Reflexive verbs
What do you think is a reflexive
verb?
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Los Verbos
Reflexivos
en español…
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I. Los Verbos Reflexivos
A person does as well as
receives the action…
In the reflexive construction,
the subject is also the object that receive
the action
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Subject:
Verb:
Object:
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Who does the action?
Who receives the action?
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Subject:
Verb:
Object:
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7
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Examples
•
•
•
•
The term reflexive verb verbs in Spanish
whose subject acts on itself – does the action
to itself. For example:
Marta brushes Ana’s hair.
María brushes her (own) hair.
In sentence one (i), Marta is the subject; the
verb is brushes; and the object is Ana’s hair. In
sentence two (ii), the subject is María; the verb
is brushes and the object is her own hair.
Sentence two (ii) would require the use of a
reflexive verb as María does the action to
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herself.
In other words…
• Reflexive verbs show what a person
does to him/herself.
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II. Use of se
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Acostarse
Bañarse
Cepillarse
Despertarse
Lavarse
Levantarse
Maquillarse
Peinarse
Quemarse
Sentarse
vs
Acostar
Bañar
Cepillar
Despertar
Lavar
Levantar
Maquillar
Peinar
Quemar
Sentar
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III. Reflexive Pronouns
• Reflexive verbs also use reflexive
pronouns which refer to the same person
or thing as the subject.
• What are the reflexive pronouns in
English?
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Reflexive Pronouns
The reflexive pronouns are:
• Me
myself
• Te
yourself(informal)
• Se
himself, herself, yourself (formal)
• nos
• os
ourselves
yourselves(informal in Spain)
• se
themselves, yourselves (formal)
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Reflexive pronouns
Yo
Tú
Él, ella,
Ud.
ME
Nosotros(as)
OS
TE
SE
NOS
Ellos,ellas,
Uds.
SE
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IV.Compare reflexive pronouns/
IOP/ DOP
IOP
DOP
REFLEXIVE
PRONOUN
YO
ME
ME
ME
Tú
TE
TE
TE
ELLA/UD./ÉL
LE
LO/ LA
SE
NOSOTROS
NOS
NOS
NOS
VOSOTROS
OS
OS
OS
ELLOS/ELLAS/UDS.
LES
L0S/LAS
SE
Respond to the
Question- who/to
Whom.
Respond to the
Question- what
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V. Posición de los
pronombres reflexivos:
1.
In front of a conjugated verb:
•
Me acuesto a las diez de la noche.
•
Me quiero acostar a las diez de la noche.
•
Me estoy acostando ahora mismo.
2.
Attached to a gerund:
•
Estoy acostándome ahora mismo.
•
Luisa está cepillándose los dientes.
3.
Attached to an infinitive:
•
Voy a acostarme ahora mismo.
•
Luisa va a cepillarse os dientes.
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Summarizing
Reflexive pronoun placement
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1. Reflexive Verbs
The reflexive object pronoun precedes the conjugated
verb.
•
Before the conjugated verb:
(1) Me acuesto a las diez y media cada noche.
I go to bed at 10:30 each night.
(2) Mi familia y yo nos desayunamos a las siete cada
mañana
My family and I have breakfast at 7:00 every morning.
•
In the two examples above, the reflexive pronouns (me and nos) go
before the conjugated verbs.
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3. Reflexive Verbs
The reflexive verb is however attached to the
infinitive. Examples:
• With the infinitive:
(1) Yo voy a cepillarme los dientes.
I am going to brush my teeth.
(2) Tú vas a cepillarte los dientes.
You are going to brush your teeth.
*In the two examples above, the reflexive pronouns ‘me’
and ‘te’ are attached to the infinitive.
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2. Reflexive Verbs
• The reflexive verb is however attached to the the
present participle:
(1) Yo estoy cepillándome los dientes.
I am brushing my teeth.
(2) Carlos está cepillándose.
Carlos is brushing his teeth.
* The reflexive pronouns ‘me’ and ‘se’ are attached
to the present participles.
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.Where are reflexive pronouns
placed in a sentence?
CONJUGATED
1. If the verb is ______________________,
then the pronoun will come
before the verb.
TE
For example, Tú __________
lavas el pelo.
AN INFINITIVE
2. If the verb is ______________________,
then the pronoun can
attach to the end of the verb.
For example, Tú tienes que lavar_____
el pelo.
TE
3. If the verb is ______________________,
then the pronoun will
IN COMMAND FORM
attach to the end of the command. This is not new!
For example, ¡Láva____
el pelo!
TE
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* NOTE: Possessive adjectives (mi, tu, su,
nuestro, vuestro, su) are not used to show
ownership when reflexive verbs are used.
The use of the reflexive verb implies
ownership already.
•
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Reflexive Verbs
Lavarse las manos – to wash one’s hands
Yo me lavo las manos.
Nosotros nos lavamos las manos
Tú te lavas las manos
Vosotros os laváis las manos
Él
Ella
Ud.
se lava las manos
Ellos
Ellas se lavan las manos
Uds.
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Reflexive Sentence
Structure
subject + reflexive pronoun +
verb (conjugated) + rest of the
sentence
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VII. How do I conjugate a reflexive
verb?
Look at the infinitive, lavarse. What verb do you notice?
__________________
1. Take off the “se” and conjugate it like you normally do.
2. Add a reflexive pronoun.
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The Verb
•The verb is conjugated as it normally would be
it present tense. Just drop the –se and you will
be left with the infinitive.
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14 of the 26 reflexive verbs are
regular –AR or –ER/-IR verbs.
afeitarse, bañarse, lavarse,
levantarse, quitarse, quejarse,
aburrirse, etc
That means that after the –AR of the
infinitive is removed, we’ll add -o, -as,
-a, -amos, -an.
For aburrirse, we’ll use -o, -es, -e,
-imos, -en added to the stem.
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AFEITARSE (to shave oneself)
Me afeito
Te afeitas
Se afeita
Nos afeitamos
Se afeitan
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BAÑARSE (to bathe oneself)
Me baño
Te bañas
Se baña
Nos bañamos
Se bañan
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LAVARSE (to wash oneself)
Me lavo
Te lavas
Se lava
Nos lavamos
Se lavan
El chico se lava las manos.
La chica se lava el pelo.
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LEVANTARSE (to get oneself up)
Me levanto
Te levantas
Se levanta
Nos levantamos
Se levantan
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MIRARSE (To look at oneself)
Me miro
Te miras
Se mira
Nos miramos
Se miran
Ella se mira
en el espejo.
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QUITARSE (to take off of oneself)
Me
Te
Se
Nos
Se
quito
quitas
quita
quitamos
quitan
Un chico se quita la camisa.
El otro se quita la chaqueta.
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ABURRIRSE
me aburro
te aburres
se aburre
nos aburrimos
se aburren
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The other 8 reflexive verbs
have some kind of irregularity.
ACOSTARSE and PROBARSE are
o  ue stem-changing.
DESPERTARSE , SENTARSE , and
DIVERTIRSE are
e ie stem-changing.
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VESTIRSE and REÍRSE are
e i stem-changing.
PONERSE
has a “g” in the “yo” form
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ACOSTARSE (to lay oneself
down. “to go to bed”)
Me acuesto
Te acuestas
Se acuesta
Nos acostamos
Se acuestan
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DESPERTARSE (to wake up
yourself)
Me despierto
Te despiertas
Se despierta
Nos despertamos
Se despiertan
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SENTARSE (to sit down)
me siento
te sientas
se sienta
nos sentamos
se sientan
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VESTIRSE (to dress oneself; to get
dressed)
Me visto
Te vistes
Se viste
Nos vestimos
Se visten
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REÍRSE
me río
te ríes
se ríe
nos reímos
se ríen
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PONERSE (to put on oneself)
Me pongo
Te pones
Se pone
Nos ponemos
Se ponen
El chico se pone los zapatos.
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DIVERTIRSE (to have fun!)
me divierto
te diviertes
se divierte
nos divertimos
se divierten
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Por ejemplo:
• Yo me levanto a las ocho de la mañana.
I get up at eight in the morning.
• Ella se despierta muy temprano.
She wakes up very early.
• ¿A qué hora te desayunas cada día?
At what time do you have breakfast every day?
• Mis hermanas se maquillan en su cuarto.
My sisters put on makeup in their room.
• Nosotros nos acostamos muy tarde.
We go to bed very late.
• Pepito se baña en el baño.
Pepito takes a bath in the bathroom.
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How do you form these verbs?
levantarse
1. Conjugate the verb as always…
2. Add the reflexive pronouns…
me
levanto
nos levantamos
te
levantas
os
levantáis
se
levanta
se
levantan
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despertarse (ie)
me
despierto
nos
despertamos
te
despiertas
os
despertáis
se
despierta
se
despiertan
vestirse (i)
me
visto
nos
vestimos
te
vistes
os
vestís
se
viste
se
visten
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acostarse (ue)
me
acuesto
nos
acostamos
te
acuestas
os
se
acuesta
se
acuestan
acostáis
cepillarse
me
cepillo
nos
te
cepillas
os
cepilláis
se
cepilla
se
cepillamos
cepillan
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Don‘t Forget
• Remove the –se before conjugating.
• Conjugate the verb as you would
conjugate any present tense verb.
• The reflexive pronoun goes BEFORE the
conjugated verb.
• Don’t get tripped up by those stemchanging verbs…they still change!
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¿Puedes contestar estas preguntas…?
¿A qué hora te despiertas por la mañana?
¿Te sientes bien o mal hoy?
¿Estás desayunándote ahora mismo?
¿Quieres acostarte ahora?
¿Quién en tu familia se maquilla?
¿Uds. se lavan las manos antes de comer?
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¿Cómo se dice en español?
My mother puts my sister to bed early.
I am going to get up early tomorrow.
We have to bathe the dog now.
My sister is combing her hair right now.
My friends want to sit in the library.
I wash the dishes in the kitchen.
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More practice
1.
2.
3.
4.
Maria (arreglarse) el pelo.
Juan y Jose (afeitarse) por la mañana.
Nosotros (despertarse) a las seis de la mañana.
Vosotros (ducharse) despues de (cepillarse) los
dientes.
5. Los estudiantes (lavarse) la cara.
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Las Repuestas
1. Maria se arregla el pelo.
2. Juan y Jose se afeitan por la mañana.
3. Nosotros nos depertamos a las seis de la
mañana.
4. Vosotros os ducháis despues de
cepillaros los dientes.
5. Los estudiantes se lavan la cara.
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… un poco de vocabulario
el espejo
la toalla
el maquillaje
el desodorante
la ducha
la tina
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List of Reflexive Verbs
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
ponerse + article of clothing – to put on
bañarse – to bathe
ducharse – to (take a) shower
cepillarse los dientes – to brush one’s
teeth
afeitarse – to shave
peinarse – to comb one’s hair
levantarse – to get up
despertarse (e-i) – to wake up
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List of Reflexive Verbs
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
acostarse (o-ue) – to go to bed
dormirse (o-ue) to fall asleep
vestirse (e-i) – to get dressed
cortarse el pelo – to cut one’s hair
desayunarse – to have breakfast
almorzarse – to have lunch
enojarse – to get upset
burlarse de – to laugh at
quejarse – to complain
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Why are they called
“reflexive”?
• Reflexive verbs indicate that the
subject is doing the action to
himself! Think of your reflection:
What do you see?
• For example: I take a shower or I
shower myself.
• I am doing the action to myself.
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• When the verb should not be conjugated
(after “de” or next to another
conjugated verb), attach the –se to the
infinitive.
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