Los números ordinales
(first, second, third…)
Los números ordinales
 1—primero*
 2—segundo
 3—tercero*
 4—cuarto
 5—quinto
 6—sexto
 7—séptimo
 8—octavo
 9—noveno
 10—décimo
How to use them as adjectives
 In front of a singular, masculine noun, you drop the last
‘O’ from primero and tercero (and all adjectives).
 primer periódo
 tercer piso
 buen día
 In front of feminine nouns and plurals, primero, tercero
and all other numbers/adjectives take the appropriate
form.
 primera vez
 tercera hora
 buenos días
Cuánto tiempo hace…
Para hacer la pregunta…
 To say how long something has been
happening…
 ¿Cuánto tiempo hace que Juan es miembro del
club de español?
 Hace 5 años que es miembro del club
 Hace + # + time frame + que + conjugated verb
 You are going to use a PRESENT TENSE verb to
express that the action started in the past and
continues today…
 ¿Cuánto tiempo hace que estudias historia?
Can translate as: How long have you studied
history?
 OR: How long have you been studying history?
 (When you translate it to Spanish, be careful not to
directly translate the word “been” unless you need
to use the verb SER or ESTAR.)
Escribe en tu papel…
1) ¿ Cuánto tiempo hace que
_____________ (she has been
teaching algebra)?
2) How long have
you known the
word?
3) How long have you
been a member of
the science club?
4) How long have you
been explaining the right
answers?
Para responder:
 The verb “hacer” can be used in a number of ways to
indicate the length of time an action has been taking
place. The first way uses the formula:
Hace + tiempo + que +
verbo
Hace un año que estudio
español.
I have been studying Spanish for one year.
Hace dos segundos que
ellas estudian inglés
.
They have been studying English for two seconds.
 To make this type of expression negative, just
add the word "no" before the verb, as in the
following formula:
 Hace + tiempo + que + no + present tense form
of the verb
 Hace un año que no estudio español.
I haven't studied Spanish for a year.
 Hace dos segundos que ellas no estudian
inglés.
They haven't studied English for two seconds.
¡Práctica!
5) I have studied German
for two weeks.
6) We have been
translating for 30
minutes.
7) I have been
giving a speech to
the class for 99
days.
8) He has been
getting bad grades
for 8 months.
Hagan preguntas/respuestas con estas palabras:
 Contestar
 Conversar
 Dar un discurso
 Enseñar
 Entregar
 Explicar
 Pedir ayuda
 Reprobar
 Estudiar
Quick write
 Work with one or two people to write a creative (preferably funny)
conversation using your latest vocab lists.
 Must have at least 50 vocab words/phrases (25ish from each of the two lists)
 Must include “hace que” in a question form AND sentence/answer form.
 All vocab words must be underlined
 More or less equal lines for everybody
 Everyone has to take turns writing, no matter how “nice” (or not) the
handwriting
 DO NOT THINK IN ENGLISH! Write straight in Spanish to avoid untranslatable
words/phrases.
 Do not spend a lot of time deciding characters and such! Can be about
anything school related 
 Due at the end of class FRIDAY.
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Primero - GT Academy Spanish