Nosotros Commands
Lección 5, En la ciudad
Nosotros Commands
• Nosotros commands are used to give orders or
suggestions that include yourself and other
people.
• There are two ways to suggest that others do
some activity with you ...
• You can use the construction Vamos a +
infinitive.
• Vamos a hacer las paces.
• Let´s make up.
• Remember, however, that vamos a +
[infinitive] can also mean we are going to (do
something). Context and tone of voice
determine which meaning is being expressed.
• To express Let’s go, the present
indicative form of ir (vamos) is
used, not the subjunctive. For the
negative command, however, the
subjunctive is used (vayamos).
Nosotros Commands
• The nosotros command (for both
affirmative and negative) is the same as
the nosotros form of the present
subjunctive.
• Resolvamos el conflicto.
• Let’s resolve the conflict.
• No reaccionemos tan rápido.
• Let’s not react so quickly.
Nosotros Commands
• Remember that stem-changing verbs
whose infinitive ends in –ir have a stem
change of e>i, or o>u in the nosotros
form.
• Pidamos perdón por el malentendido.
• Let´s ask forgivenes for the
misunderstanding.
• No durmamos en la clase de la Srta.
Gallegos.
• Let´s not sleep in Srta. Gallegos’s class.
Nosotros Commands
• Verbs whose infinitive ends in –car, -gar,
and –zar have a spelling change in the
nosotros form of the present
subjunctive, and consequently in the
nosotros command as well.
• No critiquemos a nuestros amigos.
• Let’s not criticize our amigos.
• Empecemos a pensar un poco en ellos.
• Let’s begin to think a little about them.
Nosotros Commands
• Direct and indirect object pronouns
are attached at the end of affirmative
nosotros commands and a written
accent is added to maintain the
original stress. Object pronouns are
placed in front of negative
nosotros/as commands.
• Celebremos tu cumpleaños.
Celebrémoslo.
• Let´s celebrate your birthday.
Let´s celebrate it.
• Digámosle todo. No le mintamos.
• Let´s tell him everything. Let’s not lie to
him.
Nosotros Commands
• When attaching reflexive or reciprocal
pronouns at the end of an affirmative nosotros
command, drop the final –s of the command
before the pronoun.
• ¡Alegrémonos con sus éxitos!
• Let´s be happy about their success!
>>> No se puede decir “alegrémosnos”
• Atrevámonos a darles nuestras opiniones.
• Let´s dare to give them our opinions.
>>> No se puede decir “atrevémosnos”
• The nosotros/as command form of irse
(to go away) is vámonos. Its negative form
is no nos vayamos.
Indica los mandatos afirmativos y negativos de la primera
persona del plural (nosotros/as) de estos verbos.
estudiemos,
no estudiemos
1. estudiar ___________
5. decir __________
2. cenar __________
6. cerrar __________
3. leer __________
7. levantarse __________
4. decidir __________
8. irse __________
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Nosotros Commands