The structure of
a sentence
Sentences always have a subject
What is a subject?
 Someone or something that is being
described or is doing something.
For example:
 The dog runs in the park.
 Sasha is my best friend.
 He is very funny.
And the same goes for Spanish…
For example:
 El perro corre en el parque.
The dog runs in the park.
 Sasha es mi mejora amiga.
Sasha is my best friend.
 Él es muy cómico.
He is very funny.
Sentences always have a verb
What is a verb?
 An action word that says what the subject is
doing.
For example:
 The dog runs in the park.
 Sasha is my best friend.
 He is very funny.
And the same goes for Spanish…
For example:
 El perro corre en el parque.
The dog runs in the park.
 Sasha es mi mejora amiga.
Sasha is my best friend.
 Él es muy cómico.
He is very funny.
In both English and Spanish, subjects
can be replaced by pronouns
 José walks home. → He walks home.
 José camina a casa. → Él camina a casa.
NOTE: In English, sentences ALWAYS have a subject or a
pronoun… but in Spanish, the subject or pronoun can
be left out if everyone knows who you are talking about.
They may be included for emphasis or clarification.
 María is from Spain. She is my friend.
 María es de España. Es mi amiga.
What are the subject
pronouns?
Singular
plural
I = Yo
We = Nosotros
You (informal) = Tú
You all (informal Spain) = Vosotros
He = Él
She = Ella
You (formal ) = Usted
They (males) = Ellos
They (females) = Ellas
You all (formal) = Ustedes
FIN
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Sasha is my best friend.