Avancemos 3 – Unidad 2 Lección 1
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In English, commands almost always stay the same. Stop! is
Stop! regardless of who you are speaking to.
In English when you include yourself in a group (we), you
simply add “let’s” in front of the verb to form the command:
In Spanish, there are more variations of the command form. In
this PowerPoint, we will look at the usted/ustedes/nosotros
command forms:
Example:
Stop! (command in English)
= in Spanish
¡Para! (tú command)
¡Pare! (usted command)
¡Paren! (ustedes command)
BUT
¡Paremos! = Let’s stop! (nosotros command)
 So
far we have learned how to construct
affirmative and negative commands with “tú”
 We
also need to know the command forms used
with “usted”/ “ustedes” and “nosotros”.
 The
good news is – once you know how to
conjugate a negative tú command, usted, ustedes,
and nosotros commands are easy!!
 You
follow the same 3 step process as for negative
tú commands but use a different opposite ending 
The 3 step process:
 1. Go to the YO form
 2. Drop the “o”
 3. Add the opposite ending
(For AR verbs either e (usted) or en (ustedes)
(For ER/IR verbs either a (usted) or an (ustedes)
Example 1: Tirar
Yo tiro
¡(No) tire!
¡(No) tiren!
Example 2: Comer
Yo como ¡(No) coma!
¡(No) coman!
The 3 step process:
 1. Go to the YO form
 2. Drop the “o”
 3. Add the opposite ending
(For AR verbs use emos)
(For ER/IR verbs use amos)
Example 1: Tirar
Yo tiro
¡(No) tiremos!
Example 2: Comer
Yo como ¡(No) comamos!
The nosotros command translates as “Let’s…..” In English
To make any of these commands (usted, ustedes, nosotros) negative, you
simply add a NO in front of the command. YOU DON’T HAVE TO CHANGE
ANYTHING ELSE.
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As with tú commands, the same irregulars apply here. If
there is an irregular “yo” form, the
usted/ustedes/nosotros commands will also be irregular:
We also see the same irregular SIDES verbs:
S
– ser – sea/sean/seamos
 I – ir – vaya/vayan/** (no)vayamos
 D – dar – dé/dén/demos
 E – estar - esté/estén/estemos
 S – sepa/sepan/sepamos
**
exception – To say “Let’s go”, use “¡Vamos!” BUT
To say “Let’s not go”, use “vayamos”
 As
with the negative tú commands, verbs that
end in CAR/GAR/ZAR will require a spelling
change in the usted/ustedes/nosotros
commands (c-qu, g-gu, z-c):
Buscar:
Yo busco - ¡busque!/¡busquen!/¡busquemos!
Organizar:
Yo organizo - ¡organice!/¡organicen!/¡organicemos!
Jugar:
Yo juego - ¡juegue!/¡jueguen!/¡juguemos!
1.
Don’t delegate (Uds.)
2.
Give (Ud.)
1.
Be nice (Uds.)
2.
Let’s go
3.
Don’t play (Uds.)
4.
Start (Ud.)
5.
Take out (Uds.)
6.
Let’s not change
¡No deleguen¡
1.
2.
3.
¡Sean amables!
4.
5.
¡Vamos!
¡No jueguen!
6.
7.
8.
¡Dé!
¡Empiece!
¡Saquen!
¡No cambiemos!
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Other command forms