Bilingualism &
Biculturalism in the
SPANISH FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
Developing metalinguistic
awareness and knowledge
CLASS ACTIVITIES
Flipped Classroom & Produce-Assess-Discuss
Flipped-classroom model
Pre-Class Grammar Tutorial: Por vs. Para
Class Activity Using SpinTX Video Corpus
Produce
Analyze
Discuss
SA & MM
SA
MM
Age, Sex
22, F
23, M
Birthplace
Houston, TX
Eagle Pass, TX
4
3.5
3
1
Years spent in Spanishspeaking country outside
US
Yes, unspecified.
0
Pre-object/Post-object
3/1
1/3
Self-rated proficiency
(0-4)
Spanish at home
(0-4)
Resolving differences
Resolving differences
Resolving differences
“They can go anywhere.”
“Better when placed directly after the verb.”
“They go next to verbs or complement the
verbs, usually end in -mente but “ayer” is one
too.”
“I am sure I know about it but can’t describe it
well.”
“Hmm...not much :( I guess I just have an
“instinct” about where they go.”
“They are weird.”
Developing metalinguistics
MA & CH
CH
MA
Age, Sex
28, F
21, F
Birthplace
Monterrey, MX
San Diego, CA
Self-rated proficiency
(0-4)
4
3.75
Spanish at home
(0-4)
4
3
Years spent in Spanishspeaking country outside
US
10
0.10
Pre-object/Post-object
4/0
1/3
resolving differences
Developing metalinguistics
Comparing to corpus
Learner Results
Pre-object Post-object
Corpus Results
Adverb
Tokens
Adverb
Tokens Pre-object Post-object
cuidadosame
nte
6
2
4
cuidadosamen
te
29
29
1
fácilmente
4
1
3
fácilmente
10
9
1
rápidamente
6
2
4
rápidamente
13
10
3
suavemente
6
0
6
suavemente
15
11
4
bien
12
9
3
bien
3
3
0
mal
11
5
6
mal
6
6
0
demasiado
11
2
9
demasiado
4
4
0
un poco/poco
10/3
3/3
7/0
un poco
6
6
0
mucho
11
7
4
mucho
8
8
0
menos
12
9
3
menos
1
1
0
Quantity &
Pre-object Post-object
Total
Manner
Learner
43
48
91
Results
(47.25%) (52.75%)
Corpus
Fisher’s
exact test:86
The difference
9 (9.48%)between
95 learner
(90.52%)
and Results
corpus results
is statistically significant (p <
.0001).
Exploring trends
HLL X W
Pre-object
Post-object
Total
HEAVY
4 (22.22%)
14 (77.78%)
18
LIGHT
10 (71.43%)
4 (28.57%)
14
p = .011
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