Los Mandatos Formales (Commands)
To form the singular Formal (Ud) command of
regular verbs:
1. start with the “yo”form of the Present
2. drop the “o”
3. for –AR verbs, add “e”
for –ER and –IR verbs, add “a”
To form the plural Formal (Uds) command, simply
add “n” to the singular Formal command form.
Infinitive
YO form
Singular
Plural
Hablar
Comer
Escribir
Cerrar
Volver
Seguir
Poner
hablo
como
escribo
cierro
vuelvo
sigo
pongo
hable Ud
coma Ud
escriba Ud
cierre Ud
vuelva Ud
siga Ud
ponga Ud
hablen Uds
coman Uds
escriban Uds
cierren Uds
vuelvan Uds
sigan Uds
pongan Uds
For –gar, -car, and –zar verbs, the same spelling changes
will occur as in the ‘yo’ form in the Preterite tense:
llegar
llego
llegue Ud
lleguen Uds
tocar
toco
tocque Ud
toquen Uds
empezar
empiezo
empiece Ud
empiecen Uds
With the Formal commands, Direct and Indirect
Object Pronouns MUST be attached to the end of
affirmative commands, and go before negative
commands!
Remember that Indirect object pronouns go before
Direct object pronouns. Also, an accent must be added to
all commands of more than one syllable when a pronoun
is added.
Tell me!
¡Dígame Ud!
Write them (letters)
¡Escríbenlas Ud!
Send me it (money)!
¡Mándemelo Ud!
Send them it (money)! ¡Mándeselo Ud!
There are only 5 verbs that have irregular Formal
commands:
ir
ser
saber
vaya Ud
sea Ud
sepa Ud
vayan Uds
sean Uds
sepan Uds
The last 2 verbs are formed like regular verbs, but have
an accent added:
estar
dar
esté Ud
dé Ud
estén Uds
dén Uds
To make the formal commands negative, just add ‘NO’
before the affirmative command. However, all object
pronouns are placed after the ‘no’ and before the
command:
Open the window!
Don’t open the window!
Open it (window)!
Don’t open it (window)!
Stand up!
Don’t stand up!
Send me it (money)!
Don’t send me it!
¡Abra Ud la ventana!
¡No abra Ud la ventana!
¡Ábrala Ud!
¡No la abra Ud!
¡Levántese Ud!
¡No se levante Ud!
¡Mándemelo Ud!
¡No me lo mande Ud!
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Los Imperativos (Commands)