Multicultural Literacy Map
Sharifa Gayle
TAL 203
Map of Haiti
Tonight, by Sea
Haiti Gains Its Independence
Selavi, that is life: a Haitian story
of Hope
The Magic Orange Tree and other
Haitian Folktales
Annotated bibliography
Toussaint L’Ouverture: The fight for Haiti’s
In Dept Analysis
page 1
Page 2
Page 3
* Running the Road to ABC
By Denize Lauture
Illustrated by Reynold Ruffins
Running the Road to ABC
written by Denize Lauture
Illustrated by Reynold Ruffins
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Haiti Gains Its Independence
Spaniards exploited the Island of Hispaniola for its gold and enslaved or killed those who would not mine the gold
Due to the disease brought by the Spanish, the indigenous people where dying off so they imported African people
to be slaves
Starting in 1793 the slaves in Haiti begin to rebel against their oppressors and fight for their freedom
Signed declaration of Independence from France on January 1, 1804
Haiti is the 1st country in the world to effectively abolish slavery!!!
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“And up and down
Every day
Morning moon
Evening star
Morning star
Evening moon
Running left and turning right, counting one and counting two, learning A and learning B, a hum today, a song tomorrow, they gaze at the heavens, rise
before the sun, said with the moon, and dream of stars to read and write and write and read each night and each morning and each noon, each
noon and each day one more letter and one more sound, one more sound and one more word, one more word and one more line, one more line
and one more page of their little songs, their little songs in the great and beautiful books on the Road to A B C.
- Running the Road To ABC
by Denize Lauture
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Running The Road To ABC
Written by Denize Lauture
Illustrated by Reynold Ruffins
Through out this book the author exemplified the literary element of style. The book is written in a way to appeal to children, because of its use of repetition and flowery language,
but also to appeal to the more mature reader through its poetic format and syntax. Nothing in the book is written like a normal story. The author uses many commas through
out the book to eliminate formal reading pattern and make the book seem as though it could be a song. The style of writing relates to the meaning behind the book, which is
that the want to learn and read is not a formal story that the children are told but more like a song in their heart that motivates their intense run every morning to go to
school. As a matter of fact, there is no dialogue throughout the book, even though it is a group of children running in unison, no one speaks to another, they run with the
same goal in mind and the same song in their heart, the song to learn to read.
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The point of view in the book is also seen in the author’s style of writing. Everyone in the book is referred to in the third person because an omniscient speaker sees
the children running and tells their story. This style of writing emphasizes the fact that the children’s intense want to learn is unknown by them or anyone around them, but the speaker
shows it through their point of view.
Throughout the book the author uses Onomatopoeia, which also appeals to children. For example, “All around them they hear the peyee-peyee of the crickets and the
twee-twee of the half-awake lizards and the Kwott-kwott of the frogs in hollow tree trunks.” These sounds are all used to appeal to children and keep them interested but also describe the
setting of the book, which is another key literary element that is combined with style which the author uses to get her point across. For example, “Their legs take cold showers of morning
dew on the weeds along the narrow trails. The bottom of their feet flatten spiders and slugs, and frogs and bugs they catch sleeping on the hard road.” This poetic use of words attributes to
her style of written which penetrates through out the book but the vivid description of the setting also makes the reader aware of the unpleasant conditions in which the children are willing
to run through, every morning, in order to reach their goal of learning.
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An important part of the story would be the repetition of “they run and run”, because it shows that despite the setting, situation or obstacle, the want for learning
exceeds the outside circumstances, which is a powerful message for children. The repetition of the mini poem “Up and down, every day, morning moon, evening star, morning star, evening
moon,” also emphasizes the point of reaching the goal of learning but doing it with vigilance and perseverance.
The style of the story utilizes the theme, setting and point of view to pull together the want for the children of Haiti to learn and shows other children around the world
the importance of an education and what some people have to go through in order to receive one.
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Annotated bibliography
1. Running the Road to ABC
Grade Level: K-2
by Denize Lauture
Illustrated by Reynold Ruffins
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Children’s Publishing Division
Pub. Date: 1996
Before the rising of the sun, the children of Haiti run to school to learn to read. They run in the early morning through the country and by
wild life and through the city and by towns people. They run as quickly as they can to reach what they have been longing for in their
sleep….their books and the words in them.
Coretta Scott King Honor
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Annotated bibliography
2. Toussaint L’Ouverture: the fight for Haiti’s Freedom
Grade Level: 5-6
Written by Walter Dean Myers
Paintings by Jacob Lawrence
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Children’s Publishing division
Pub. Date: October 1996
The liberation of Haiti told through the words of Walter Dean Myers and through the pictures of Jacob Lawrence. General Toussaint L’Ouverture grew up as a young slave
learning how to read and also learning about human rights and turned into the leader of his country against those who oppressed them into slavery. By whatever means
necessary, General L’Ouverture fights for the freedom, which he loved so much. Though not being able to see his country gain its own freedom, his vision was fulfilled on
January 1, 1804.
ALA Notable Children's Books
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Annotated bibliography
3. The Magic Orange Tree and other Haitian Folktales
Grade Level: 3-6
Collected By Diane Wolkstein
Drawings by Elsa Henriquez
Publisher: alfred A. knopf, Incorporated
Pub. Date: 1978
A collection of various Haitian folk tales from different Haitian story tellers. These stories include fictional happenings such as animals turning into humans and returning into
their natural form, a tree that grows from the orders of a child, a speaking fish and other magical stories. A general theme would be the rulers of this magical world which
include Papa God, General Death and the spirits of Voodoo ceremonies. Some stories are hilarious and others are a bit eerie.
ALA Notable Children's Books
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Annotated bibliography
4. Selavi, that is life: A Haitian Story of Hope
Grade Level: K-2
by Youme Landowne
Publisher: Morris Printing
Pub. Date: 2004
There are homeless children roaming the streets everywhere , and Haiti is no exception. A homeless boy roams the streets after his family is taking away from him. He meets
up with other street children just like him who call him “selavi”, meaning that is life to reflect his hardships and a future in moving past them. Him and the other street
children face many hardships such as being removed from the tree that they call their home, and having the house that was built for them burnt down. Does this stop the
children from trying to find peace. No, they build a radio station to bring awareness to others about homeless children.
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Annotated bibliography
5. Tonight, by Sea
Grade Level: 6-8
By Frances Temple
Publisher: Orchard Books
Pub. Date: 1995
Paulie enjoyed her life in the only that she had ever known, Haiti. She enjoys the smell of the food cooking, the beach and playing with her best friend, Karyl. However, her
homeland is beginning to get more dangerous than before and she is forced to face the fact that she must leave her home, instead of fighting the prosecution that her people
face and speaking out on the problems that plague her country. Even those who are suppose to protect her and her family, soldiers, are the people she fears most. Like her
uncle says, she must seek life, and as soon as possible and by the only way they know how, by sea.
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Literacy Map