Coral Reefs and Tourism
Impacts in Mesoamerica Barrier
Reef System ( SAM)
By Claudia Cortés
UNAH-WWF-RTD8
3.
Coral Reef
2.
Tourism Impact
1.
Mesoamerica Barrer Reef System (SAM)
One all inclusive Hotel on Roatán, Honduras, Central America
1.
Mesoamerica barrier reef system (SAM), where
is it?
The Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System (SAM) extends over 1,000
km along the Caribbean Sea of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and
Honduras.
1ra Barrier reef System =
Australia ( 2,600 km)
2da Barrier reef System=
SAM (1,000 km)
SAM ( México, Belice,
Guatemala y Honduras)
Why is important the SAM for Tourism on Latin
America *?
a. Economy relevance
The OMT proyect for region increase for 2030 around of mil millions of
international arrive from emergent economies (include SAM):
1980- 30%
2012- 47%
2030- 57%
b. Education and research relevances
Education is the key for comprenhension and responsable
making use of sustainable resource
Educate society protect for a Healthy reef and healthy people. They will
be a good receptors of responsible tourists.
c. Tradicional surviver and cultural life
Mayas, Misquitas and Garifunas (etnical comunities) depend of marines coastal
resources and depend to tourism activities.
Report of OMT for SAM region
MILLONES DE TURISTAS
Comportamiento del Turismo en
la región del SAM
El Caribe ,
20.9
25
20
15
America
Central ,
8.9
10
5
0
Generación de divisas por Turismo
en la Región del SAM, 2012
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 2012
Años
1000
800
600
400
$ 900
millones
700
millones
euros
200
0
America Central
$ EE.UU por llegada 2012
€ Euro por llegada 2012
Fuente: Organización mundial del Turismo (OMT) , junio 2013
Clasificación basada en el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI), véase el anexo estadístico del FMI World Economic
Outlook de Abril del 2012, pagina 177
2.
Tourism impact
Potencialization
and increase
Positive Impacts
Prevention,
reduce,
eliminate
Negative
impacts
Development
Sustainability
The countries of Mesoamerica region are
working to:
•Sustainable, inclusions and justice international policies for the integrate
wellness of local society of the countries.
•Aplication of estrict policies for prevention the environmental polution (
compliance with provisions of international conventions)
•Invest of many eficient alternative of Trattetment Sistem for diferent
development process
•Acreditation and certifications responsable and credible programs
public and private sectors proyects.
for
Less dredge and more aplication and incentive for
responsable, friendly environmental alternatives.
Increase
the
production
and
rentability
of
Responsible, eficiency
and
beneficy
of
renovable
energy
industry
for
the
comunities.
3 . Coral reef. Many species of marines organisms:
Porites
asteroides
Panuluris argus**
Strombus gigas**
Agaricia tenuifolia
Rhincodon tipus**
Diadema sp.**
** protected species for international convention ( CITES, CB, RAMSAR)
Each country have to take action to protect preserv and conservancy this species and yours marines
and terrestrial ecosistems too.
In 1mts2 of coral live more
than 100 species livings
organisms.
Important for many human
activities :
• Tourism
• Prospection of biodiversity
• Research
• Energy industry
• Fashion Industry
• Textil Industry
• Healthy eat Industry
• Fishing industry
• Artesanal fishing
• Medicine, kinestecy and drugstore industry
Three topics of analizes on RTD8, 2014,
for take correct responsible desicions:
• Carbon emisions
and climate
change
• Local development
economy
• Human right and
social inclusions
Combat Climate-Change ( CC)
Programs for mitigated are not suficient for combat the change
climate.
Are necessary stregthness the actuals policies and
implementation other kind of programs…
Prospection of
biodiversity
The Resilency
Adaptation
Education
Transfer of
tecnology
Security
Ethic
http://c-fish.org/about/caribsave/
http://www.murraysimpson.com
The hour of
planet
Local economy development
The most important resource of the society is people. Is necessary
preparate the comunities on responsible way to receive this kind of
investments to garantee the quality of tourism destinies and ecosistems.
http://www.mun.ca/socwrk/faculty/rklein.php
Increase the Responsable Tourism of the
Tourism Industry = Sustainability *
Evaluate and mesure through the correct implementation of indicators and
after that take the best desicions.
* http://www.haroldgoodwin.info
http://www.healthyreefs.org/cms/wpcontent/uploads/2014/02/2014-Eco-Audit-Poster.pdf
http://www.tsc.gob.hn/Auditorias/Informes_de_Auditoria/Sector_Recursos_Naturales_Ambiente/2012/004-2012-DARNA-MUNI-ROATAN-A.pdf
http://www.icrtourism.org/
Human Right and social inclusion *
More quality actions around:
1. Strengthen
the
Human
Development Sustainable (Informe
Brutdland1987).
Integral
education
1. Strengthen national laws for
generate an atractive area for
international
investments
(generate
specials
laws
for
prospection and valuation of
public resources CDB (1992) **
2. Strengthen of generation of
knowledge quality and increase
skills tecnology.
4. Strengthen the
creativity, innovation, property sence, global culture and
happiness- spiritual growth.
5. Strengthen the professionals competences for
culture.** *
enterpreunerships and corporate
Many thanks and your
imputs are invaluable

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https://es-la.facebook.com/pages/Honduras-isGreat/127171764091465
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Actividades humanas que están alterando los ecosistemas marinos