Capítulo 5B
Saying what is
happening:
Quick Review of The
Present Progressive
Tense
Present Participle

The present participle is the –ing form of
the verb.

It is formed by removing the infinitive
ending of the verb: hablar > habl-

Then add the correct present participle
ending: habl- > hablando = speaking
Present Participles



-ar verbs: hablar – hablando = speaking
-er verbs: comer – comiendo = eating
-ir verbs: vivir – viviendo = living
* There are only 2 endings: -ando and iendo
( -er and –ir verbs are alike)
Give the present
participles for the
following infinitives






pensar
pensando
thinking
buscar
buscando
looking for






salir
saliendo
leaving / going out
poner
poniendo
putting






dibujar
dibujando
drawing
ver
viendo
seeing






alquilar
alquilando
renting
escribir
escribiendo
writing






nadar
nadando
swimming
comprender
comprendiendo
understanding






jugar
jugando
playing
tocar
tocando
playing
Irregular present
participles






dormir (ue, u)
durmiendo
sleeping
sentir (ie, i)
sintiendo
feeling, regretting
You can identify an
irregular present participle
in the dictionary:

Example: dormir(ue,u)
The second vowel in the parenthesis
indicates the irregularity.
* durmiendo






decir
diciendo
saying, telling
leer
leyendo
reading






oír
oyendo
hearing
poder
pudiendo
being able






traer
trayendo
bringing
venir
viniendo
coming
But you cannot use a
present participle alone in
a sentence.


Yo jugando al béisbol
I playing baseball. - Incorrect
You need a helping verb.

I am playing baseball
This is called the present progressive
tense.
It expresses action in progress presently or
actions going on right now.
But how are we going to express am in the
above sentence?
Present Progressive Tense =
Estar + Present Participle



Estoy –
Estás –
Está –
I am
You are
He is
She is
You are



Estamos - We are
Estáis - You are
Están - They/You
are
+
Present Participle – alquilar – alquilando (renting)
(-ing)
leer - leyendo (reading)
decir – diciendo (saying)
Put it together:




Estoy dibujando
I am drawing
Estás comiendo
You are eating
Está saliendo
 He, she, is leaving
or you (polite) are leaving







Estamos apagando
We are turning off
Estáis poniendo
You are putting
Están viviendo
They / you are living
Instead of the helping verb
estar, you may also use
seguir, continuar, or venir.






Sigo estudiando para el examen.
I continue studying for the test.
Continuamos cocinando la paella.
We continue cooking the paella.
Vienen corriendo en la casa.
They come running into the house.
The Imperfect
Progressive
It expresses what was going on
at a specific time in the past,
often when something else
happened.
Imperfect Progressive Tense =
Estar + Present Participle



Estaba – I was
Estabas – You were
Estaba – He was
She was
You were



Estábamos – We were
Estabais - You were
Estaban - They/You
were
+
Present Participle – alquilar – alquilando (renting)
(-ing)
leer - leyendo (reading)
decir – diciendo (saying)
Give the correct imperfect
progressive tense for each
verb






Vivir (yo)
Estaba viviendo
I was living
Comer (nosotros)
Estábamos comiendo
We were eating






Patinar (ella)
Estaba patinando
She was skating
Comer (tú)
Estabas comiendo
You were eating






Salir (Uds)
Estaban saliendo
You were leaving
Estudiar (vosotros)
Estabais estudiando
You were studying






Bailar (Juanita)
Estaba bailando
Juanita was dancing
Hacer (Los muchachos)
Estaban haciendo
The boys were doing






Cantar (el profesor)
Estaba cantando
The teacher was singing
Vivir (Uds.)
Estaban viviendo
You were living
Irregulars






dormir (yo)
estaba durmiendo
I was sleeping
poder (nosotros)
estábamos pudiendo
we were being able (not used)






preferir (ellas)
estaban prefiriendo
they were prefering
sentir (tú)
estabas sintiendo
you were feeling/regretting



venir (Ud.)
estaba viniendo
you were coming






leer (Uds.)
estaban leyendo
you were reading
(la clase) oír
estaba oyendo
the class was hearing



ir (Enrique)
Estaba yendo
Enrique was going
Again, instead of the helping verb
estar, you may also use seguir,
continuar, or venir.






Seguía estudiando para el examen.
I continued studying for the test.
Continuábamos cocinando la paella.
We continued cooking the paella.
Venían corriendo en la casa.
They came running into the house.
Part II – Using the
progressive tenses with
direct object pronouns

These direct
object pronouns
may be attached
on to the present
participle:

me - me
te - you
lo – it, him, you
la – it, her, you





nos – us
os – you
los, las – them,
you





I was renting it.
Estaba alquilándolo.
or Lo estaba alquilando.
He was reading them.
Él estaba leyéndolos.






They were writing it.
Estaban escribiéndolo.
You were helping me.
Estabas ayudándome.
She was watching it.
Estaba mirándolo.






You were watching us.
Estabas mirándonos.
Juan was buying it.
Juan estaba comprándola.
You all were seeing it.
Estaban/Estabais viéndolo.
Part III – Using the
progressive tenses with
indirect object pronouns




These indirect
object pronouns
may be attached
on to the present
participle:
me – to me
te – to you
le – to him, her,
you



nos – to us
os – to you
les – to them, you






You were writing to us.
Estabas escribiéndonos.
Juan was buying the tie for me..
Juan estaba comprándome la corbata.
You all were preparing the food for him.
Estaban/Estabais preparándole la
comida.






They were giving the book to them.
Estaban dándoles el libro.
You were talking to me.
Estabas hablándome.
She was reading the story to us.
Estaba leyéndonos el cuento.
…indirect before direct


Pedro estaba cantándomela.
Pedro was singing it to me.

Uds. Estaban escribiéndonoslos.
You were writing them to us.

Yo estaba enviándoselas (a el).

le

I was sending them to him.
Part IV – Using the
progressive tenses with
reflexive pronouns




These reflexive
pronouns may be
attached on to the
present participle:
me – myself
te – yourself
se – himself,
herself, yourself



nos – ourselves
os – yourselves
se – themselves,
yourselves






They were washing themselves.
Estaban lavándose.
You were getting dressed.
Estabas vistiéndote.
She was combing her hair.
Estaba peinándose el pelo.






I was falling asleep.
Estaba durmiéndome.
We were putting on our shoes.
Estábamos poniéndonos los zapatos.
She was putting on her make-up.
Estaba maquillándose.
¿Tienen preguntas?
Buena suerte clase.
Adiós.
Descargar

Present Participle