DIRECT AND INDIRECT
OBJECT PRONOUNS
REPASO
1.
2.
3.
4.




He spoke to us for 2 hours!
We bought them. (los zapatos)
I saw it! (la película)
I am going to do it. (la tarea)
Él nos habló por dos horas.
Los compramos.
La vi.
Voy a hacerla.
DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS
Remember:
You use DOP when you don’t want to keep
repeating the noun (replaces the noun).
They are used to say:
me
you
it/him/her
us
them
For example:
Shut the door
vs. Shut it.
I bought shoes. vs. I bought them.
I have seen John. vs. I have seen him.
*You are replacing the noun with a
pronoun to make it shorter and to
avoid repetition.
DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS (DOP):
Me
Te
Lo/La
Nos
Os
Los/Las
PRONOUN PLACEMENT:
They are placed
1) before a conjugated verb,
or
2) added on to an infinitive.
EJEMPLOS/PRÁCTICA
Comemos tacos. => Los comemos.
Abrí la puerta.
=> La abrí.
Hice la tarea.
=> La hice.
Voy a comprar el coche. => Voy a comprarlo.
*Leo los libros.  ?
= Los leo.
*Vi la película.  ?
= La vi.
PRÁCTICA
1)
2)
3)
4)
¿Comiste la cena?
¿Bebiste el jugo?
¿Comiste los duraznos?
¿Lavaste los platos?
INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS (IOP)
Indirect Object Pronouns replace or
accompany indirect object nouns.
They are used to say:
“To or for” (me, you, him/her, us, them)
IOP
Indirect Object Pronouns:
Me
Te
*Le
Nos
Os
*Les
IOP
Basically, the indirect object of
a sentence tells:
where the direct object of the
sentence is going, or
 to whom the action is being
done
IOP
So, to figure out what the indirect
object of a sentence is, ask:
1) Where is the object going?
2) To whom or for whom is the
action being done?
John gives the book to Sara.
 So, the IO is? =
Sara!
WHAT´S THE IO?
Sara buys a rose for John.
The IO = John
The waiter gave the bill to Larry.
The IO = Larry
The teacher speaks to me.
The IO = me
Once you know what the IO of the
sentence is, you can then replace it
with an IOP:
Me
Te
Le
Nos
Os
Les
John gives the book to Mary.
Juan da el libro a Mary.
IO = Mary.
IOP for Mary = “le”
Juan le da el libro. = Juan gives her the book.
Juan le da el libro a Mary. (to clarify)
RE-WRITE (USING PRONOUNS)
*El mesero sirvió la comida a nosotros.
IOP for nosotros = “nos”
El mesero nos sirvió la comida.
*Mi padre habló a mi.
 IOP for “a mi” = “me”
Mi padre me habló.
PRÁCTICA
The teacher spoke to me. =
El maestro me habló.
The teacher spoke to us.
El maestro nos habló.
The teacher spoke to them.
El maestro les habló.
PRÁCTICA
1.
2.
3.
4.
The waiter brings us the food.
We sang to him.
They bought me a car.
The teacher told me “no.”
El
mesero nos trae la comida.
Le cantamos.
Me compraron un coche.
El maestro me dijo “no”.
1) I would buy it, but I don’t have
the money. (el iPhone)
2) We would do it, but it is difficult.
(la tarea)
3) Could you help me?
4) Could you sing to us, please?
TAREA
INFORMAL COMMANDS / REVIEW
To form the AFFIRMATIVE:


AR Verbs = “-a”
ER/IR Verbs = “-e”
To form the NEGATIVE:

*First think of the YO FORM/PRESENT TENSE:

AR Verbs = “-es”
ER/IR Verbs = “-as”

INFORMAL COMMANDS / REVIEW
Eat =
Come
Don’t eat =
No comas
Cook =
Cocina
Don’t cook =
No cocines
INFORMAL COMMANDS / REVIEW
When using PRONOUNS with command forms:
Put the pronouns:
1) At the END of an AFFIRMATIVE
2) BEFORE a NEGATIVE
Eat them (french fries) =
Comelas
Don’t eat them =
No las comas
INFORMAL COMMANDS / REVIEW
Cut them! (las cebollas)
¡Cortalas!
Don’t cut them! (las cebollas)
¡No las cortes!
Boil it! (el agua) (*hervir = to boil)
¡Hiérvelo!
Don’t boil it! (el agua)
¡No lo hiervas!
PRÁCTICA
Bring us the bill!
¡Traenos la cuenta!
Buy us dinner!
¡Cómpranos cena!
Don´t leave it! (la propina)
¡No la dejes!
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
You can use both a DIRECT and
INDIRECT pronoun in the same
sentence.
When doing this, always put the
IOP FIRST, followed by the DOP.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
Example:
Bring it to us! (la cuenta)
¡Traenosla!
Don´t bring it to us!
¡No nos la traigas!
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
However =
 when you have “le / les”
followed by “lo/la/los/la”….
you must change the “le/les” to
“se”.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
Example:
I left it for him. (la propina)
= Yo le la dejé.
= Yo se la dejé.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
Example:
I recommend it to you, sir
(Ud). (el postre)
Yo se lo recomiendo, señor.
I recommend it to you.
Yo te lo recomiendo.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
Example:
The chef cooks it for them. (el bistec)
El cocinero se lo cocina.
Cook it for them! (el bistec)
¡Cocínaselo!
PRÁCTICA:
1)
2)
3)
4)
Sing it to us! (la canción)
Tell it to me! (el chiste)
Read it to me! (la receta)
Give it to them! (el helado)
PRÁCTICA:
Textbook:
 pg. 250, Act. #6
 pg. 251, Act. #8
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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns