Gramática
• CONTENT OBJECTIVE: I.W.B.A.T. use
and differentiate between DIRECT and
INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS.
Gramática
Direct Object Pronouns
Remember that you use direct object pronouns when you
don’t want to keep repeating the direct object nouns.
Comemos tamales.
becomes
We eat tamales.
Los comemos.
We eat them.
Llamé al mesero.
becomes
I called the waiter.
Lo llamé.
I called him.
direct object pronouns
me
1.
nos
4.
te
2.
os
lo 3.
/ la
los5./ las
Note that the direct
object mesero is a person.
That is why it takes a
person a.
Gramática
Direct Object Pronouns
Direct object pronouns are usually placed before conjugated
verbs. They can follow infinitives and –ndo forms.
Lo llamé.
I called him.
When you put the
pronoun after the infinitive
or –ndo form, it attaches
to the verb
Lo voy a llamar.
attaches
Voy a llamarlo
I’m going to call him.
attaches
Lo estoy llamando.
Estoy llamándolo
I’m calling him.
La mesera puso la mesa.
The waitress set the table.
becomes
La puso.
She set it.
Gramática
Direct Object Pronouns
6 ¿Lo comió?
Hablar
Pregúntale a un(a) compañero(a) si comió o tomó lo
Siguiente durante la semana pasada.
1. Tomar un batido de chocolate
Sí, lo tomé.
or
No, no lo tomé.
2. Comer una zanahoria
Sí, la comí.
or
No, no la comí.
3. Comer el arroz
Sí, lo comí.
or
No, no lo comí.
4. Comer unas salchichas
Sí, las comí.
5. Tomar jugo de manzana
Sí, lo tomé.
or
No, no lo tomé.
6. Comer pan con mantequilla
Sí, lo comí.
or
No, no lo comí.
7. Comer pescado
Sí, lo comí.
or
No, no lo comí.
8. Tomar leche
Sí, la tomé.
or
No, no la tomé.
or
No, no las comí.
Gramática
Indirect Object Pronouns
Remember that you use indirect object pronouns to replace
or accompany indirect object nouns.
D.O.
I.O.
Le compró regalos a sus amigos.
She bought presents for her friends.
I.O.P
becomes
D.O.
Les compró regalos.
She bought them presents.
The first and second person indirect object pronouns are the
same as the direct object pronouns: me, te, nos.
indirect object pronouns
me
1.
nos
4.
te
2.
os
le
3.
les
5.
If there’s an
indirect object
there’s usually also a
direct object.
Gramática
Indirect Object Pronouns
Like D.O.P.’s, I.O.P.’s are usually placed before conjugated
verbs, and may be attached to infinitives and –ndo forms.
becomes
El mesero dio la cuenta a Laura.
El mesero le dio la cuenta.
The waiter gave Laura the bill.
The waiter gave her the bill.
attaches
El mesero va a darle la cuenta.
The waiter is going to give her the bill.
attaches
El mesero está dándole la cuenta.
The waiter is giving her the bill.
Gramática
DO Pronouns
IO Pronouns
English Equivalent
me
me
me
te
te
you (familiar)
lo, la
le
him, her, it, you
(formal)
nos
nos
us
os
os
you-all (familiar)
los, las
les
them, you-all
(formal)
Gramática
Double Object Pronouns
You have learned about both direct and indirect object
pronouns. They both go before the conjugated verb.
What happens if you want to have both direct and indirect
object pronouns in the same sentence? The indirect object
pronoun goes first.
i.o.p.
d.o.p.
Te los compramos.
We bought them for you.
i.o.p.
d.o.p.
El mesero me los dio.
The wiater gave them to me.
Gramática
Double Object Pronouns
Remember that when a conjugated verb appears with an
infinitive or an –ndo form, you have two choices. You can put
the pronouns before the conjugated verb, or you can attach
them to the infinitive or –ndo form.
i.o.p.
d.o.p.
Me los vas a comprar.
i.o.p.
d.o.p.
Vas a comprármelos.
You are going to buy them for me.
i.o.p.
d.o.p.
Me los estás comprando.
You are buying them for me.
i.o.p.
Estás comprándomelos.
d.o.p.
Double object pronoun
replacements
• When a third person indirect object
pronoun (le or les) precedes a third
person direct object pronoun (lo, la,
los, or las), the indirect pronoun
must be changed to se. Context will
let you know whether the se is
replacing le or les.
Gramática
Gramática
Whenever both pronouns begin with
the letter "l" change the first pronoun
to "se."
le lo = se lo
le la = se la
le los = se los
le las = se las
les lo = se lo
les la = se la
les los = se los
les las = se las
Gramática
¿Qué compraste para tu familia?
¿Compraste un batido para tú hermano?
Si, (No, no) se lo compré.
¿Compraste pasta para tú mamá?
No, no se la compré.
¿Te compraste una torta?
Si, me la compré.
Gramática
¿Compraste papas para las chicas?
No, no se las compré.
¿Compraste pescado para ti?
Si, me lo compré.
¿Compraste frijoles para mi?
No, no te los compré.
Descargar

direct object nouns