Definite Articles
EL/LOS, LA/LAS
General sense and before abstract nouns
Me gusta el café.
I like coffee.
El valor es una virtud.
Bravery is a virtue.
El café es un producto
importante de Colombia.
Coffee is an important
product of Colombia.
Addressing/Referring to people
Always used with titles when speaking ABOUT someone, NOT when
speaking directly to the person with the title.
El general Santander ganó las elecciones.
La doctora Antúnez perdió.
BUT
Buenos días, señor Solís.
Hasta mañana, doctora Antúnez.
Always with days of the week
Conveys the meaning “on”
Tengo clases los lunes.
I have classes on Mondays.
El domingo, voy a Bogotá.
On Sunday, I’m going to Bogotá.
With parts of the body or clothing
articles with the reflexive pronoun
Yo me lavo las manos antes de
comer.
I wash my hands before eating.
Después de comer, me cepillo los After eating, I brush my teeth
and wash my face.
dientes y me lavo la cara.
Indefinite Articles
UN/UNOS, UNA/UNAS
Ser + profession
Not needed, EXCEPT if the profession is modified by an adjective.
La doctora López es profesora (de ciencias).
Doctor Lopez is a (science) teacher.
La doctora López es una profesora (de ciencias) buena.
Doctor Lopez is a good (science) teacher.
Descargar

Articles