Verbos
Irregulares en el
Presente
Español II
Irregular Verbs
 Some
verbs do not follow the regular
pattern and therefore are irregular.
 There are four types of irregular verbs that
we will discuss in this class.




Irregular “YO” form verbs
Stem-changing verbs
Verbs with spelling changes
“Super Irregular” Verbs
Irregular “YO” forms
 Some

1.
verbs are irregular only in the “yo” form.
This means that all other forms are conjugated normally.
YO-GO verbs
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
caer (to fall) – yo caigo
traer (to bring) – yo traigo
decir (to say/tell) – yo digo
hacer (to do/make) – yo hago
poner (to put/place) – yo pongo
salir (to leave/go out) – yo salgo
tener (to have) – yo tengo
valer (to be worth) – yo valgo
venir (to come) – yo vengo
Irregular “YO” forms
2.
C -> ZC Verbs
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
aparecer (to appear) – yo aparezco
conocer (to know – people or places) – yo conozco
crecer (to grow) – yo crezco
conducir (to drive) – yo conduzco
merecer (to deserve) – yo merezco
obedecer (to obey) – yo obedezco
producir (to produce) – yo produzco
traducir (to translate) – yo traduzco
Irregular “YO” forms
3.
Other “yo” changes
a)
b)
c)
d)
caber (to fit) – yo quepo
dar (to give) – yo doy
saber (to know – “how to” or facts) – yo sé
ver (to see) – yo veo
stem changing verbs
“shoe” or “boot” verbs
Stem-changing verbs
 The


stems of these verbs change when stressed.
“shoe” or “boot” verbs
The “nosotros” form does not change.
1. E->IE
2. E->I
a) cerrar (to close)
a) pedir (to ask for,
b) comenzar (to
request)
begin)
b) reír (to laugh)
c) empezar (to begin)
c) repetir (to repeat)*
d) pensar (to think)
d) servir (to serve)
e) perder (to lose)
e) seguir (to follow)
f) querer (to want)
f) sonreír (to smile)
g) sentir (to feel)
g) vestir (to dress)
h) tener (to have)
*The second “e”
changes.
More stem-changing verbs
3. O->UE
a) almorzar (to eat
lunch)
b) contar (to count)
c) costar (to cost)
d) dormir (to sleep)
e) morir (to die)
f) mover (to move)
g) poder (to be able)
h) soñar (to dream)
i) volver (to return, go
back)
4. U->UE: JUGAR
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
*Fill in the sentences with the correct
“yo” forms of the irregular verbs in
parenthesis.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Spelling Changes
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Verbos iregulares powerpoint