El Nacimiento De Jose Marti HOLA! Created By Levi Prather About Jose Marti • José Marti was a Cuban poet, journalist, freedom fighter and revolutionary philosopher born in Havana in 1853. • He became a national Cuban hero in the struggle for independence against the Spanish Empire. Marti died in a military operation in 1895. • José Marti is one of the great Latin American intellectuals, he wrote many poems, essays and newspaper articles. • Well known is his poem that later became the lyrics for the song "Guantanamera". Marti is honored as a hero and national hero in Cuba, every city and village has its Marti street, square or statue. Cubans Only! • El nacimiento de Jose Marti is a holiday mainly celebrated by Cubans since he played an important part in the independence to Cuba from Spain. • he is known as the “Apostle” of Cuba Donde Esta Fiesta??? • Although there is no set place for celebrating Jose Marti Cubans everywhere will show their respect to the man that drove them to independence from Spain. • Many Cubans will just normally pay their respects to one of his many statues placed all over the world ( such as the one shown here in New York) some will head to the Jose Marti airport to celebrate. Facts about Marti • Marti was born in Havana, Cuba to Spanish parents . • At age 16 wrote about the tens years war and opposed Spanish rule in cuba, he was convicted of treason and sedition sentenced to 6 years of labor his sentenced did get reduced however he was exiled to Spain. • He then studied law then traveled to Mexico where he met up with his family he then married and returned to cuba but was then accused of conspiring with other to over throw the Spanish government and was exiled again but he didn’t stay long he moved to New York City where he worked as a very important foreign correspondent. • After a failed attempt to make their way back to cuba and a year of re- planning Jose and a handful of exiles led by military strategists Maximo Gomez and Antonio Maceo Grajales • Marti didn’t last very long he was killed in one of the early confrontations of the uprising cuba would not be free of spain till after the Spanish – American War of 1898. El memorial de Jose Marti The monument of Jose Marti is 18 meter high (59 feet) statue of him in white marble The Building behind the monument is the Jose Marti museum the museum is dedicated to the life of the cuban National Hero and exhibits photos, letters, and documents it is 139 meters ( 456 feet) In His Honor • The festivities of El nacimiento de Jose Marti began on his day of birth January 28th they arrange from locations all over cuba many Cubans will throw parties and parades in his honor with games and food from all over cuba. • Other places will celebrate his ideas by treating him as a military hero complete with the 21 one gun salute as they fire in the sky looking over the Cuban sea. He was a poet and you didn’t know it • Jose Marti was many things a scholar, freedom fighter, journalist, and revolutionary thinker but he also was a well accomplished poet to the right is one of his famous verses from the volume Versos Libros. • “Cultivo una rosa blanca, En Julio como Enero para el amigo sincero Que me da su mano franca. Y para el cruel que me arranca El corazon con que vivio, Cardo ni orgula cultivo, Cultivo la rosa blanca”. Who do we have? • The only person that can come close to being the incarnate of this man is Dr. Martin Luther King Jr he was the fire under the belly of the Civil Rights movement his dream was to be free of segregation while Jose’s dream was to be free of Spanish rule and let cuba be independent while their tactics may have been different they both suffered and lost their life's defending what they believed in. Guantanamera! • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9sTSpr7lv UU • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wl9XO7G ukQk Vocabulario! • • • • • • • • Franca - Frankly Arranca - Tears Cultivo - I cultivate Libertad - Freedom Palmas - Palm trees Rebelde – Rebel Ejercito – Army Exilio - Exile Mas Volcabulario • • • • • • • Cadena – Chains Poeta – Poet Honra – Honor Nacimiento – Birth Heroe – Hero Independencia – Independence Viente Uno Canonazos – 21 Gun Salute Las Preguntas 1. What would happen if you decided to go against your own government in todays time? 2. What would you have done differently if put in the situation Jose Marti was in? 3. What figure in American history was similar to Jose Marti to you? 4. At age 16 Jose was forced into Exile from his beloved country what would you do if you were exiled? 5. Jose Marti died in battle and is remembered for his passion against spanish oppression what would you like to be remembered for when you die? Works Cited • http://www.havana-guide.com/josemarti.html • http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/his toryofthecaribbean/p/josemarti.htm • http://www.juventudrebelde.co.cu/internatio nal/2011-01-20/venezuela-to-celebrate-josemarti-and-cuban-culture.html Gracias por mirada Adios my Amigos!!