Quasimodo: Traducir (saber v.
concocer)

You (s. formal) know my mom.
 Usted

They know Spain really well.
 Ellos

conoce a mi madre.
conocen bien España.
We know how to swim.
 Nosotros

sabemos nadar.
He knows where your brother lives.
 Él
sabe dónde tu hermano vive.
Saber vs Conocer

Saber:
 To
know how to do something (saber + infinitive)
 To know a fact or information

Conocer:
 To
know a person
 To know a place (country or city)
Possessive Adjectives:







Mi(s) – My
Tu(s) – Your (s. informal)
Su(s) – His, her, your (s. formal)
Nuestro/a(s) – our
Vuestro/a(s) – your (p. inf)
Su(s) – their, your (p. form)
Remember: PICK based on WHO possesses then
MATCH gender/# to WHAT is being possessed.
DIRECT AND INDIRECT
OBJECTS:
Direct Objects:

What is a direct object?
 It
is the object that receives the action of the verb.
 Answers the questions “what?” or “who?”
 Can be a person or a thing.
Direct Object Pronouns (DOP)
Me
Nos
Te
Os
Lo/la
Los/las
Lo/la
Los/las
Indirect Objects

What is an indirect object?
 The
object that tells us where the direct object is going
(sometimes this is implied)
 Answers to the question “to whom” or “for whom?”
 Usually is a person (but not always)
 NOTE: Indirect objects ALWAYS work with an indirect
object pronoun (IOP) even if the IO is explicitly given in
the sentence.
Indirect Object Pronouns (IOP)
Me
Nos
Te
Os
Le
Les
Le
Les
Location of the DOP or IOP

If there is one conjugated verb:
Before the conjugated verb
 Example: Yo te doy la falda. (I give you the skirt)


If there are 2 verbs working together:
Before the conjugated verb OR attached to the end of the
second verb/present participle
 Example: Te quiero comprar un regalo. OR Quiero comprarte un
regalo. (I want to buy you a gift)


NOTE: If you add a DOP or IOP to the end of a present
participle (-ing word) you need to add an accent to the “a”
of “–ando” or the “e” of “–iendo”

Example: Estoy diciéndote la verdad (I am telling you the truth.)
DOP + IOP practice (on their own):

They want them (the hats).
 Ellos

los quieren.
We need you on our team.
 Nosotros

Your mom buys your brother a new shirt.
 Tu

te necesitamos en nuestro equipo.
madre le compra una camisa nueva a tu hermano.
I need to read a book to Taylor.
 Yo
necesito leerle un libro a Taylor.
 Yo le necesito leer un libro a Taylor.
R.I.D.



We’ll be covering what exactly Reflexive pronouns are
soon. If you have more than one pronoun of these
pronouns working in a sentence you follow the R.I.D
order for the pronouns: Reflexive, Indirect, Direct
Note: If you have 2 pronouns added to the end of a
verb or present participle you need to put an accent on
the vowel that is part of the verb ending as well as
watching for accents with the present participle.
Examples:
 Ustedes me lo dan.
 Nosotros te lo decimos.
 Ellos quieren decírmelo.
Markerboards!

I tell you (s. inf.) it (the truth).


We give y’all (informal) them.


Yo te la digo.
Nosotros os los damos.
They are giving us them.
Ellos están dándonoslos.
 Ellos nos los están dando.


You (s. inf.) want to give it (the book) to me.
Tú quieres dármelo.
 Tú me lo quieres dar.

“La La Rule”


When both pronouns begin with the letter “L” you
need to switch the first pronoun to “se”
Examples:
 You
give her it (the ball)
 Tú
le la das.  Tú se la das.
 We
give them it (the book):
 Nosotros
les lo damos  Nosotros se lo damos.
Markerboards:

I say it to them.
 Yo

les lo digo.  Yo se lo digo(a ellos).
You all (formal) give it to them.
 Ustedes

les lo dan.  Ustedes se lo dan (a ellos).
We want to give it to her.
le lo queremos dar.  Nosotros se lo
queremos dar (a ella).
 Nosotros queremos dárlelo.  Nosotros quermos
dárselo (a ella).
 Nosotros
DOP + IOP practice:

I buy it.
 Yo

lo compro.
They want to buy it for you.
 Ellos
quieren comprártelo.
 Ellos te lo quieren comprar.

We are buying the skirt for her.
 Nosotros
estamos comprándole la falda (a ella).
 Nosotros le estamos comprándo la falda (a ella).
Tarea:

Get ready for the vocab quiz tomorrow!
 Covers
all the vocab up to now (part 1 + verbs) AND
vocab part 3 (main focus on vocab part 3)
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