Nigeria; location and size
0 Nigeria, a west African country is located between longitude
3oE to 150E of Greenwich meridian and latitude 4oN to 14oN
of equator
0 It is bounded to North by Niger Republic, to the east by
Cameroon, Benin republic to the west and Atlantic ocean to
the south.
0 Nigeria has a population of about 150million
0 The total land area is approximately 923,768 km2. It is the
fourth largest country in west Africa
NIGERIA; History
0 The Northern and Southern protectorate were
amalgamated in 1914
0 Nigeria Became an independent nation in 1960
0 Nigeria became a republic in 1963
0 The first Nigerian prime minister was sir Abubakar
Tafawa Balewa
NIGERIA; political division
0 Nigeria is divided into thirty six political divisions called
states and the Federal capital territory located in Abuja.
0 Each of the 36 states is further subdivided into local
Government Areas.
0 The 36 states are sub-divided into six geo-political zones;
North-east, North-west, North-central, south-east, southsouth, and south-west.
0 There are 774 Local Government councils in Nigeria
0 Nigeria has been under Democratic rule since 1999
NIGERIA: people and culture
0 Nigeria is a multi-ethnic Nation with over 350
different Ethnic groups. The three major languages
are Hausa/Fulani mostly found in the North, Yoruba in
the Southwest and Igbo at the south eastern part
0 The two major religions in Nigeria are Islam and
Christianity with few practicing traditional religion
0 Nigerian people are very Hospitable, kind and
NIGERIA climate
0 The climate of Nigeria is the tropical wet and dry type.
0 The climate of Nigeria is affected by
1. Wind; there are two main air masses that affect
climate of Nigeria, they are;
0 Tropical maritime air masses (south west trade wind); this is
responsible for rainy seasons. It blows across the Atlantic ocean toward
the coast and
0 Tropical continental (North East trade wind); this is responsible for dry
season and it blows across the Sahara desert.
2. Rainfall; The annual amount of rainfall decrease inland
from 2800mm in the extreme south to below 600mm
in the extreme north. There are two main seasons;
1. Rainy seasons; this is longest in the south and
2. Dry season: this is longest in the north
Climate cont..
Other factors that affect climate in Nigeria include:
0 TEMPERATURE REGIME: Nigeria is a hot country except in
few areas like the Jos plateau does relief reduce
temperature significantly. The diurnal and seasonal ranges
of temperature increase inland from the coast.
0 OCEAN CURRENT; the warm Guinea current affects the Gulf
of Guinea. It warm adjacent coastlands and brings adequate
rainfall to the area
NIGERIA; vegetation
0 Nigerian vegetation is classified into three major
0 Forest vegetation
0 Savannah (grassland vegetation)
0 Guinea savannah
0 Sudan savannah
0 Sahel savannah and
0 Montane vegetation
The forest vegetation cover the southern part and the
thickness of the forest decrease progressively northward
to grassland (savannah) to desert at the extreme northern
0 The relief of Nigeria is classified into two
1. The highland/plateaux and; this are areas above 300m
above sea level and are grouped into four;
The north central highland which include ; high plains of
Hausaland and the Jos plateau.
The western upland; this cover most of the highland of
Yoruba states e.g. Idanre, Apata hill e.t.c.
The Eastern Highlands; this represent the highest zone in
Nigeria. It includes; Adamawa mountain, Mandara
mountain, Biu plateau, Obudu and Oban hill
The eastern Scarpland: this is found in the eastern region
of Nigeria. It include the Udi-Nsukka plateau
Relief cont...
2. The lowlands: these are areas with height below
300m above sea level. It cover areas along the coast
and along the valleys of major rivers: the major
lowlands includes;
The Sokoto plain in the North-West
The Niger-Benue trough wrapping around the
North-central plateau
The chad basin of Borno plain in the Northeast
The interior coastal lowlands of western Nigeria
The lower Niger Delta
The Cross river basin e.t.c.
NIGERIA; Drainage
0 Nigerian river systems is divided into four main groups;
1. The Niger and Benue river system; this include
River Niger the longest and largest river in Nigeria and its tributaries
such as rivers Kaduna, Anambra, Moshi and Awun
River Benue which has its source from the eastern highland of Mandara
mountain and its tributaries e.g rivers Gongola, Katsina Ala, Donga e.t.c.
0 The rivers west of the lower Niger
0 This are found on the western highland of Yaruba highland which include
river ogun, Oshun, Osse and Ossiomo which flow directly into the Atlantic
0 The rivers east of lower Niger
0 The rivers flowing into lake chad
NIGERIA; Education
0 Nigerian use the 9-3-4 system of education (i.e. 9
years basic education, 3 year senior secondary school
and 4 year university)
0 There are numerous primary and secondary schools
in Nigeria as well as universities polytechnics/monotechnics and colleges of education (Public and
0 The nine year basic education is free in all public
NIGERIA; mineral resources
0 Nigeria is blessed with abundant mineral deposite which
0 Coal; around Udi hill in Enugu state and Okaba in Benue state
0 Tin; found around Jos plateau, Bauchi, Zaria, Benue and Kano
0 Columbite; this is mine along with Tin
0 Iron ore; found around Itakpe, Ajjaokuta (Kogi state) and
Oshogbo in Osun state
0 Crude oil and Gas; mostly exploited around the Niger-Delta,
both onshore and offshore
0 Limestone; found around Shagamu/ewekoro, Ukpilla,
Nkalagu and Sokoto
0 Gold; is found in Kabba (Niger state), Ilesha(osun), Zaria
(Kaduna), Aramoko Ekiti and Sokoto areas.
NIGERIA; Tourism
0 We have the national theatre in Lagos
0 Game reserves like Yankari game reserve Bauchi state,
0 Benin zoo Edo state and Ibadan zoo (Oyo state)
0 The Lekki, badagry and bar beaches in Lagos ,
0 The Zuma rocks , Abuja and olumo rocks in Ogun state
0 The museum in Lagos Benin, ife and Jos
0 There are Eight National parks in Nigeria
0 Kainji dam, Lake chad, Shiriro Dam
0 Obudu cattle ranch, Tinapa resort
NIGERIA; major cities
1. ABUJA; is a beautiful modern city build to
accommodate the Nigerian administrative
2. LAGOS; The former Nigerian Capital. It is the
commercial capital of Nigeria. There are sea ports
(Apapa, tincan island) and international airport.
3. KANO; Is an ancient commercial center and cultural
4. Other cities includes; portharcut, Enugu, Kaduna,
Maiduguri, Sokoto, Ibadan, Benin city, Akure, Bauchi
Lagos, Nigeria
Abuja (FCT)
0 Abuja is the federal capital of Nigeria
0 For more information please visit;
0 It is where the three arm zone is located which contain
Aso rock (state House), The House of Assembly
(legislative arm) and the Judiciary.
0 The ECOWAS secretariat is in Abuja
0 The National Mosque and Christian Ecumenical center
are build to accommodate Nigerian Multi-ethnic and
religious diversities
0 The Nigerian Federal secretariat, the central Bank and
headquarters of most private and public corporations
are located in Abuja
Abuja National mosque, National Assembly &
Bauchi state, Nigeria
0 Bauchi is one of the 36 states of Nigeria
0 Location of Bauchi State, Nigeria (Latitude: 10° 30' 0 N,
Longitude: 10° 0' 0 E)
0 It has 20 L.G.As
0 The state capital is located in Bauchi city
0 The state has over 5million people.
0 For detail about Bauchi state please visit the link below
Bauchi city
0 Is the capital of Bauchi state
0 It is a clean city with beautiful streets
0 The Governors office, Emirs palace, state secretariat,
Banks, Government offices, central mosque, city gates are
some of prominent features of the city
0 The traditional city is bounded by city wall built over 600
years ago
0 There is a university, two polytechnics, many nursery,
primary and secondary schools and a resource centre
(professor Iya Abubakar community resource centre )
Bauchi Emirs palace
Stadium & Multipurpose indoor sport hall,
GCDSS, Bauchi
0 SCHOOL NAME; Government Comprehensive Day Secondary
0 ADDRESS: Tafawa Balewa Housing Estate, Bauchi (postal
address; P.M.B. 0241, Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria)
0 LOCATION; The school is located at the extreme northeastern part of Bauchi city. It is bounded by ATBH estate to
the west, NTA Bauchi transmitting station to the southeast,
warinje hill to the east and city cemetery to the north-east
0 The school is divided into Junior and Senior sections each
with an administrative Head.
0 The students population is over 4000
0 It is a co-educational school (male and female)
My school cont..
0 It is the most populated school in Bauchi state
0 The school is well known for discipline, sport and
academic excellence.
0 It has a library, science laboratory, computer centre,
audio-visual centre, sport complex, technical
workshop, religious centres and much more
My school; GCDSS, Bauchi
GCDSS, Bauchi...
Welcome to
Bauchi state