esp3
¿POR? ¿PARA?
“HOW DO YOU SAY ‘FOR’?”
Just as SER and ESTAR both mean ‘to be’ and
CONOCER and SABER both mean ‘to know’,
there are TWO ways of saying “FOR”
AND, as with SER or ESTAR and CONOCER or
SABER, it is the MESSAGE you are
communicating that determines which word is
required
OPTIONS?
both PARA and POR mean “FOR” in Spanish, it
depends what meaning ‘behind’ “FOR” you are
trying to communicate
PARA
Deadline (‘by’ a time)
 In order to (so that)
 In the employ of (to work for)
 Used for (intended use)
 Destination (for whom intended)
 In spite of being
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Let’s look at each use individually . . .
PARA - - - -DEADLINE (‘BY’ A TIME)
El ensayo es para jueves (The essay is for
Thursday) –
 The essay is DUE on Thursday, Thursday is the
DEADLINE to hand in the essay
 La fiesta está para el sábado (The party is
Saturday) –
 The time/date of the party (deadline) is
Saturday

PARA – IN ORDER TO (SO THAT)
Estudia para ser abogada. (She studies in order
to be (so that she can be) a lawyer)
 PARA demonstrates the PURPOSE

PARA – IN THE EMPLOY OF (WORK FOR)

Él trabaja para Xerox (He works for [in the
employ] of Xerox)
PARA – USED FOR (INTENDED USE)
Es una taza para té (it’s a cup for tea [it’s
intended use is for tea])
 Es una máquina para clasificar cartas (it’s a
machine for sorting letters [it was created with
the intent of sorting letters])

PARA - - DESTINATION (FOR WHOM INTENDED)

Vamos para la playa (we’re headed for the
beach [our destination is the beach])

Este regalo es para Roberto (this gift is for
Roberto {the gift is intended for Roberto})
PARA – IN SPITE OF BEING

Habla bien para tener 2 años. (she speaks well
in spite of being 2 years old)

This use of PARA is a result of being
SURPRISED – that you wouldn’t expect the
situation to be what it is
PHRASES CON ‘PARA’

Para sí = for oneself

Para siempre = for always/forever

Para + infinitivo = ‘Just about to’
POR = FOR . . . .








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
For the sake of (motive)
In exchange for ($)
Because (reason; due to)
To take for/mistake for
In place of/ instead of
Along, through, by (motion)
Per (rate [$], [#])
Extent of time/duration of time
By (author/creator)
By (transportation)
POR - - FOR THE SAKE OF (MOTIVE)

He venido por el dinero (I’ve come for the
money)

Va al trabajo andando por el ejercicio (She
walks to work for the exercise)
POR - - -IN EXCHANGE FOR ($)

Pagué $15 por el libro (I paid $15 for the book)

Mi hijo me da una sonrisa por un beso (my son
gives me a smile for a kiss)
POR - - -BECAUSE (REASON; DUE TO)

Lo echaron por llegar tarde (they fired him for
[due to] arriving late)

Por ser tan amable, te invito a tomar algo
(because you’re so nice [due to being so nice], I
invite you for a drink)
POR - - - TO TAKE FOR/MISTAKE FOR

Me tomaron por española cuando viví en
Valladolid (they mistook me for [thought I was]
a Spaniard when I lived in Valladolid)

**TOMAR = to take
POR - - - IN PLACE OF/INSTEAD OF

Susana trabaja por Luisa hoy (Susana is
working instead of Luisa today)

Estoy enferma, ¿puedes venir a la reunión por
mí? (I’m sick, can you go to the meeting for
me?)
POR - - ALONG, THROUGH, BY

Andamos por la playa (we walk along the
beach)

Viajamos por Filadelfía (we travel through
Philadelphia)
POR - - - PER (RATE)

Ayer, pagué $3.69 por galón de gasolina
(yesterday, I paid $3.69 per gallon of gas)

Te pagan $7.25 por hora (they pay you $7.25
per hour)
POR - - -EXTENT OF TIME (DURATION)

Rebekah estará en Orizaba, México por 10
semanas (Rebekah will be in Orizaba, México
for 10 weeks)
POR - - - ‘BY’ (AUTHOR/CREATOR)

El Quijote fue escrito por Cervantes (Quijote
was written by Cervantes)

Guernica fue pintado por Picasso (Guernica
was painted by Picasso)
POR - - - ‘BY’ (TRANSPORTATION)

No me gusta viajar por barco (I don’t like to
travel by boat)

Van a Nueva York por autobús (they travel to
New York by bus)
POR - - -UNAS FRASES
Por fin = finally
 Por lo menos = at least
 Por ejemplo = for example
 Por toda (mi/tu/etc) vida = for all (my/your) life
 Por Dios = my God!
 Por casualidad – by chance
 Por lo tanto = therefore

POR - - -MÁS FRASES
Por supuesto – of course, naturally
 Por eso = therefore, for that reason
 Por ningún lado = no where
 Por lo general = generally

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por para notes - Sra. Wright Spanish