El 25 de abril de 2011
Unidad 7, lección 5
Para ahora: Escribe un resumen breve de la fotonovela.
Objetivos:
1.
Mirar la fotonovela y hacer ejercicios de comprensión
2. Aprender el pretérito perfecto de indicativo
3.
Practicarlo
Tarea: WS de 7.1

Often end in –ed
 To bore  bored
 To turn  turned
 To dance  danced

Many are irregular
 To buy  bought
 To read  read
 To drive  driven

Entrenar __________________________

Cerrar ______________________________

Adelgazar __________________________

Mantener ___________________________

Conocer _____________________________

Aburrir _____________________________

Sufrir _______________________________

You can use past participles in two main
ways:
 The perfect tenses
▪ I have done my homework
▪ I had done my homework
 As adjectives
▪ I am bored
▪ We have the table set

The present perfect expresses things you
“have done”
 I have completed my homework
 She has washed the dishes.
 We have gone to the supermarket.

Two parts to the present perfect:
haber
Participio
pasado
ESPAÑOL


He estado a dieta.
Has estado a dieta.
Ha estado a dieta.


Hemos estado a dieta.
Habéis estado a dieta.

Han estado a dieta.

INGLÉS
I have been on a diet.
 You (inf.) have been on a
diet.
 You (f)/ He / She has been
on a diet.
 We have been on a diet.
 You (inf. pl.) have been on a
diet.
 You (f. pl) / They have been
on a diet.


In the present perfect, the past participle
does not change endings for
gender/agreement
 He hecho la tarea. I have done the homework.
 La tarea está hecha.
The homework is done.

Unlike English, the two verbs in the sentence
cannot be separated by any word.
 Siempre hemos vivido en Bolivia.
▪ We have always lived in Bolivia.
 Yo no he comido la merienda.
▪ I have not eaten the snack.

Hay = there are, there is

Ha habido = there has been, there have been

Ejemplos
 Ha habido muchos problemas con el nuevo
profesor.
▪ There have been a lot of problems with the new professor.
 Ha habido un accidente en la calle Central.
▪ There has been an accident on Central Street.

WS de 7.1
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