-AR Verbs
• In Spanish, there are
three classes (or
conjugations) of verbs:
those that end in –AR,
those that end in –ER,
and those that end in –IR.
• This is important because
the conjugation
determines the endings
you put on the verbs.
-AR Verbs
• Let’s look at an
example, the verb
DESCANSAR,
which means “to
rest.” It ends in –AR,
so it is included in this
class.
DESCANSAR
• The verb can be split into
two parts:
• The base: DESCANS• The infinitive ending: -AR
DESCANSAR
• Now let’s say “I
rest.”
• Start with the base:
DESCANS• When you talk about
yourself, add –O.
DESCANSAR
• yo descanso
DESCANSAR
• Now let’s talk about
you. When the
subject is tú, you add
–AS (remember that
it’s an –AR verb).
DESCANSAR
• tú descansas
DESCANSAR
• When we talk about
él, ella, or usted, we
just add an –A.
DESCANSAR
• él descansa
• ella descansa
• Ud. descansa
DESCANSAR
• When the subject is
“we,” add –AMOS to
the base.
DESCANSAR
• Nosotros descansamos
DESCANSAR
• When the subject is
ellos, ellas, or ustedes
(more than one
person, but the
speaker is not part of
the group), add –AN
to the base.
DESCANSAR
• ellos descansan
• ellas descansan
• Uds. descansan
So what now?
• Any time you encounter a
regular -AR verb, the
endings to attach to the
base will be the same!
• yo -o
• tú -as
• él -a
• ella -a
• usted -a
• nosotros -amos
• ellos -an
• ustedes -an
Let’s Practice!
> HABLAR
• yo _______
• tú _______
• él ________
• nosotros ________
• ellos _______
HABLAR
•
•
•
•
•
yo hablo
tú hablas
él habla
nosotros hablamos
ellos hablan
COMPRAR
•
•
•
•
•
yo _______
tú _______
ella ________
nosotros ________
ellas _______
COMPRAR
•
•
•
•
•
yo compro
tú compras
ella compra
nosotros compramos
ellas compran
ESTUDIAR
•
•
•
•
•
yo _______
tú _______
ella ________
tú y yo ________
Uds. _______
ESTUDIAR
•
•
•
•
•
yo estudio
tú estudias
ella estudia
tú y yo estudiamos
Uds. estudian
• Reminder: did you
remember to keep the
–i as part of the base?
More –AR Verbs
• Here are some more verbs
that work in exactly the
same way:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
caminar
escuchar
esquiar
llegar
mirar
montar
nadar
regresar
sacar
tomar
trabajar
What’s Next?
• You’re now ready to
take on the two
remaining verb
classes, the –ER and
–IR conjugations
(Exercise #4).
• Don’t worry!
They’re easy!!
Descargar

-AR Verbs