The Present Perfect:
What I have done
What does it mean? How
do we use it? How do we
form it?
The Present Perfect
• In English we form the
present perfect tense by
combining have or has with
the past participle of a verb:
he has seen, have you tried?,
they haven’t eaten.
The Present Perfect
• To form the past participle of
a verb in Spanish, you add
-ado to the stem of -ar verbs
and -ido to the stem of most
-er/-ir verbs.
The Present Perfect
• To form the present-perfect
tense, we combine this past
participle with the present
tense of the verb haber.
The Present Perfect
• We generally use the
Spanish present perfect in
the same way we use its
English equivalent.
The Present Perfect
I have spoken
We have spoken
You have spoken
You all have
spoken
He, She It
has spoken
They have spoken
The Present Perfect
he hablado
hemos hablado
has hablado
habéis hablado
ha hablado
han hablado
The Present Perfect
I have eaten
We have eaten
You have eaten
You all have eaten
He, She It
has eaten
They have eaten
The Present Perfect
he comido
hemos comido
has comido
habéis comido
ha comido
han comido
The Present Perfect
I have decided
We have decided
You have decided
You all have
decided
He, She It
has decided
They have decided
The Present Perfect
he decidido
hemos decidido
has decidido
habéis decidido
ha decidido
han decidido
The Present Perfect
• No he hablado con Sra.
Sliney hoy.
• I haven’t spoken with Ms.
Sliney today.
The Present Perfect
• Qué tipo de queso han
comido?
• What type of cheese have
they eaten?
The Present Perfect
• Notice that when the past
participle is used with forms
of haber, the final -o never
changes.
The Present Perfect
• Ricardo ha grabado su
película favorita.
• Sus hermanos han grabado
una telenovela.
The Present Perfect
• Certain verbs that have a
double vowel in the infinitive
form (except those with the
double vowel ui ) require an
accent mark on the i in the
past participle.
The Present Perfect
• Caer
• Leer
• Oír
• Creer
caído
leído
oído
creído
The Present Perfect
• Notice that we place no and
other negative words, object
pronouns, and reflexive
pronouns directly in front of
the form of the verb haber.
The Present Perfect
• Has alquilado esa película
alguna vez?
• No, no la he alquilado nunca.
The Present Perfect
• Some verbs have irregular
past participles.
• Memorize this acronym:
• REVV MAC PHDD
R
E
V
V
roto
escrito
visto
vuelto
Romper
Escribir
Ver
Volver
M
A
C
muerto
abierto
cubierto
Morir
Abrir
Cubrir
P
H
D
D
puesto
hecho
dicho
devuelto
Poner
Hacer
Decir
Devolver
Descargar

The Present Perfect - Marblehead High School