Pronombre Relativo
QUE
QUIEN
CUYO
LO QUE
EL QUE
Pronombres Relativos
Pronouns are words that refer to a
noun. "Relative"pronouns are called
"relative" because they are "related" to
a noun that has previously been stated.
Pronombres Relativos
Relative pronouns combine two sentences
that share a common noun.
• The milk is cold.
• You bought milk.
The milk that you bought is cold.
• La leche está helada
• Tú compraste leche.
La leche que compraste esta helada
Pronombres Relativos
• The relative pronoun is often omitted
in English, but it is never omitted in
Spanish.
La casa que compramos es nueva.
The house (that) we bought is new.
El programa que miraba era cómico.
The show (that) I was watching was
comical.
Que
• Que". It can be used to refer to both persons and things.
• Que" is the Spanish equivalent of the English words
who, whom, which, and that.
• Los libros que son extensos ... (thing, subject
• The books which are long
• La señorita que conocí ... (person, object)
• The young lady whom I met
• La carta que leiste ... (thing, object)
• The letter that you read
Pronombre Relativo
QUIEN
QUIEN
• The relative pronoun "quien" is used only
to refer to people. There is no gender
distinction but number agreement.
My uncle, who is a professor, is coming to
visit me today.
Mi tío, quien es profesor, viene a
visitarme hoy día.
Las chicas, con quienes fui al cine, son
mis amigas.
QUIEN
• When the relative pronoun refers to a
person and is in the direct object position,
either "que" or "a quien" may be used.
La señorita que conocí
anoche es la hermana de
Raquel.
• When the relative pronoun is preceded by
a preposition and the noun is a person
only “quien” may be used.
La señorita a quien
conocí anoche es la
Pronombre Relativo
WHOSE
CUYO – CUYOS – CUYA – CUYAS
Separates the owner and that which is
owned.
Nearly always introduce or set up a non
restrictive clause.
Juan, whose father is from Paris,
speaks French.
Juan, cuyo padre es de Paris, habla
frances
Pronombre Relativo
WHAT or
WHATEVER
LO QUE
Is a neutral relative pronoun that allows
you to refer to a great abstraction.
When is used to mean “whatever” it
often stands for something that is
unknown or doubtful.
LO QUE
Lo que tu quieres no existe.
El carro que tu quieres no existe
Tienes la camisa que necesito.
Tienes lo que necesito.
“EL/LA QUE”
“EL/LA CUAL”
When the relative pronouns that, which,
who or whom introduce a nonrestrictive
clause you can use “el que” or “el cual”
instead of the simple “que”.
“El que” and “el cual” are interchangeable.
“EL/LA QUE”
“EL/LA CUAL”
• Tu sobrina, la cual recibe buenas
notas, quiere ser maestra.
• Estas langostas, las cuales (las que)
son de Virginia, están muy frescas.
Nonrestrictive clause
Contains information that is usually
helpful to the overall meaning of the
sentence; however is not essential.
If you removed this clause, the
sentence would stand on its own.
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Pronombres Relativos