Present Progressives……
“-ING”
bailando (dancing)
comiendo
(eating)
leyendo (reading)
creyendo (believing)
bebiendo (drinking)
estudiando (studying)
The present progressive talks about what is happening right now.
For example:
You are eating.
He is reading.
I am studying.
To form this in Spanish, use a conjugated form of ESTAR (to be) followed by
the
“ –ing” word in Spanish.
The “ing” word ends in either –ANDO or -IENDO
Soooo, STEP 1:
¿Cuáles son las formas de estar?
present progressive…-ING
ESTAR (to be) …..
Notice the
accents!!
yo estoy (I am)
tú estás (You are)
<<<<<<
él,ella, Ud. está (He/She is)
<<<<<<
nosotros estamos
(We are)
vosotros estáis (Y’all are) <<<<<<
ellos, ellas, Uds. están
(They are)
<<<<<<
present progressive…-ING
Next….
Replace the –AR ending of –ar verbs with –ANDO
and
the –ER/-IR endings of –er/-ir verbs with -IENDO
bail AR
ANDO
dance dancING
comER
IENDO eat eatING
escribIR
IENDO
write  writING
present progressive…-ING
A couple little tricky things….
Sometimes you must change the spelling in order to
maintain the original sound of the word. This is called
an orthographic change.
Some common examples are:
caer: cayendo
creer: creyendo
huir: huyendo
ir: yendo
influir: influyendo
oír: oyendo
traer: trayendo
leer: leyendo
One way to remember
which to change is to
conjugate the verb
“normally” and if you
end up with three (3)
vowels in a row, then
you need to replace the
“i” with “y”.
present progressive…-ING
For example…
caer (to fall)
leer(to read)
traer (to take)
caYendo
IENDO
leYendo
IENDO
tra Yendo
IENDO
3 vowels (aie)!!!
Drop the “i” &
add a “y”
3 vowels (eie)!!!
Drop the “i” &
add a “y”
3 vowels (aie)!!!
Drop the “i” &
add a “y”
Why??? Say the first version (with the 3 vowels)
and then say the word with the replacement “y” in
there. Which one is easier to say??
caIENDO or caYendo
present progressive…-ING
One more little tricky thing….
To form the present participle of -ir stem changing verbs,
change e->i and o->u in the stem, and then add -iendo to the
stem of the verb.
e->i
servir (to serve)
pedir (to ask for)
decir (to say)
servir
sirvir
sirviendo
pedir ->>> pidiendo
decir ->>> diciendo
o->u (NOT UE!)
durmir
dormir
dormir (to sleep) durmiendo
morir ->>> muriendo
morir (to die)
present progressive…-ING
Put it all together….
Estar + present particple (-ing)
Traduzca lo siguiente.
(Yo) estoy estudiando.
1) I am studying (estudiar). ___________________
(Ellos/as) están leyendo.
2) They are reading (leer). ___________________
(Vosotros) estáis trayendo.
3) Y’all are bringing (traer). ___________________
(Él) está muriendo.
4) He is dying (morir). ___________________
(Nosotros) estamos sirviendo.
5) We are serving. (servir). ___________________
(Tú) estás comiendo.
6) You (tú) are eating (comer). ___________________
present progressive…-ING
El Presente Progresivo Notes page
What is the presente progresivo? Describes
what is going on right now. “ing” in English—
I am writing, You are sleeping, etc.
How do you form it?
Estar + verb – ar + ando
– er/ir + iendo
estoy
estás
está
estamos
estáis
están
hablando/comiendo
What are the irregulars to remember?
If there are 3 vowels when you add the
–iendo, drop the “i” and add a “y”
leer—leiendo—leyendo—estoy leyendo
E-I/O-U
dormir—durmiendo pedir—pidiendo
servir—sirviendo decir—diciendo
BIG THING TO REMEMBER: DON’T
FORGET THE VERB ESTAR!!!!!!
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present progressive