La Gramatica
Lesson #2
Verb Conjugation
What is a verb?
• It’s an action word. Sometimes it’s not an
obvious action – it’s a state of being. Some
examples of “action” words we have learned so
far in Spanish:
Obvious Actions
se ríe
Not Obvious
estoy – I am
soy – I am
es – is
está - is
Verbs are very important! Without them,
you do NOT have a sentence.
• Because we are telling lots of stories which are
usually about other people, we started using
verbs only in the he/she form – meaning
someone else is doing the action.
• However, it’s not always someone else doing the
• Sometimes it’s “you”, “I” or even “we” or another
plural group doing the action.
• So time to expand our conversation to include
Verb Conjugation
• The process of changing a verb to match WHO
is DOING the action is called “conjugating” a
• This is a new idea in Spanish. Verbs are NOT
masculine or feminine like nouns. They also
do NOT become plural by adding an “s”.
• The ending of the verb changes depending on
the subject – who or what is doing the action.
Changing a verb’s ending to match the subject
• Every verb has a beginning or a title. We call
that the verb’s “infinitive” or original form.
• The original form of the verb helps us with
what the verb means, not who is doing the
• All verb infinitives will end with “ar”, “er” or
– Examples:
• necesitar (to need)
• correr (to run)
• vivir (to live)
escuchar (to listen)
comer (to eat)
escribir (to write)
Verb Ending Patterns
Each type of verb follows an easy
to remember pattern for endings
Verbs ending in “ar”
Yo (I)
Tú (you)
Él / Ella (he/she) -a (just drop the “r”)
Nosotros/as (we) -amos
Ellos/as (they)
Ustedes (all of you) -an
Let’s see conjugating in action!
Escuchar = to listen
– Yo escucho
– Tú escuchas
– Él escucha
– Ella escucha
I listen
you listen
he listens
she listens
– Nosotros/as escuchamos =
– Ellos/as escuchan
– Ustedes escuchan
we listen
they listen
you all listen
Verbs ending in “er”
Yo (I)
Tú (you)
Él / Ella (he/she)
-e (just drop the “r”)
Nosotros/as (we) -emos
Ellos/as (they)
Ustedes (all of you) -en
comer = to eat
– Yo como
– Tú comes
– Él come
– Ella come
I eat
you eat
he eats
she eats
– Nosotros/as comemos =
– Ellos/as comen
– Ustedes comen
we eat
they eat
you all eat
Verbs ending in “ir”
this gets a little more tricky – look carefully at endings
Yo (I)
Tú (you)
Él / Ella (he/she)
-e (drop the “r”, change “I” to “e”)
Nosotros/as (we) -imos (keep the “I” in)
Ellos/as (they)
Ustedes (all of you) -en
vivir = to live
– Yo vivo
– Tú vives
– Él vive
– Ella vive
I live
you live
he lives
she lives
– Nosotros/as vivimos =
– Ellos/as viven
– Ustedes viven
we live
they live
you all live
What do the following mean?
1. Los estudiantes necesitan papel.
2. ¿Comes muchos dulces?
3. Corremos en la clase de educacion fisica.
4. Yo le grito a la oveja cuando no corre.
Put the following into Spanish:
The kids (niños) listen…..
I tell jokes……
We don’t cry..