The Present Perfect Subjunctive
It is used in a dependent clause (after “que”)
when the main clause expresses emotion
about an action that has occurred in the
recent past.
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Example:
Me alegro de que Uds. hayan visto la
película Los piratas del Caribe, el baúl el
muerto.
I am glad that you all have seen the movie
Pirates of the Caribbean, Dead Man’s
Chest.
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Temo que nadie me haya llamado hoy.
I fear that no one has called me today.
3
Nos frustra que no haya llovido mucho esta
primavera.
It frustrates us that it hasn’t rained much
this spring.
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How to form the present perfect
subjunctive
Use the present subjunctive of “haber”
haya
hayamos
hayas
haya
hayan
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Past participle
-ado (hablado)
-ido (comido)
-ido (vivido)
Remember that there are irregular past
participles too.
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Formula:
Verb of emotion in main clause + que +
present perfect subjunctive
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Important things to remember:
Object pronouns (DOP’s, IDOP’s, ROP’s) come
before the conjugated form of “haber”
They cannot be attached to a past participle
They cannot come immediately before the past
participle
“que” introduces a new clause, therefore a new
subject. If there is no change in subject use the
infinitive.
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Examples:
Nos alegramos de que nuestros padres nos
hayan dejado el coche esta noche.
We are glad that our parents have left
(given us) us the car tonight.
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A mi amigo Carlos le sorprende que nadie
lo haya llamado esta tarde.
It surprises my friend Carlos that no one has
called him this afternoon.
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Traduzca las siguientes en
español.
Do you like that we have invited you to Eva Mendes’s
birthday party?
You are glad that your friends have congratulated you after
the piano concert.
I regret to inform you that the telephone still isn’t working.
Do you like to go to parties?
We regret that you haven’t written a letter to grandma.
I am glad that you have put on your tie, shirt and vest
today.
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Answers:
¿Te gusta que te hayamos invitado a la fiesta de
cumpleaños de Eva Mendes?
Te alegras de que tus amigos te hayan felicitado
después del concierto de piano.
Siento informarle que el teléfono todavía no
funciona.
¿Te gusta ir a las fiestas?
Sentimos que no hayas escrito una carta a abuelita.
Me alegro de que te hayas puesto tu corbata,
camisa y chaleco hoy.
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El Fin
Information cited from:Conner, John Breaking the Spanish Barrier 2006
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The Present Perfect Subjunctive