What is the difference between Mood
and Tense?

Keep in mind that all verbs have tense
and mood.

Tense refers to present, past, future, etc.
Mood refers to the speaker’s attitude
toward the action.

The Indicative Mood

WHAT??????
 The Indicative mood is used to report
facts and things that are certain.
 You walk to school.
 Tú andas a la escuela.
 We speak English and Spanish.
 Hablamos inglés y español.
The Subjunctive Mood


The subjunctive mood is used to
express uncertainties.
These uncertainties come in the form of
impersonal expressions in this chapter.
 Can you give an example of in
impersonal expression?
Ejemplos:
Es importante
Es triste
Es necesario
Es raro que
There are more in your notes and practice
sheets for the week. Make note of them
for future use.
How do you know when to use this?
When a sentence starts with one of
those phrases AND the subject changes
after the que, the verb that goes with the
new subject will be in the subjunctive
mood.
 Another way to know when to use these
is by using the acronym, WEIRDO.
Each letter stands for another use.

WEIRDO



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


WWill / Wish
EEmotions
IImpersonal Expressions
RRequests
DDoubt or Denial
OOjalá
I will hand out a sheet with different
verbs in each category.
Ejemplos:



Espero que ustedes aprendan mucho
de la clase de español.
Mi madre quiere que yo haga los
quehaceres antes de salir.
Ojalá que el equipo de baloncesto gane
mucho este año.
¿Cómo se forma el sujuntivo?


Do you remember how to form formal
commands?
Just like those you begin with:
 1. Present tense yo form
 2. Drop the ‘o’
 3. Add the appropriate endings.
Subjunctive verb endings
-ar verbs
Yo
e
Tú
es
Él
e
Nosotros emos
Ellos
en

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
-er and –ir endings
Yo
a
Tú
as
Él
a
Nosotros amos
Ellos
an
Spelling Irregularities:




Remember the –car, gar, and zar spelling
changes:
car- qu, gar – gu, zar – c
Verbs ending in -cer and –cir have spelling
issues in the yo form in the present:
conocer - conozco
traducir - traduzco
Verbs like construir with the u at the end of the
stem will have a y added to the conjugated yo
form: construyo
Stem-changing verbs will follow the same
rules. No stem-change in the nosotros form.
 Volver – vuelva vuelvas vuelva volvamos vuelvan
Irregulars:

Ir- to go
 vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayan

Saber – to know a fact
 Sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan

Ser – to be
 Sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean

Dar – to give
 Dé, des, dé, demos, den

Remember that if a verb is irregular in the yo
form, it will have a somewhat irregular form
in the subjunctive.
Now, for your viewing pleasure!
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The Subjunctive Mood - Connect Seward County