El día de Independencia de México Yep, Mexicans celebrate Independence Day too! Of course, their independence day is different from ours! They have a unique way of celebrating their independence as well. In this Powerpoint, I will talk briefly about why September 16th is celebrated as Independence Day and how it is celebrated. Un poco historia… From the Conquista of México by Cortés, México, then called Nueva España, was ruled by España. By 1810, there were many things that made México a place ripe for revolution and independence from España. Social Inequality Upheaval in España Revolutions in Los Estados Unidos and Francia Famine in México One man had revolution on his mind… Padre Miguel de Hidalgo y Costilla, an intelligent and well-to-do Mexican priest, wanted to overthrow the Spanish for several reasons. He lost a lot of money to them. He lost a job he really liked. He hated how the Indians were treated. So, he started planning a revolution… But he got caught. Instead of giving up, he rallied his supporters in the small town of Dolores (near D.F.) and gave a moving speech. This speech is now called “El grito de Dolores”: The cry of Dolores. Padre Miguel de Hidalgo y Costilla Viva la Virgen de Guadalupe, Viva la América española, viva Fernando VII, viva México! viva México! viva México Well, it didn’t end well for Padre Hidalgo… but he did light the spark that eventually ended with México gaining independence in 1821. A bit more explanation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZFNHayrnav8 Celebraciones To begin the festivities, the President of México, Felipe Calderón, goes out to the balcony of his palace and leads the crowd in a rousing reenactment of “El grito de dolores”. As you’ll see in the videos, “el grito” requires crowd participation! 2010 marked the celebration of México’s bicentennial as well. The day is a national holiday…SO YOU WOULDN’T BE IN SCHOOL TODAY IF YOU WERE LIVING IN MEXICO! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axErSuqP_Kw Lo que dijo el presidente «¡Vivan los héroes que nos dieron patria! ¡Viva Hidalgo! ¡Viva Morelos! ¡Viva Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez! ¡Viva Allende! ¡Vivan Aldama y Matamoros! ¡Viva la Independencia nacional! ¡Viva el Bicentenario de la Independencia! ¡Viva el Centenario de la Revolución! ¡Viva México! ¡Viva México! ¡Viva México!"».