Agenda
• Warm-up: Wk 5 Day 3
– Have your homework out for a check grade (map
side).
• Grade Question side of the South America
Maps
• Africa: Physical Geography Notes
Remember World Map Activity parts 1-4 due
tomorrow in class as a test grade!
Sub Friday
• If you are on the list of students who behaved
badly for the sub you can expect:
– A referral with suggested punishment of ISS for a
day at least.
– A parent conference/call/email
– 5 days of detention where you will write a letter
apologizing to the sub and then paragraphs about
how your behavior was unacceptable and will
improve.
A Satellite View
General Facts:
• 2nd largest continent in land area
• 3 X size of the U.S.
• Separated from Europe by Mediterranean
Sea in the N.; on the E. by the Red Sea &
Indian Ocean; on the W. by the Atlantic
Ocean
Africa’s Size
4600
MILES
5
0
0
0
M
I
L
E
S
# Second largest continent  11,700,000 sq. mi.
# 10% of the world’s population.
# 2 ½ times the size of the U. S.
Bodies of Water:
• Nile River- world’s longest at 4,150 miles,
flows from C. Africa to Mediterranean Sea.
– Creates rich farmland after annual floods
• Others: Congo, Zambezi, & Niger
• Major lakes: Victoria, Taganyika, Nyasa –
East Africa
Mediterranean Sea
Bodies
Nile River
Of
L. Chad-->
Water
L. Albert-->
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika->
Indian Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Zambezi River
Limpopo River
Orange River
Pacific Ocean
The Mighty Nile River:
“Longest River in the World”
The Congo River Basin
# Covers 12% of the
continent.
# Extends over 9
countries.
# 2,720 miles long.
# 99% of the country
of Zaire is in the
Congo River basin.
The Niger River Basin
# Covers 7.5% of the continent.
# Extends over 10 countries.
# 2,600 miles long.
Hydroelectric Power
Mountains & Valleys:
• Atlas Mountains – N.-W. Africa
• Great Rift Valley – highlands in East Africa
= can be seen from space.
Mountains
&
Peaks
Δ Mt. Kenya
Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro
Valleys
&
Plains
Great Rift Valley
3,000 miles long
Seismic Activity in Africa
Deserts:
• Sahara- most of North Africa = world’s
largest
– Separates Africa N. & S. because it is
difficult to cross!
• Isolated sub-Sahara (s. of desert) from rest of the
world.
• Kalahari Desert – in far S. Africa
Libyan Desert
Deserts
Sahara Desert
Sahel
The Sahara Desert
Desertification
The Sahel
Africa:
The
“Tropical”
Continent
Tropic of Cancer
20° N
Equator 0°
Tropic of Capricorn
20° S
Tropical Rainforests:
• In C. and W. Africa = hot, humid with 60100 inches of rain a year.
– Thick forest & Jungle areas = hard to travel
• More plant & animal species than
anywhere else on Earth
African Rain Forest
# Annual rainfall of up to 17 ft.
# Rapid decomposition (very humid).
# Covers 37 countries.
# 15% of the land surface of Africa.
African Trade Winds
West Africa:
Home of our Hurricanes
Savannas:
• Covers much of Africa= tall, wild grass
with some trees (plains)
– Best area for growing crops, raising livestock,
& for wild animals.
– Most Africans live in the Savannas or along
the coast.
Vegetation Zones
The African Savannah:
13 million sq. mi.
Mt. Kilimanjaro:
Snow on the Equator?
Mediterranean Sea
The
Libyan Desert
Tropic of Cancer
20° N
Sahara Desert
Complete
Topography
Sahel
Nile River
L. Chad-->
Equator 0°
L. Albert-->
Δ Mt. Kenya
L. Victoria
Of
AFRICA
Δ Mt. Kilimanjaro
L. Tanganyika->
Indian
Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Zambezi River
Tropic of Capricorn
20° S
Limpopo River
Orange River
Pacific Ocean
Climate:
• Much is warm with hot summers and mild
winters.
• Rain varies from desert to tropical
rainforest.
Vegetation Zones
Notas de África
• Datos generales:
• 2 º continente más grande en extensión
territorial
• 3 veces el tamaño de los EE.UU.
• Separado de Europa por mar
Mediterráneo en el norte, por el este con
el Mar Rojo y el Océano Índico, al oeste
con el Océano Atlántico.
Desiertos:
• Sahara más de los más grandes del norte
de África = mundo
– Se separa África del Norte y del Sur, ya que
es difícil de cruzar!
• Aislado sub-Sahara (al sur de desierto) del resto
de la el mundo.
• Kalahari Desert - en el extremo sur de
África
Sabanas:
• Cubre gran parte de África = hierba alta,
con algunos árboles silvestres (llanuras)
– Lo mejor zona para el cultivo, la cría de
animales, y los animales salvajes.
– La mayoría de los africanos viven en las
sabanas o en la costa.
Selvas tropicales:
• En África Central y Occidental = caliente,
húmedo, con 60-100 pulgadas de lluvia al
año.
– Áreas forestales gruesos y Selva = difícil
viajar
– Más de plantas y especies animales que
cualquier otro lugar en la Tierra
Montañas y Valles:
• Atlas Mountains - Norte de África
Occidental
• Gran Valle del Rift - tierras altas en el este
de = puede ser vista desde el espacio.
Cuerpos de agua:
• Nile River-más largo del mundo en 4.150
millas, los flujos procedentes de África
central a Mar Mediterráneo.
– Crea ricas tierras de cultivo después de las
inundaciones anuales
• Otros: Congo, Zambezi, Níger y
• Los lagos importantes: Victoria,
Taganyika, Nyasa - África Oriental
Clima:
• Mucho es cálido, con veranos calurosos e
inviernos suaves.
• Lluvia varía desde el desierto hasta la
selva tropical.
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