Sra. McAvene
 You
have encountered some verbs that end in
–se.
 These
are called reflexive verbs.
 Examples:
 Despertarse (to wake up)
 Acostarse (to go to bed)
 Ducharse (to take a shower)
 Lavarse (to wash oneself
 Reflexive
verbs indicate that the subject is
involved in the action.
 For
example: I take a shower or I shower
myself.
I
am doing the action to myself.
This term, which sounds more difficult than it really
is, simply means that the verb flexes back upon
the noun or pronoun that is its subject. In English
the reflexive pronoun always has -self on its end,
and we do not use the construction very
frequently.
In other languages, however, reflexive forms
may be used more frequently, and in ways that
do not seem very logical to an English speaker.
Examples of English reflexive sentences:
"He washes himself. “
"He seated himself at the table."
 subject



+
reflexive pronoun +
verb +
rest of the sentence
 subject
+ reflexive pronoun + verb +
rest of the sentence
Yo
me
Nosotros nos
Tu
te
Vosotros os
Ud.
Se
El se
Ella se
Uds. se
Ellos se
Ellas se
The
verb is conjugated as
it normally would be in
the present tense. Just
drop the –se and you will
be left with the infinitive.
The
same verb can
be reflexive or not
reflexive. When do
you use one versus
the other?
In the reflexive
construction,
the subject is
also the object
A person does
as well as
receives the
action…
The subject,
the pronoun
and
the verb are all
in the same
form…
Conjugate the verb as
always…
Levanto
levantamos
.
Levantas
levantais
Levanta
levantan
Me
nos
Te
os
Se
se
Me
lavo
nos lavamos
Te
lavas
os lavais
Se
lava
se lavan
**It is not necessary to use
the subject pronoun.
1.
In front of a conjugated verb:
•
•
•
2.
Attached to an “ing” form:
•
•
3.
Me acuesto a las diez de la noche.
Me quiero acostar a las diez de la noche.
Me estoy acostando ahora mismo.
Estoy acostándome ahora mismo.
Luisa está cepillándose los dientes.
Attached to an infinitive:
•
•
Voy a acostarme ahora mismo.
Luisa va a cepillarse os dientes.
 Acostarse
 Acostar
 Bañarse
 Bañar
 Cepillarse
 Cepillar
 Despertarse
 Despertar
 Lavarse
 Lavar
 Levantarse
 Levantar
 Maquillarse
 Maquillar
 Peinarse
 Peinar
 Quemarse
 Quemar
 Sentarse
 Sentar
Reflexive verbs are used
mainly with verbs that
pertain to ones daily
routine.
Other times they may give
the verb a totally different
Meaning.
Dormir – to sleep
Dormirse – to fall asleep
Caer – to fall
Caerse – to fall down
*Some describe a change of state and carry the additional
meaning of “to get” or “to become”
Some Common Reflexives:
Enojarse
aburrirse
Ponerse
cansarse
Examples:
Me aburro mucho.
Te cansas.
Se puso enojado.
Nos enojamos.
I became very bored.
You became tired.
He became angry.
We became angry.
When action is done to oneself – use
reflexive---
El chico se cepilla los dientes.
When action is done to someone else
Do not use the reflexive---
El dentista cepilla los dientes.
Ejemplos:
Por la mañana Pepe se
despierta a las seis.
Ejemplos:
Pero no se levanta hasta
diez minutos después.
Ejemplos:
Después de bañarse, él va
a la cocina y se desayuna.
Ejemplos:
Toma café y va al baño.
Se cepilla los dientes.
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se
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Fa
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True
False
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False
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ue
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Fa
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2.
True
False
Tr
ue
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Fa
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2.
True
False
Tr
ue
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True
False
Tr
ue
1.
19
20
 levantarse
 Yo
(to get up)
me levanto a las siete.
I get up at seven. (Literally: I get myself up
at seven)
 Tú te levantas a las siete.
You get up at seven. (Literally: You get
yourself up at seven)
 (despertarse)
- Los días de trabajo, Lorena
se despierta a las cinco.
 (levantarse) - Ella se levanta a las siete y
cuarto.
 (ducharse) - Primero, ella va al baño donde
se ducha por diez minutos.
 (bañarse) - Cuando ella tiene más tiempo, se
baña.
 (secarse)(peinarse) - Después, se seca bien
todo el cuerpo y se peina.
 (vestirse)(pintarse)(ponerse)
- Entonces,
Lorena se viste, se pinta la cara y se pone un
poco de perfume.
 (lavarse) - Luego ella se lava los dientes y
sale de casa.
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OS
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0
NO
S
5.
0
SE
4.
0
TE
3.
0
E
2.
ME
TE
SE
NOS
OS
M
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ME
TE
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NOS
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M
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ME
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ME
TE
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NOS
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M
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ME
TE
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NOS
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TE
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ME
TE
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NOS
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2.
ME
TE
SE
NOS
OS
M
1.
20
 Cepillarse
 To
brush (hair or
teeth)
 Dormirse
 To
fall asleep
 Acostarse
 To
go to bed
 Banarse
 To
take a bath
 Peinarse
 To
comb one’s hair
 Afeitarse
 To
shave
 Ducharse
 To
shower
 Lavarse
 To
wash oneself
 Cortarse
 To
cut oneself
 Desayunarse
 To
eat breakfast
 Levantarse
 To
get up
 Despertarse
 To
wake up
 Sentarse
 To
sit down
 Sentirse
 To
feel
 Casarse
 To
get married
 Mirarse
 To
look at oneself
 Maquillarse
 To
put on makeup
 Divertirse
 To
have fun
 Ponerse
 To
put on clothing
 Quitarse
 To
take off
clothing
 Llamarse
 To
be called
 Enojarse
 To
get angry
 Descansarse
 To
rest
 Secarse
 To
dry oneself or
hair
 Darse
 To
prisa
be in a hurry
 Vestirse
 To
get dressed
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reflexive turning po..