ENGLISH
E. Secundaria
GRAMMAR
PRESENT SIMPLE
(SIMPLE PRESENT)
Estefanía
ENGLISH E. Secundaria
USOS
PRESENT SIMPLE
Para expresar acciones que ocurren habitualmente,
con una determinada frecuencia (hábitos, rutinas...).
Me levanto a las 8 todas las mañanas.
I get up at eight o'clock every morning.
Para expresar hechos o verdades generales.
La tierra gira alrededor del sol.
The Earth goes around the Sun.
Para expresar situaciones permanentes.
Él vive en Londres.
He lives in London.
Para hablar de acciones futuras ya planificadas.
Me voy de Madrid mañana por la mañana.
I leave Madrid tomorrow morning.
ENGLISH E. Secundaria
FORMACIÓN
PRESENT SIMPLE
AFIRMATIVO
ADVERBIOS
DE
FRECUENCIA
NEGATIVO
INTERROGATIVO
ENGLISH E. Secundaria
AFIRMATIVO
PRESENT SIMPLE
Sujeto + Infinitivo sin “to”
I live in London.
Lions eat meat.
You like reading comics.
En las terceras personas del singular añade una “s” al verbo
He plays football.
Alice comes to school by bus.
My dog sleeps in the garden.
Si el verbo acaba en "s"-"sh"-"ch"-"x" o "z"
en las terceras persona del singular añade "es".
Si el verbo acaba en "y" precedida de
consonante cambia la “y” en “i” y añade "es".
My brother watches TV at night.
His kite flies very high.
Go back to “FORMACIÓN”
Go to “NEGATIVO”
ENGLISH E. Secundaria
NEGATIVO
PRESENT SIMPLE
Sujeto + don't + Infinitivo sin “to”
I don't live in London.
Lions don't eat grass.
You don't like reading books.
don't = do not
En las terceras personas del singular:
Sujeto + doesn't + infinitivo sin “to”
He doesn't play football.
doesn't = does not
Alice doesn't come to school by car.
My dog doesn't sleep in the kitchen.
Go back to “FORMACIÓN”
Go to “INTERROGATIVO”
ENGLISH E. Secundaria
INTERROGATIVO
PRESENT SIMPLE
Do + Sujeto + Infinitivo sin “to” + ...?
Do I live in London?
Do lions eat grass?
Do you like reading books?
En las terceras personas del singular:
Does + Sujeto + infinitivo sin “to” + ...?
Does he play football?
Does Alice come to school by car?
Does my dog sleep in the kitchen?
Go back to “FORMACIÓN”
Go to “ADVERBIOS”
ENGLISH E. Secundaria
ADVERBIOS
DE
FRECUENCIA
Se colocan siempre delante
del verbo principal.
Si el verbo es “to be”,
van detrás de él.
I always live in London.
PRESENT SIMPLE
always > siempre
often > a menudo, con frecuencia
usually > generalmente
sometimes > algunas veces
never > nunca
She never walks alone.
Do you often study at night?
They are usually at home.
Go back to “FORMACIÓN”
Go to ACTIVITIES
Arrange the words to make sentences in simple present
1. I / to collect stamps 2. we / to play card games 3. he / to read comics 4. Chris / to sing in a band 5. we / to have a hamster 6. Andy and John / to like cola 7. she / to be nice 8. they / to help their parents 9. the children / to speak English 10. I / to buy a newspaper every Saturday -
WRITE THE FOLLOWING VERBS IN PRESENT SIMPLE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Every Monday, Sally (drive)____________her kids to football practice.
I (work) ___________as a secretary at ABT, but this summer I (study)
___________French at a language school in Paris. That is why I am in Paris.
John (sleep) ____________
I hate living in Seattle because it (rain, always) _________
Justin (write, currently)_______________a book about his adventures in Tibet. I
hope he can find a good publisher when he is finished
Jim: Do you want to come over for dinner tonight?
Denise: Oh, I'm sorry, I can't. I (go) _______________to a movie tonight with some
friends
The business cards (be, normally ) ______________printed by a company in New
York. Their prices (be) ____________inexpensive, yet the quality of their work is
quite good.
This delicious chocolate (be) ____________made by a small chocolatier in Zurich,
Switzerland.
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