Imperfecto
Hablando
del
Pasado
Pretérito
Presente Perfecto
Descriptions of People/Situations with no resulting action
• Her name was Selena. She sang Tejano music.
• She had many fans. Many people liked her.
Ongoing Actions
• She lived in Texas. Selena was singing at age nine.
Habitual Actions
• She used to sing in their family-operated restaurant.
Repeated Actions
• She would sing/sang often for quinceañeras, weddings,
and fairs.
Events that Started or Ended in the past
• She started singing at age three.
• She died at age 23.
Actions that Interrupted another action
• Selena was growing in popularity when the
president of her fan club murdered her.
Reactions to something.
• When I heard her song Amor Prohibido, I liked
it.
Verbs with Different Meanings in the preterit
• I never met Selena, but Gloria Estefan and
Madonna knew her. (Conocer preteritto
meet; Conocer imperfectto know)
ANOTHER WAY TO TALK ABOUT
THE PAST is to tell what people
HAVE or HAVE NOT done.
To talk about what people
HAVE or HAVE NOT done, the
verb is conjugated in the
.
Forming The Present Perfect
REGULAR Past Participles are formed by:
Dropping the–AR from the infinitive and
adding –ADO
or Dropping the–ER/IR and adding –IDO
EXAMPLE:
The Past Participle of
Hablar hablado = spoken
Comer comido = eaten
Recibir recibido = received
Careful…
*The Past Participle of Ir (to go)ido (gone):
I have gone to Cuba. Yo he ido a Cuba.
*Don’t translate word for word. In other
words, in Spanish you NEVER put anything
between the 2 parts of the Present Perfect
Conjugation like we do in English:
I have never gone to Panamá.
Yo nunca he ido a Panamá.
Careful…
*You will need an accent on the “I” of –ído if
you are adding it to a strong vowel (a, e, o).
LeerLeído CaerCaído OírOído
(have/has…) read
fallen
heard
*Although past participles & the preterit
tense sometimes translate the same, you
cannot interchange them.
I read that book. Yo leí (NOT leído) ese libro.
I heard a noise. Yo oí (NOT oído) un ruido.
Common IRREGULAR Past Participles: (sung
to the tune of All Around the Mulberry Bush)
DICHO, HECHO, ESCRITO
PUESTO, MUERTO, ABIERTO
VUELTO, ROTO, VISTO
¡DESCUBIERTO!
Spoken: LEíDO, FRITO, IMPRESO, CUBIERTO
Remember:
Only the conjugation of HABER
changes to agree with the
subject.
Yo he…
Nosotros hemos…
Tú has… Vosotros habéis…
Él ha…
Ellos han…
Remember:
The Present Participle does NOT
change. It always ends in “O”
Yo he visitado México.
Tú has visitado México.
Ella ha visitado México.
Nosotros hemos visitado México.
Ellos han visitado México.
You try…
1. Selena has sung in Texas, but she has never
sung in China.
1. Selena ha cantado en Tejas, pero nunca ha
cantado en la China.
2. She has sold a lot of albums.
2. Ella ha vendido muchos álbumes.
3. We have not heard all her songs yet.
3. Nosotros no hemos oído todas sus canciones
todavía.
You try…
4. She has made a lot of money.
4. Ella ha hecho mucho dinero.
5. Many people have said that she was the best
Latin singer of the 90s.
5. Muchas personas han dicho que ella era la
mejor cantante latina de los 90s. OR
Mucha gente ha dicho…
6. We have not seen the movie about her life yet.
6. No hemos visto la película de su vida todavía.
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¿Pretérito o Imperfecto?