El día
de
Independencia
de
México
Yep, Mexicans celebrate
Independence Day too!
 Of course, their independence day is different from
ours!
 They have a unique way of celebrating their
independence as well.
 In this Powerpoint, I will talk briefly about why
September 16th is celebrated as Independence Day and
how it is celebrated.
Un poco historia…
 From the Conquista of México by Cortés, México, then
called Nueva España, was ruled by España.
 By 1810, there were many things that made México a
place ripe for revolution and independence from
España.




Social Inequality
Upheaval in España
Revolutions in Los Estados Unidos and Francia
Famine in México
One man had revolution on his
mind…
 Padre Miguel de Hidalgo y Costilla, an intelligent and
well-to-do Mexican priest, wanted to overthrow the
Spanish for several reasons.



He lost a lot of money to them.
He lost a job he really liked.
He hated how the Indians were treated.
So, he started planning a
revolution…
 But he got caught.
 Instead of giving up, he rallied his supporters in the
small town of Dolores (near D.F.) and gave a moving
speech.
 This speech is now called “El grito de Dolores”: The cry
of Dolores.
Padre Miguel de Hidalgo y Costilla
Viva la Virgen de
Guadalupe, Viva la
América española,
viva Fernando VII,
viva México! viva
México! viva México
Well, it didn’t end well for Padre
Hidalgo…
but he did light the spark
that eventually ended with
México gaining
independence in 1821.
A bit more explanation
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZFNHayrnav8
Celebraciones
 To begin the festivities, the President of México, Felipe
Calderón, goes out to the balcony of his palace and leads
the crowd in a rousing reenactment of “El grito de
dolores”.
 As you’ll see in the videos, “el grito” requires crowd
participation!
 2010 marked the celebration of México’s bicentennial as
well.
 The day is a national holiday…SO YOU WOULDN’T BE IN
SCHOOL TODAY IF YOU WERE LIVING IN MEXICO!
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axErSuqP_Kw
Lo que dijo el presidente
 «¡Vivan los héroes que nos dieron patria!
¡Viva Hidalgo! ¡Viva Morelos! ¡Viva Josefa
Ortiz de Domínguez! ¡Viva Allende! ¡Vivan
Aldama y Matamoros! ¡Viva la
Independencia nacional! ¡Viva el
Bicentenario de la Independencia! ¡Viva el
Centenario de la Revolución! ¡Viva México!
¡Viva México! ¡Viva México!"».
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El dieciséis de septiembre