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DoDAF CADM ISO AP233
Converter Project Final
Presentation
David Price
February 2005
Eurostep.ESUKPC20.000049v0.1
©Copyright Eurostep Limited
Agenda
•
•
•
•
•
•
Who am I and what is Eurostep?
Project Focus
Project Technical Summary
Walkthrough of Mapping Documentation
Demonstration of Software
Recommendations for Further Activities
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Eurostep.ESUKPC20.000049v0.1
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Who am I?
• David Price
– ~20 years at IBM as Senior Software Engineer
• Mechanical CAD support, Corporate Design Practices
• IBM Consulting, IBM Enterprise Integration
• Assignee to PDES, Inc. consortium developing ISO STEP stds
– ~4 years at Eurostep Limited as Senior Consultant
• Oil and Gas data warehouse standards/implementation
• Ship Classification data exchange UML/XML Schema project
• ISO AP239/PLCS Semantic Approach to Taxonomies for data
exchange for UK MoD
• Open-source Web site www.exff.org dedicated to data
exchange and modeling language interoperability
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What is Eurostep?
• Eurostep Limited
– Consulting company based in UK, part of Eurostep Group
operating in UK, Sweden, Finland and USA
• Eurostep Sweden commercial product Web-enabled PLM system
– Typical Customers : BAE SYSTEMS, UK MoD, Volvo, NASA/JPL,
Boeing, FMV, AstraZeneca, John Deere
– Decades of experience in ISO STEP and OMG standards
– Decades of industrial experience in Aerospace, Ship Classification,
Logistics Support, PLM, Mechanical Engineering, …
– Related projects
•
•
•
•
SEDRES 2
PLCS Consortium Project and Technical Coordination
ISO STEP AP239/PLCS and AP233/SysEng modeling
SysML submission team member
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Project Focus
• Based on white paper describing DoDAF, SysML
and AP233 standards for System-of-systems and
Systems Engineering
– Using Systems Engineering Standards In an
Architecture Framework by Ian Bailey, Eurostep, Fatma
Dandashi and Huei-Wan Ang, Mitre Corp, and Dwayne
Hardy, American Systems Corp
• Influenced by INCOSE, ISO STEP and OMG
communities
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Future Big Picture?
Operational
DODAF
specifies requirements for
ISO 10303
STEP Standards
Detailed Design,
Manufacturing,
Life Cycle Support,
…
Other SE Views
OMG SysML
AP233
AP2xx
AP233
CADM
DARS
CADM = Core Architecture Data Model
DARS = DoD Architecture Repository System
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Walkthrough of Mapping
Documentation
• Document as a Web site in the style of a
programmers guide
– Audience
• Audience is software developers
• No previous knowledge of AP233 is required
• UML diagrams and XML Schemas used to explain how to write
a converter
– Approach
• Develop standalone AP233 document that is independent of
DoDAF/CADM mapping
• Develop document for each DoDAF View and “link” into the
AP233 document
• Makes the AP233 documentation reusable for a similar project
on SysML, MoDAF, etc.
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The Mapping Documentation
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Demonstration Scenario
Activity
Hierarchy
(Mindmap)
Operational
Use Case
(UML)
2
1
4
3
AP233
Systems
Interfaces
(UML)
5
AP233
AP233
CADM
Simple
CADM
Browser
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Resulting Tool Interoperability
• CADM-AP233 interoperability creates a new path
into DoDAF for:
– UML/SysML tool vendors
– Non-UML tool vendors
– Other military AFs
• UK MoDAF Enterprise Reference Model
• CADM-AP233 interoperability creates a capability
to feed DoDAF data down the systems life cycle
via other STEP APs
– e.g. AP239/Product Life Cycle Support for Support
Engineering, Maintenance, Logistics, etc.
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Recommended Next Steps
• Release current software and documentation as open
source
– With DoD approval, Eurostep will post results as open-source
project to which anyone can contribute
• Evaluate possibility of validating results in CADM testing
forum
• Consider expanding CADM-AP233 to cover additional views
– Suggest priority aligned with SysML to build on momentum
• SysML 1.0 release planned for June 05, consider doing a
similar project for SysML-AP233
– SysML partners have prototyping plans
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From SysML Submission
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From SysML Submission
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Where might we go from here?
• Interoperability can be provided through an opensource set of software tools reducing barriers for
everyone
– The XML community has been very successful at this
• Ideas for the information technology
– High Level API specified as UML and delivered in
multiple programming languages (e.g. Java, C++, C#)
– Direct converters for other standard formats (e.g. XMI)
– Web services and interoperability hubs on Web
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AP233 approach
• Standardize flexible, extensible information model in ISO
– Independent of any tool or modelling approach
• Can represent UML, IDEF and non-standard tool languages
– Extension via a “classification by external class” concept within the
information model itself
• makes AP233 suitable as a neutral data exchange standard for
Systems Engineering data
• leaves room for communities or organizations to tailor AP233 use for
specific needs
– Designed for data exchange, not for operational system or
repository Fewer semantics and rules written into the information
model
• Breaks concepts down to relatively fine level of detail to support a
variety of tools/disciplines
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AP233 Requirements
ISO Information Model
External Classes
(aka Taxonomy)
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DoDAF/CADM External Classes
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AP233 is modular
• AP233 is one of the new suite of STEP modular
APs
– A STEP module is a small, reusable information model
from which the larger Application Protocols are created
– So, if AP233 doesn’t quite cover something it can be
extended by incorporating or creating other small STEP
information models
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DoDAF Uses
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AP233 Systems Engineering
• AP233 is the Systems Engineering part of the new suite of
ISO 10303 STEP Application Protocols built from modules
– Shared constructs guarantee interoperability between disciplines
such as Systems Engineering, Product Life Cycle Support and
Configuration Controlled Design
• Defines a formal, strict information model
– intended to prevent ambiguity when used for exchange between
engineering systems
• As part of STEP, AP233 links to standards with a vast scope
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AP233 Scope
breakdowns
requirements
PDM
text-based
static
structure
system
sub-system
product
structure
config
control
property-based
functional
breakdown
WBS
security
person &
org
behaviour
analysis
rules
verification &
validation
model presentation
risk
measurement
state-based
function-based
Legend
future work
completed
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Project Overview
• Deliverables
– Interim report and CADM/AP233 converter
• Demonstration at OMG/INCOSE conference
– Final report, CADM/AP233 converter and demonstration
• DoDAF Views In-scope
SV1 – System Interface Description
SV2 – Systems Communications Description
SV3 – Systems-Systems Matrix
SV4 – Systems Functionality Description
OV5 – Operational Activity Model
TV1 – Technical Standards Profile
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Possibilities
SysML
UML 1.5
MoD AF
ERM
Non-UML
Tools
AP233
AP233
AP233
AP233
CADM
Simple
CADM
Browser
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Project Technical Summary
• Scope
– SV-1, SV-2, SV-3, SV-4, OV-5, TV-1 subset
• Purpose
– Evaluate feasibility of system architecture data exchange using
emerging ISO AP233 Systems Engineering standard
• Not a fully validated design effort
– Provide a body of work that future efforts can build upon
• Deliverables
– Documented mapping between DoDAF CADM XML format and the
ISO AP233 XML format
• Delivered as a Web site
• Audience is software developers writing CADM-AP233 translators
– Software that coverts between CADM XML and AP233 XML
• Upon permission from DoD, intended release as open-source project
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DoDAF Views
NODES
TIME A
T1
T2
T3
B
XY
Z
X
Y
C
System Functionality
Description (SV-4)
Y
X
Systems Functionality
Sequence and Timing
Description (SV-10 a/b/c)
Systems Interface
Description (SV-1)
Physical Schema
SV-11
Activity to System
Function (SV-5)
System - System
Matrix (SV-3)
Systems Evolution
Description (SV-8)
Technical Architecture
Profile (TV-1)
Standards Technology
Forecast (TV-2)
C O N N E C T IO N
TO NODE B
NODE A
S y ste m 1
S y ste m 2
O n e-W ay
C o m m u n icatio n s
L in k
T w o -W ay
C o m m u n icatio n s
L in k s
S y ste m 4
S y ste m 3
C O N N E C T IO N
TO NODE B
L ocal A rea N et
S y ste m 5
EXTERNAL
C O N N E C T IO N
(O U T S ID E T H E
N O D E S O F IN T E R E S T )
C O N N E C T IO N
TO NODE C
Systems Communications
Description (SV-2)
Operational
Systems Data Exchange
Matrix (SV-6)
Systems Performance
Parameters Matrix (SV-7)
Operational Concept
Description (OV-1)
Systems Technology
Forecast (SV-9)
Operational Activity
Model (OV-5)
• .....
• .....
• .....
Organizational
Relationships
Chart (OV-4)
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Node Connectivity
Description (OV-2)
•
-
Logical Data
Model (OV-7)
Information
Exchange Matrix
(OV-3)
Eurostep.ESUKPC20.000049v0.1
NODES
TIME A
T1
T2
T3
B
C
Operational Activity
Sequence and Timing
Description (OV-6 a/b/c)
©Copyright Eurostep Limited
AIP Sample Data (1)
A0--GENERATE TACTICAL RECONNAISSANCE PLAN
A3--COORNDINATE AT JOINT LEVELTACTICAL RECONNAISSANCE PLAN
A3.1--ASSESS JOINT TR CAPABILITIES
A1--DEVELOP TACTICAL RECONNAISSANCE PLAN
A3.2--PRIORITIZE TR NEEDS
A1.1--ASSESS INTIAL TR NEEDS FOR MISSIONS AND PLANS
A2--COORDINATE ORGANIC SENSOR EMPLOYMENT
A1.2--UPDATE TR NEEDS
A1.3--ISSUE TRP FOR COORDINATION
A2.1--EVALUATE NEW TR NEEDS
A2.2--ASSESS CURRENT TR CAPABILITIES
A2.3--FINALIZE ARMY TRP
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AIP Sample Data (2)
DoD DIRECTIVES
ARMY DOCTRINE
ARMY DIRECTIVES
INTEL REPORTS
MISSIONS AND PLANS
CURRENT SITREPS
DEVELOP TACTICAL
RECONNAISSANCE
PLAN
DRAFT TRP
A1
COORDINATE
ORGANIC SENSOR
EMPLOYMENT
UPDATED TRP
JOINT OPERATIONS
DOCTRINE
A2
UNSUPPORTED
ARMY TR NEEDS
COORNDINATE AT
JOINT
LEVELTACTICAL
RECONNAISSANCE
PLAN
TR DEFICIENCIES LIST
FINALIZED TRP
A3
SENSOR
INVENTORY
DB
ANALYSTS
NODE:
A0
TITLE:
TRP GENERATION
NO.:
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Scenario 1
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Activity and I/O Flows
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Activity Breakdown
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Nodes, Systems and Interfaces
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Conclusions
• Core DoDAF Views/CADM and AP233 can be mapped
– Provides additional path for creating CADM data for tool vendors
• SysML 0.9 out for review and alignment with AP233 is
underway
– AP233 Structure done
– AP233 Requirements done
– AP233 Behaviour still in-work
• Confirmed white paper conclusions on SysML, AP233 and
DoDAF each being useful
• Deliverables can be reused as the basis for future work
– e.g. CADM-AP233 documentation can be basis for adding SysMLAP233 structure mapping
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