Imperfecto Hablando del Pasado Pretérito Presente Perfecto Descriptions of People/Situations with no resulting action • Her name was Selena. She sang Tejano music. • She had many fans. Many people liked her. Ongoing Actions • She lived in Texas. Selena was singing at age nine. Habitual Actions • She used to sing in their family-operated restaurant. Repeated Actions • She would sing/sang often for quinceañeras, weddings, and fairs. Events that Started or Ended in the past • She started singing at age three. • She died at age 23. Actions that Interrupted another action • Selena was growing in popularity when the president of her fan club murdered her. Reactions to something. • When I heard her song Amor Prohibido, I liked it. Verbs with Different Meanings in the preterit • I never met Selena, but Gloria Estefan and Madonna knew her. (Conocer preteritto meet; Conocer imperfectto know) ANOTHER WAY TO TALK ABOUT THE PAST is to tell what people HAVE or HAVE NOT done. To talk about what people HAVE or HAVE NOT done, the verb is conjugated in the . Forming The Present Perfect REGULAR Past Participles are formed by: Dropping the–AR from the infinitive and adding –ADO or Dropping the–ER/IR and adding –IDO EXAMPLE: The Past Participle of Hablar hablado = spoken Comer comido = eaten Recibir recibido = received Careful… *The Past Participle of Ir (to go)ido (gone): I have gone to Cuba. Yo he ido a Cuba. *Don’t translate word for word. In other words, in Spanish you NEVER put anything between the 2 parts of the Present Perfect Conjugation like we do in English: I have never gone to Panamá. Yo nunca he ido a Panamá. Careful… *You will need an accent on the “I” of –ído if you are adding it to a strong vowel (a, e, o). LeerLeído CaerCaído OírOído (have/has…) read fallen heard *Although past participles & the preterit tense sometimes translate the same, you cannot interchange them. I read that book. Yo leí (NOT leído) ese libro. I heard a noise. Yo oí (NOT oído) un ruido. Common IRREGULAR Past Participles: (sung to the tune of All Around the Mulberry Bush) DICHO, HECHO, ESCRITO PUESTO, MUERTO, ABIERTO VUELTO, ROTO, VISTO ¡DESCUBIERTO! Spoken: LEíDO, FRITO, IMPRESO, CUBIERTO Remember: Only the conjugation of HABER changes to agree with the subject. Yo he… Nosotros hemos… Tú has… Vosotros habéis… Él ha… Ellos han… Remember: The Present Participle does NOT change. It always ends in “O” Yo he visitado México. Tú has visitado México. Ella ha visitado México. Nosotros hemos visitado México. Ellos han visitado México. You try… 1. Selena has sung in Texas, but she has never sung in China. 1. Selena ha cantado en Tejas, pero nunca ha cantado en la China. 2. She has sold a lot of albums. 2. Ella ha vendido muchos álbumes. 3. We have not heard all her songs yet. 3. Nosotros no hemos oído todas sus canciones todavía. You try… 4. She has made a lot of money. 4. Ella ha hecho mucho dinero. 5. Many people have said that she was the best Latin singer of the 90s. 5. Muchas personas han dicho que ella era la mejor cantante latina de los 90s. OR Mucha gente ha dicho… 6. We have not seen the movie about her life yet. 6. No hemos visto la película de su vida todavía.