The Spanish PLUPERFECT TENSE What does this tense mean? How do I use haber for this tense? AIMS: To learn how to recognise regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs. To learn how to form regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs. REMINDER: SPANISH PERFECT TENSE Haber + (space) + Stem* + Ending ENGLISH SPANISH -ER I have He -AR -IR You have Has He/She has We have You have They have Ha Hemos Habéis Han He cantado = I have sung He comido = I have eaten He vivido = I have lived -ado -ido *Stem = The infinitive (the one you find when you look in a dictionary) minus the last 2 letters. In Spanish, you use the pluperfect tense when referring to actions that had happened in the past. EXAMPLES I had washed the car. I had done the washing. I had laid the table. I had prepared the dinner. I had earned my pocket money. So, how is the pluperfect tense formed in Spanish? 1ST 2ND 3RD SINGULAR Step 1: Choose the imperfect tense of the verb haber (the auxiliary verb). 2ND 3RD PLURAL 1ST ENGLISH SPANISH I had Había You had Habías He/She had/You (formal) had Había We had Habíamos You had Habíais They had / You (formal) had Habían Step 2: Create the past participle (the –ed form of the verb in English), by adding the appropriate ending to the stem. The great thing is that to talk about other people, it is only the form of haber that changes. Haber -AR -ER -IR Había Habías Había Habíamos Habíais Habían Stem + ADO Stem + IDO Irregular Past Participles 3 of the most common: Decir (to say) > dicho Hacer (to do) > hecho Ver (to see/watch) > visto And some other really important ones: Abrir (to open) > abierto Absolver (to absolve) > absuelto Cubrir (to cover) > cubierto Escribir (to write) > escrito Freír (to fry) > frito Morir (to die) > muerto Poner (to put) > puesto Romper (to break) > roto Satisfacer (to satisfy) > satisfecho Volver (to return) > vuelto Now translate the following verbs. Remember to choose the correct form of haber and then conjugate the verb in the steps you have already used. Beware of irregular verbs because there are lots of them here! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. He had done They had drunk We had worked You (p) had watched I had lived They had broken He had died She had seen I had played I had returned We had said He had visited 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Había hecho deberes Habían bebido Habíamos trabajado Habíais visto Había vivido Habían roto Había muerto Había visto Había jugado Había vuelto Habíamos dicho Había visitado SPANISH VERBS: PLUPERFECT TENSE (ALL PAST PARTICIPLES) What does this tense mean? How do I use haber for this tense? AIMS: To learn how to recognise regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs. To learn how to form regular and irregular pluperfect tense verbs.