The Present Progressive Tense Page 308 Realidades 1 Present Progressive We use the present tense to talk about an action that always or often takes place or that is happening now. Present Progressive Ellos comen ensaladas. They eat salads. They are eating salads. Present Progressive We use the present progressive tense when we want to emphasize that something is happening right now. Present Progressive Ellos están comiendo ensaladas. They are eating salads. (right now) Present Progressive están comiendo Present tense form of “estar” Present participle Present Progressive comiendo Stem of comer -er present participle ending Present Progressive To make the present participle, Use the endings: iendo for -er / -ir verbs ando for -ar verbs Present Progressive Let’s do an -AR verb in the present progressive. TO DANCE I am dancing We are dancing You are dancing He, She, It is dancing They are dancing BAILAR Estoy bailando Estamos bailando Estás bailando Está bailando Están bailando TO EAT I am eating We are eating You are eating He, She, It is eating They are eating COMER Estoy comiendo Estamos comiendo Estás comiendo Está comiendo Están comiendo TO WRITE I am writing We are writing You are writing He, She, It is writing They are writing ESCRIBIR Estoy escribiendo Estás escribiendo Está escribiendo Estamos escribiendo Están escribiendo Present Progressive: Irregular Forms P. 171 Realidades 2 Present Progressive: Irregular Forms Do you remember your regular present progressive forms? To say that something is happening right now, use the present tense forms of estar + the present participle (-ando or -iendo) Present Progressive: Irregular Forms doblar > doblando Ella está doblando a la izquierda aprender > aprendiendo Estamos aprendiendo a manejar. escribir > esciribiendo Están escribiendo una carta. Present Progressive: Irregular Forms Some verbs have irregular present participle forms. To form the present participle of -ir stem-changing verbs, the e in the infinitive form changes to i, and the o in the infinitive form changes to u. Present Progressive: Irregular Forms Decir Pedir Repetir Seguir Servir Vestir Dormir Diciendo Pidiendo Repitiendo Siguiendo Sirviendo Vistiendo Durmiendo Present Progressive: Irregular Forms In the following -er verbs, the i of -iendo changes to y. creer: creyendo leer: leyendo traer: trayendo Present Progressive: Irregular Forms When you use pronouns with the present progressive, you can put them before the conjugated form of estar or attach them to the present participle. Present Progressive: Irregular Forms Notice that if a pronoun is attached to the present participle, an accent mark is needed. Write the accent mark over the vowel that is normally stressed in the present tense. Present Progressive: Irregular Forms ¿Están Uds. esperando el autobús? Sí, lo estamos esperando. Or Sí, estamos esperándolo.