Pronombre Relativo QUE QUIEN CUYO LO QUE EL QUE Pronombres Relativos Pronouns are words that refer to a noun. "Relative"pronouns are called "relative" because they are "related" to a noun that has previously been stated. Pronombres Relativos Relative pronouns combine two sentences that share a common noun. • The milk is cold. • You bought milk. The milk that you bought is cold. • La leche está helada • Tú compraste leche. La leche que compraste esta helada Pronombres Relativos • The relative pronoun is often omitted in English, but it is never omitted in Spanish. La casa que compramos es nueva. The house (that) we bought is new. El programa que miraba era cómico. The show (that) I was watching was comical. Que • Que". It can be used to refer to both persons and things. • Que" is the Spanish equivalent of the English words who, whom, which, and that. • Los libros que son extensos ... (thing, subject • The books which are long • La señorita que conocí ... (person, object) • The young lady whom I met • La carta que leiste ... (thing, object) • The letter that you read Pronombre Relativo QUIEN QUIEN • The relative pronoun "quien" is used only to refer to people. There is no gender distinction but number agreement. My uncle, who is a professor, is coming to visit me today. Mi tío, quien es profesor, viene a visitarme hoy día. Las chicas, con quienes fui al cine, son mis amigas. QUIEN • When the relative pronoun refers to a person and is in the direct object position, either "que" or "a quien" may be used. La señorita que conocí anoche es la hermana de Raquel. • When the relative pronoun is preceded by a preposition and the noun is a person only “quien” may be used. La señorita a quien conocí anoche es la Pronombre Relativo WHOSE CUYO – CUYOS – CUYA – CUYAS Separates the owner and that which is owned. Nearly always introduce or set up a non restrictive clause. Juan, whose father is from Paris, speaks French. Juan, cuyo padre es de Paris, habla frances Pronombre Relativo WHAT or WHATEVER LO QUE Is a neutral relative pronoun that allows you to refer to a great abstraction. When is used to mean “whatever” it often stands for something that is unknown or doubtful. LO QUE Lo que tu quieres no existe. El carro que tu quieres no existe Tienes la camisa que necesito. Tienes lo que necesito. “EL/LA QUE” “EL/LA CUAL” When the relative pronouns that, which, who or whom introduce a nonrestrictive clause you can use “el que” or “el cual” instead of the simple “que”. “El que” and “el cual” are interchangeable. “EL/LA QUE” “EL/LA CUAL” • Tu sobrina, la cual recibe buenas notas, quiere ser maestra. • Estas langostas, las cuales (las que) son de Virginia, están muy frescas. Nonrestrictive clause Contains information that is usually helpful to the overall meaning of the sentence; however is not essential. If you removed this clause, the sentence would stand on its own.