Nailing the details for Question 9s
 Complete
the Grammar Notes
 Watch, rewind, pause etc
 Make a note of any questions
 Complete the google form
NOT:
 A reflexive verb (even though we say me
gusta)
 Irregular
 To like
IS:
 A ‘normal’ verb (kind of!)
 Regular
 Similar to lots of other ‘impersonal verbs’
 Impressive if you get it right!
 Pleasing
 Needs
– indirect object pronoun and an ‘a’
sometimes..
 To
Carmen, dogs are pleasing
 Ie – Carmen likes dogs
 If
Carmen were several people, we would
have to change the sentence:
A
las chicas, les gustan los perros
1.
2.
3.
4.
Me gusto el chocolate
Pablo gustan los perros
Los jovenes le gusta el cine
Me gusta las peliculas
 Gusto
= I please
 Me = myself
 Therefore, me gusto would mean I please
myself
 No need for the chocolate!
 Correct
this in the googleform below
 Gustan
= they please
 You need to:



Add an ‘a’
Add a ‘le’
Make sure gustar agrees with who is doing the
verb
 Correct
this in the googleform below
 Gustan
= they please
 You need to:



Add an ‘a’
Add a ‘le’
Make sure gustar agrees with who is doing the
verb
 Correct
this in the googleform below
 Gusta
= it pleases
 You need to:



Add an ‘a’
Add a ‘le’
Make sure gustar agrees with who is doing the
verb
 Correct
this in the googleform below
 In
question 9, you’re likely to come across a
bit of a ‘trick’ question:


Ayer, Pablo me ayudé a _________ mis deberes
(hacer)
Hace tres meses, mi padre dejó de _______
(fumar)
I
have eaten
 You have eaten
 She has eaten
 We have eaten
 You lot have eaten
 They have eaten
 Hemos
comido
 Han comido
 Habéis comido
 He comido
 Ha comido
 Has comido
I
have eaten
 You have eaten
 She has eaten
 We have eaten
 You lot have eaten
 They have eaten
 He
comido
 Has comido
 Ha comido
 Hemos comido
 Habéis comido
 Han comido
HABER en el presente + el participio pasado
He
Has
Ha
Hemos
Habéis
Han
+
hablado
comido
salido
Vamos a practicar un poco…
Pero primero, ten cuidado con algunos participios!
abrir (to open) - abierto (open)
cubrir (to cover) - cubierto (covered)
decir (to say) - dicho (said)
escribir (to write) - escrito (written)
freír (to fry) - frito (fried)
hacer (to do) - hecho (done)
morir (to die) - muerto (dead)
poner (to put) - puesto (put)
resolver (to resolve) - resuelto (resolved)
romper (to break) - roto (broken)
ver (to see) - visto (seen)
volver (to return) - vuelto (returned)
HABER en el pasado + el participio pasado
Había
Habías
Había
Habíamos
Habíais
Habían
+
hablado
comido
salido
HABER en el futuro+ el participio pasado
Habré
Habrás
Habrá
Habremos
Habréis
Habrán
hablado
comido
salido
HABER en el condicional + el participio pasado
Habría
Habrías
Habría
Habríamos
Habríais
Habrían
hablado
comido
salido
HABER en el condicional + el participio pasado
Si hubiera
Si hubieras
Si hubiera
Si hubiéramos
Si hubierais
Si hubieran
hablado
comido
salido
Present Perfect
He
Has
Ha
Hemos
Habéis
Han
Pluperfect
Había
Habías
Había
Habíamos
Habíais
Habían
Future Perfect
Habré
Habrás
Habrá
Habremos
Habréis
Habrán
Conditional Perfect
Habría
Habrías
Habría
Habríamos
Habríais
Habrían
Imperfect
Subjunctive
Si hubiera
Si hubieras
Si hubiera
Si hubiéramos
Si hubierais
Si hubieran
Past Participle
Regular verbs:
TDA – ado/ido (hablar -> hablado) (vivir -> vivido)
Irregulars:
abrir (to open), abierto - opened
absolver (to absolve), absuelto - absolved
cubrir (to cover), cubierto - covered
decir (to say, to tell), dicho - said
escribir (to write), escrito - written
freír (to fry), frito - fried
hacer (to make, to do), hecho - done
imprimir (to print), impreso - printed
morir (to die), muerto - died
poner (to put), puesto - put
resolver (to resolve), resuelto - resolved
romper (to break), roto - broken
satisfacer (to satisfy), satisfecho - satisfied
ver (to see), visto - seen
volver (to return), vuelto - returned
English
I have spoken
You have spoken
He/She has spoken
We have spoken
You lot have spoken
They have spoken
Pluperfect
I had spoken
You had spoken
He/She had spoken
We had spoken
You lot had spoken
They had spoken
Future perfect
I will have spoken
You will have spoken
He/She will has spoken
We will have spoken
You lot will have spoken
They will have spoken
Conditional Perfect
I would have spoken
You would have spoken
He/She would has spoken
We would have spoken
You lot would have spoken
They would have spoken
Imperfect Subjuntive
If
If
If
If
If
If
I had spoken
you had spoken
He/She had spoken
we had spoken
you lot had spoken
they had spoken
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gustar - Sophia