*
Avancemos 2 Unidad 2 Lección 1
* Demonstratives show distance in relationship to the speaker.
In
other words, they show if something is close to, not so close, or
far away from the speaker.
* There are both demonstrative adjectives and demonstrative
pronouns. We will begin by learning demonstrative adjectives.
* Demonstrative adjectives are used to describe how close
something or someone (a noun) is to you.
* Examples in English of demonstrative adjectives
* This car – (close to the speaker)
* That car – (not so close to the speaker)
* That car (over there) – (far away from the speaker)
*
*Demonstrative adjectives appear
before the noun. (this, these, that,
those)
*This dog/that dress/those gloves
etc
*In Spanish, they agree in gender
and number with the noun they
describe.
*
* This ring = Este anillo
* This shirt = Esta camisa
* These rings = Estos anillos
* These shirts = Estas camisas
* That ring = Ese anillo
* That shirt = Esa camisa
* Those rings = Esos anillos
* Those shirts = Esas camisas
* That shirt (over there) = Aquella
* That ring (over there) = Aquel anillo
* Those rings (over there) = Aquellos
anillos
camisa
* Those shirts (over there) = Aquellas
camisas
*
These are the Spanish demonstrative adjectives:
Close
Singular
Not Close
Far Away
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
Masculine
Feminine
This
This
That
That
That
That
este
esta
ese
esa
aquel
aquella
These
These
Those
Those
Those
Those
estos
estas
esos
esas
aquellos
aquellas
Plural
Examples: These tickets - _____ boletos. Boletos is masculine plural (los boletos).
The word “these” indicates that they are close. Therefore, these tickets = Estos
boletos.
That suitcase (over there) - _____ maleta. Maleta is feminine singular (la maleta).
The words “that” (over there) indicate that it is far away from the speaker.
Therefore, that suitcase (over there) = Aquella maleta.
* Some students confuse the “close” and “not so close”
demonstratives because they look so similar.
* A good way to remember which order they go in is
with the following little rhyme:
“This and these have “T’s”
(este/esta etc)
That and those don’t
(ese/esa etc)
Far away begins with an “A”
(aquel/aquellas etc)
*
1.
That ____ oficina de turismo (far away)
1.
Aquella
2.
These ____ aretes.
2.
Estos
3.
Those _____premios.
3.
Esos
4.
This _____ pista.
4.
Esta
5.
Those ______ uniformes (far away)
5.
Aquellos
6.
That ______ maleta
6.
Esa
7.
Those ______ boletos
7.
Esos
8.
Those ______ chicas
8.
Esas
9.
That ____ equipo
9.
Ese
10.This ____ gol
10.Este
*
1. This museum
2. Those keys (far away)
3. That ring
4. That necklace (far away)
5. These postcards
6. That souvenir
7. These handicrafts
8. Those suitcases (far away)
9. That airport
10.This ticket
11.Those taxis
12.These tourists (m)
13.That elevator (far away)
14.This hotel room
1. Este museo
2. Aquellas llaves
3. Ese anillo
4. Aquel collar
5. Estas tarjetas postales
6. Ese recuerdo
7. Estas artesanías
8. Aquellas maletas
9. Ese aeropuerto
10.Este boleto
11.Esos taxis
12.Estos turistas
13.Aquel ascensor
14.Esta habitación
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Demonstrative Adjectives