La Capital de España
1561 Felipe II
La Puerta del Sol
• Es el centro geográfico
de España
• Es la Plaza más grande
de Madrid
• Donde se celebra la
Noche Vieja, el 31 de
diciembre en frente del
reloj de la Torre del
Ministerio
• Comen 12 uvas y beben
champán a la
medianoche
El centro geográfico de España
Para situarnos nos ponemos
en el Km. "cero", o sea el
centro de, donde empiezan
todas las carreteras
nacionales, pues aunque el
centro se ubica en el Cerro
de los Angeles, que también
esta en nuestra comunidad,
el Km. "0" es más conocido
y visitado, por ser el punto
desde donde se miden todas
las distancias a cualquier
parte que queramos viajar.
El Oso al Madroño
El Palacio
Real
Zona
pedestre
Los cafés
de tapas
La Plaza de
Colón
El Monumento de
Colón
MADRID.
Madrid was made capital of Spain by Felipe II in 1561. It is the highest capital
in Europe.
It is a beautiful city that has been restored after the Civil War of 1936-39.
Unlike most Spanish important ciudades, la ciudad de Madrid does not
have una catedral gótica importante. La Catedral de la Almudena was
built in a later century next to the Palacio Real. La boda de los Principes
de Asturias, Felipe de Borbón y Letizia Ortiz, tuvo lugar en esta catedral
el 22 de mayo 2004. Madrid, however has numerous churches.
La Plaza Mayor was the center of activity for many centuries. Built in a
square surrounded by building with arches. It can be accessed through some
of the corner arches.
It is a pedestrian area with sidewalk cafés and tapa (hors d’oeuvre ready
dish) bars.
El Palacio Real (The Royal Palace), built by the Bourbons from France, is
one of the largest one in Europe, with beautiful gardens.
El Retiro is a beautiful park (parque) with a Presidio hemicycle gallery and a
Crystal Palace.
El Prado is a great European museo showing not only Spanish painters
like El Greco, Velázquez and Goya, but also many Italian and Dutch
masters.
El Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, exhibits mainly modern artists: Picasso,
Miró, Dali, etc.
El Museo Thyssen Bornemisza, private museum.
Many nightclubs are open most of the night. Flamenco is performed every
night.
Restaurants abound with seafood and meaty platters. Dinner is normally
served at 10 p.m. to the locals. Hungry American tourists try earlier seating
whenever possible.
La Puerta del Sol is the geographical center of Spain. It is Madrid largest
square. On New Year’s eve, los Madrileños gather in front of the Bell Tower
of the Ministry to eat 12 grapes (doce uvas), one for each stroke at midnight.
They also drink champagne.
There is also a statue of a bear at a lemon tree, (el Oso al Madroño).
Madrid also boasts magnificent fountains like La Fuente de Cibeles, with
Cibeles’ chariot drawn by two lions.
It also has beautiful gates known as Puertas like La Puerta de Alcala.
La Plaza de Colón has the statue of Cristobal Colón and also is called
Discovery Square. La Plaza de España has the statue of Cervantes, with
both statues of Don Quixote on Rocinante and Sancho Panza on his burro.
Las Ventas is Madrid’s famous bullring.
Debajo de la Plaza de Colón
Los Viajes del Descubrador
el 12 de octubre 1492
La Galería debajo de la Plaza de Colón
• Con la estatua de
Felipe II
• En frente, las
estatuas de los
héroes de la
novela de
Cervantes:
Don Quijote y
Sancho Panza
El Escorial
• En las
afueras de
Madrid
• El Palacio de
Felipe II
• El Monasterio
• La Biblioteca
Nacional
• La Iglesia de
San Lorenzo
EL ESCORIAL
Built by King Felipe II to celebrate his victory against the French at the
Battle of Saint Quentin.
It is a Monastery, Palace, Church, Library. It is austere as a monastery. It
is also the royal Palace of the King. The massif square construction contains
also the Church of San Lorenzo and the magnificent royal library.
Great art collections embellish the galleries and turn the Escorial into a
worthwhile museum. It also houses the Pantheon, royal burial place. It is
located some 30 mi. from Madrid.
SPANISH ARMADA.
Reasons for Felipe II to go after England
1- to convert England to Catholicism
2- to destroy England’s fleet and prevent the British from
interfering in the New World and the Atlantic Ocean.
A- Spanish Armada planned to sail up the English Channel to meet with the
Army of the Duke of Parma of the Netherlands.
B- First, encountered the British fleet and is unable to reach help from the
Netherlands.
C- Defeated by the British fleet. They had more maneuverable boats equipped
with long range cannons. Lost was the chance for the Spaniards to
storm and attack the British boats.
D- Retreated through the North shore of Scotland, and got caught in a
hurricane strength storm and were blown onto the shores of Ireland.
E- Spain was badly defeated, lost its naval supremacy.
England now could rise to power, unchallenged.
England remained faithful to the Anglican Church
The Gran Via is a major thoroughfare in Madrid, Spain. Cinemas, tourist shops, and fastfood restaurants line the street, which passes through Madrid’s show business
areaPhoto Researchers, Inc./David Frazier
Los Reyes de España
Juán Carlos de Borbón y Sofía de Grecia
El Palacio Real de los Reyes de Borbón
Fachada Sur
LA REINA Y EL PRÍNCIPE
A LA ESPERA DE DOÑA LETIZIA
A las 10,45, tal y como
estaba previsto, el
Cortejo Nupcial ha
salido del Palacio Real
por la Puerta del Rey
para recorrer la Plaza de
la Armería hasta la
entrada principal de la
Catedral de La
Almudena. El Príncipe
Felipe, muy sonriente
con su uniforme de gran
gala del Ejército de
Tierra, salió del Palacio
Real acompañado por
su madre, la reina Sofía,
con una clásica mantilla
negra y con un
elegantísimo vestido
largo de Margarita Nuez.
El Palacio Real de los Reyes de Borbón
Fachada Norte
El Palacio Real
Magno escenario para un banquete de boda histórico de Felipe y Letizia
Escenario elegido para las celebraciones de la gran boda real, en el que los
anfitriones recibirán a sus invitados y recorrerán los salones principales
UN BRINDIS
POR LOS RECIÉN CASADOS
El rey don Juan Carlos puso fin al banquete nupcial de la boda de los
Príncipes de Asturias con un brindis en agradecimiento a todos sus
invitados y por la felicidad de don Felipe y doña Letizia
El Palacio del Oriente
El General
Franco
habló a la
gente por
esta
fachada
Es la
fachada
este del
Palacio
Real en la
Plaza del
Oriente
SALUDO HISTÓRICO
DESDE EL BALCÓN DEL PALACIO REAL
Don Felipe y doña
Letizia salieron a la
tribuna de la plaza de
Oriente para saludar a
sus conciudadanos
desde el balcón
principal del Palacio
Real, desde donde
Franco se dirigía a los
españoles. Esta ha
sido la despedida
formal de los
Príncipes de Asturias.
La Catedral de la Almudena
La catedral de la Almudena, testigo
del 'sí quiero' de don Felipe y doña
Letizia el 22 de mayo 2004
Consagrada el 15 de junio de 1993
por Juan Pablo II, la Almudena, es,
a la vez que la única catedral
española que ha consagrado un
Papa —y la primera que un sucesor
de Pedro consagra fuera de Roma.
DON FELIPE Y DOÑA LETIZIA
YA SON MARIDO Y MUJER
Día 22-05-2004
Poco después de que el rey don
Juan Carlos diera el consentimiento
a su hijo, el príncipe Felipe, para
casarse, los novios pronunciaron el
'sí quiero' en la catedral de La
Almudena ante el cardenal Rouco
Varela. La pareja unió sus manos, se
miró a los ojos con profundidad y se
juró amor eterno
Día 22-05-2004
BODA REAL DE LOS
PRÍNCIPES DE ASTURIAS
Seis meses y medio
después de anunciar
su compromiso
matrimonial, don
Felipe y doña Letizia
han contraído
matrimonio en la
Catedral de la
Almudena. Una boda
que pasará a la
historia de las
monarquías
europeas.
La Zarzuela – Residencia privada de los Reyes
En los suburbios de Madrid
La
Fuente
de
Cibeles
MADRID
SALE A LA CALLE PARA CONTEMPLAR LA DECORACIÓN DE LA BODA REAL
Atocha - La Estación de
Ferrocarril
Cerca del terrorismo del 11 de marzo 2004
La basílica de Nuestra Señora de Atocha
Doña Letizia Ortiz ofrece
su ramo a Virgen de
Atocha
Los recién casados han
llegado a la Basílica de
Atocha donde doña
Letizia ha ofrecido su
ramo de novia a la Virgen
de Atocha, la patrona, no
declarada, de la Corte
Los Museos de Madrid
El Prado
• Arte
Clásico
• La fachada
principal en
el Paseo
del Prado
• La estatua
de
Velázquez
Madrid, Museo ThyssenBornemisza
Colección privada de los
Barones Thyssen-Bornemisza
Dos ascensores exteriores
transparentes
Arte Moderno
El Centro de Arte Reina Sofía
El Parque del Retiro
El Palacio de Cristal
En el Parque del Retiro
Las Ventas
La Plaza de Toros de Madrid
CORRIDA DE TOROS
Origins and History of Bullfight
Bullfighting is certainly one of the best known, although at the same time most
polemical Spanish popular customs.
This Fiesta could not exist without the Toro Bravo, a species of bull of an archaical
race that is only conserved in Spain. Formerly this bull's forebears, the primitive urus,
were spread out over wide parts of the world. Many civilizations revered to them, the
bull-cultus at the Greek island Creta is quite well-known. The Bible reports on
sacrifices of bulls in honour to the divine justice. Also in the religious ceremonies of
Iberian tribes living in Spain in prehistorical times bulls played an important part.
The origins of the Plaza, bullring, probably are not the Roman amphitheaters but the
Celt-Iberian temples where those ceremonies were held. In the province of Soria, close
to Numancia, one of them is conserved and it is supposed that there bulls were
sacrificed to the Gods.
While the religious cultus to the bull goes back to Iberians, it were the Greek and
Roman influences that converted it into a spectacle.
During the middle-ages it was a diversion for the aristocracy to torear on horse's back.
That was called suerte de cañas. In 18th century this tradition was more or less
abandoned and the poorer population invented the bullfight by foot. Francisco
Romero was a key-figure in laying the rules for that new sport.
For its fans La Corrida is of course rather an art than a sport, not to speak about the
challenge of the man fighting against the beast. It is an archaic tradition that has
survived in this country, just as the Toro Bravo has done.
What a Corrida is about
If you are not familiar to Corridas, you will find here listed chronologically
everything that happens. So you may decide by yourself if you want to see one
when you are visiting Spain.
A Corrida starts with the paseillo, with everybody involved in the bullfight
entering the ring and presenting himself to the public.The toreros wears el traje
de luces, the suit of lights. Two Alguacilillos, on horse's back, direct themselves
to the presidency and symbolically ask for the keys to the "puerta de los
toriles". Behind that door there are the bulls.
With the door being opened and the first bull entering the ring the spectacle
starts. It consists of three parts, called tercios, being separated by horn-signals.
There are three matadores in each Corrida, by the way, and each will have to
torear two bulls.
In the first tercio the bullfighter uses the capote, a quite large cape of purple and
yellow color. Now enter two picadores, on horse's back and armed with a sort of
lance.
The second part is la suerte de banderillas. Three banderilleros have to stick a
pair of banderillas into the attacking bull's back.
In the final "suerte suprema" the bullfighter uses the muleta, a small red rag. He
has to show his faena, his masterity to dominate the bull, and to establish an
artistical symbiosis between man and beast. The Corrida ends with the matador
killing the bull by his sword, “la hora de la verdad”, the moment of truth.
Los grupos de Tunas de Madrid
12 grupos en total ( 12 tunas, ):
Tuna de Arquitectura Técnica de Madrid
Tuna de Informática de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros Aeronáuticos de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros de Caminos,Canales y
Puertos de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación
de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros Industriales de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros Navales de Madrid
Tuna de Ingenieros Técnicos Industriales de
Madrid
Tuna de Montes de Madrid
Tuna de Obras Públicas de Madrid
Tuna de Topografía de Madrid
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