“La Cortesía”
With your group, list 3 situations where you would
use “por favor.” List 3 situations where you would
use “de nada.”
El abecedario
•The Spanish alphabet has the same 26
letters as the English alphabet, PLUS..
ch [che]
ll [elle]
ñ [eñe]
El abecedario
A=a (“ah” as in all )
avion
E=e (“eh” as in end )
elefante
F=efe (pronounced ehfay)
Sounds like f
fruta
G=ge (pronounced hey)
hard “g” sound as in go, except “ge” and “gi” which
make the “h” sound
gato
gente
H=hache (no sound)
helado
I=i (“ee” as in eel)
iglesia
J=jota (pronounced hotah)
English “h” sound
julio
LL=elle (pronounced ehyay)
like English y
Lluvia
llamo
Ñ=eñe (pronounced ehnyay)
sounds like the English NY in canyon
ñu
Q=cu (pronounced coo)
sounds like the English K
queso
R=ere (pronounced ehray)
like the English d; put tongue on palate just above
front teeth
raton
RR=erre (pronounced ehray)
When 2 r’s are together like in perro, the rr is
trilled.
perro
U=u (pronounced “oo” as in pool)
uñas
V=ve (pronounced bay)
like the English b, though sometimes a softer
sound; never English v
vaca
W=doble ve
(pronounced dohbley bay)
sounds like the English W
wafle
X=equis (pronounced ehkeys)
makes a “ts” sound
xilófono
Y=i griega
(pronounced ee gree-eh-gah )
like the English “y”; sometimes is a vowel and makes
the “ee” sound
yogur
Z=zeta (pronounced saytah)
sounds like the English S.
zapato
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
a
“ah” as in father
be
“b” as in
embarrass
ce
soft “c” as in
Cecilia (before e,i)
hard “c” as in cat
(before a,o,u)
de
“th” as in feather
e
“ay” as in hey
efe
“f” as in fantastic
ge
soft “h” as in
heaven, Geraldo
(in front of e,i)
hard “g” as in gull,
goal, gallon (in
front of a,o,u)
hache
silent
i
j
k
i
“ee” as in sneeze
jota
“h” as in horrible
ka
not used to form
Spanish words
l
ll
ele
“l” as in latex,
level
m
eme
“y” yacht
“m” as in monster
n
ñ
ene
“n” as in minute
eñe
“ny” as in canyon
o
p
o
“o” as in ghost
pe
“p” as in empower
q
qu
elle
“k” as in cool, car
r
ere
“dd” as in muddy;
“tt” as in butter
rr
s
t
u
v
w
erre
“rr” as in *carro
ese
“s” as in silly
te
“t” as in delta
u
“oo” as in moon
ve
same as “be”
doble
ve
not used to form
Spanish word
x
equis
“x” as in mixer,
fixed (also as “s”
sound)
y
i
griega
“y” as in mayor
(consonant) or as in
key (vowel)
z
zeta
like “s” or soft “c”
(appears only
before a,o,u)
Escribe las palabras que están deletreadas abajo.
(Write the words that have been spelled below)
Ejemplo: ce, u, be, a = Cuba
1.eme, a, te, e, eme, a, te, i, ce, a, ese
2. pe, a, ene, a, eme, a
3. be, o, ele, i, ve, i, a
4. ene, o, eme, be, ere, e
5. o, ce, ache, o
6. ce, u, eme, pe, ele, e, a, eñe, o, ese
7. efe, e, che, a
8. e, ese, pe, a, eñe, o, ele
9. ene, i, ce, a, ere, a, ge, u, a
10. ele, a, te, i, ene, o, a, eme, e, ere, i, ce, a
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La Cortesía