Srta. Forgue
El 11 de enero de 2011
Ahora mismo: INTÉNTALO
Indica los mandatos (commands) afirmativos y
negativos correspondientes.
1. escucharlo (Ud.)
Escúchelo
_____________.
No lo escuche
_____________.
2. decírmelo (Uds.)
_____________.
_____________.
3. salir (Ud.)
_____________.
_____________.
4. servírnoslo (Uds.)
_____________.
_____________.
5. barrerla (Ud.)
_____________.
_____________.
6. hacerlo (Ud.)
_____________.
_____________.
3.2-2
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.


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A tiempo
Ropa
Cuaderno/Carpeta
Libro
Bolígrafo
La tarea de anoche fue:
Ej. 1, pág. 106
Corríjalo con un compañero de cuarto


Repasar que, lo que, y quien
Repasar los mandatos formales (págs. 140-141)
◦ Tomar apuntes con el tutorial del Internet
◦ Jugar Simon Dice
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Es donde pones la cabeza cuando duermes.
_______________________
Es el quehacer doméstico que haces después de comer
________________________
Algunos de ellos son las cómodas y los sillones.
________________________
Son las personas que viven en tu barrio.
________________________

In both English and Spanish, relative
pronouns are used to combine two sentences or clauses
that share a common element, such as a noun or
pronoun. Study this diagram.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.1-7
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.1-8

Spanish has three frequently-used relative
pronouns. ¡Atención! Interrogative words
(qué, quién, etc.) always carry an accent.
Relative pronouns, however, never carry a
written accent.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.1-9

Que is the most frequently used relative
pronoun. It can refer to things or to people.
Unlike its English counterpart, that, que is
never omitted.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.1-10

The relative pronoun quien refers only to
people, and is often used after a preposition
or the personal a. Quien has only two forms:
quien (singular) and quienes (plural).
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.1-11

Quien(es) is occasionally used instead of
que in clauses set off by commas.
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3.1-12

Unlike que and quien(es), lo que doesn’t refer to a
specific noun. It refers to an idea, a situation, or a past
event and means what, that which, or the thing that.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.1-13

As you learned in Lección 2, the command forms are
used to give orders or advice. Formal commands are used with
people you address as usted or ustedes. Observe these examples,
then study the chart.
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3.2-14

The usted and ustedes commands, like the
negative tú commands, are formed by
dropping the final -o of the yo form of the
present tense. For -ar verbs, add -e or -en.
For -er and -ir verbs, add -a or -an.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.2-15

Verbs with irregular yo forms maintain the
same irregularity in their formal commands.
These verbs include conducir, conocer,
decir, hacer, ofrecer, oír, poner, salir,
tener, traducir, traer, venir, and ver.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.2-16

Note also that verbs maintain their stem
changes in usted and ustedes commands.
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3.2-17

Verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have a
spelling change in the command forms.
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3.2-18

These verbs have irregular formal commands.
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3.2-19

To make a formal command negative, simply
place no before the verb.
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3.2-20

In affirmative commands, reflexive, indirect
and direct object pronouns are always
attached to the end of the verb.
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3.2-21

¡Atención! When a pronoun is attached to an
affirmative command that has two or more
syllables, an accent mark is added to
maintain the original stress.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.2-22

In negative commands, these pronouns
always precede the verb.
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3.2-23

Usted and ustedes can be used with the
command forms to strike a more formal
tone. In such instances they follow the
command form.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.2-24
Indica los mandatos (commands) afirmativos y
negativos correspondientes.
1. escucharlo (Ud.)
Escúchelo
_____________.
No lo escuche
_____________.
2. decírmelo (Uds.)
_____________.
_____________.
3. salir (Ud.)
_____________.
_____________.
4. servírnoslo (Uds.)
_____________.
_____________.
5. barrerla (Ud.)
_____________.
_____________.
6. hacerlo (Ud.)
_____________.
_____________.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
3.2-25

Mandatos formales. Completa las oraciones con
mandatos formales (formal commands), usando los
verbos de las listas.
barrer
1.
2.
3.
4.
lavar
pasar
quitar
Señorita, ___________ usted la mesa, por favor.
Luego, ___________ los platos.
Después, ____________ el suelo de la cocina.
Y _____________ la aspiradora en la sala.
 Lee Ud. págs.
109-110 y tome
apuntes en el subjuntivo.
 Después de leer, haga el
INTENTALO en la pág. 110.
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La clase de español II