Capítulo 5B Saying what is happening: Quick Review of The Present Progressive Tense Present Participle The present participle is the –ing form of the verb. It is formed by removing the infinitive ending of the verb: hablar > habl- Then add the correct present participle ending: habl- > hablando = speaking Present Participles -ar verbs: hablar – hablando = speaking -er verbs: comer – comiendo = eating -ir verbs: vivir – viviendo = living * There are only 2 endings: -ando and iendo ( -er and –ir verbs are alike) Give the present participles for the following infinitives pensar pensando thinking buscar buscando looking for salir saliendo leaving / going out poner poniendo putting dibujar dibujando drawing ver viendo seeing alquilar alquilando renting escribir escribiendo writing nadar nadando swimming comprender comprendiendo understanding jugar jugando playing tocar tocando playing Irregular present participles dormir (ue, u) durmiendo sleeping sentir (ie, i) sintiendo feeling, regretting You can identify an irregular present participle in the dictionary: Example: dormir(ue,u) The second vowel in the parenthesis indicates the irregularity. * durmiendo decir diciendo saying, telling leer leyendo reading oír oyendo hearing poder pudiendo being able traer trayendo bringing venir viniendo coming But you cannot use a present participle alone in a sentence. Yo jugando al béisbol I playing baseball. - Incorrect You need a helping verb. I am playing baseball This is called the present progressive tense. It expresses action in progress presently or actions going on right now. But how are we going to express am in the above sentence? Present Progressive Tense = Estar + Present Participle Estoy – Estás – Está – I am You are He is She is You are Estamos - We are Estáis - You are Están - They/You are + Present Participle – alquilar – alquilando (renting) (-ing) leer - leyendo (reading) decir – diciendo (saying) Put it together: Estoy dibujando I am drawing Estás comiendo You are eating Está saliendo He, she, is leaving or you (polite) are leaving Estamos apagando We are turning off Estáis poniendo You are putting Están viviendo They / you are living Instead of the helping verb estar, you may also use seguir, continuar, or venir. Sigo estudiando para el examen. I continue studying for the test. Continuamos cocinando la paella. We continue cooking the paella. Vienen corriendo en la casa. They come running into the house. The Imperfect Progressive It expresses what was going on at a specific time in the past, often when something else happened. Imperfect Progressive Tense = Estar + Present Participle Estaba – I was Estabas – You were Estaba – He was She was You were Estábamos – We were Estabais - You were Estaban - They/You were + Present Participle – alquilar – alquilando (renting) (-ing) leer - leyendo (reading) decir – diciendo (saying) Give the correct imperfect progressive tense for each verb Vivir (yo) Estaba viviendo I was living Comer (nosotros) Estábamos comiendo We were eating Patinar (ella) Estaba patinando She was skating Comer (tú) Estabas comiendo You were eating Salir (Uds) Estaban saliendo You were leaving Estudiar (vosotros) Estabais estudiando You were studying Bailar (Juanita) Estaba bailando Juanita was dancing Hacer (Los muchachos) Estaban haciendo The boys were doing Cantar (el profesor) Estaba cantando The teacher was singing Vivir (Uds.) Estaban viviendo You were living Irregulars dormir (yo) estaba durmiendo I was sleeping poder (nosotros) estábamos pudiendo we were being able (not used) preferir (ellas) estaban prefiriendo they were prefering sentir (tú) estabas sintiendo you were feeling/regretting venir (Ud.) estaba viniendo you were coming leer (Uds.) estaban leyendo you were reading (la clase) oír estaba oyendo the class was hearing ir (Enrique) Estaba yendo Enrique was going Again, instead of the helping verb estar, you may also use seguir, continuar, or venir. Seguía estudiando para el examen. I continued studying for the test. Continuábamos cocinando la paella. We continued cooking the paella. Venían corriendo en la casa. They came running into the house. Part II – Using the progressive tenses with direct object pronouns These direct object pronouns may be attached on to the present participle: me - me te - you lo – it, him, you la – it, her, you nos – us os – you los, las – them, you I was renting it. Estaba alquilándolo. or Lo estaba alquilando. He was reading them. Él estaba leyéndolos. They were writing it. Estaban escribiéndolo. You were helping me. Estabas ayudándome. She was watching it. Estaba mirándolo. You were watching us. Estabas mirándonos. Juan was buying it. Juan estaba comprándola. You all were seeing it. Estaban/Estabais viéndolo. Part III – Using the progressive tenses with indirect object pronouns These indirect object pronouns may be attached on to the present participle: me – to me te – to you le – to him, her, you nos – to us os – to you les – to them, you You were writing to us. Estabas escribiéndonos. Juan was buying the tie for me.. Juan estaba comprándome la corbata. You all were preparing the food for him. Estaban/Estabais preparándole la comida. They were giving the book to them. Estaban dándoles el libro. You were talking to me. Estabas hablándome. She was reading the story to us. Estaba leyéndonos el cuento. …indirect before direct Pedro estaba cantándomela. Pedro was singing it to me. Uds. Estaban escribiéndonoslos. You were writing them to us. Yo estaba enviándoselas (a el). le I was sending them to him. Part IV – Using the progressive tenses with reflexive pronouns These reflexive pronouns may be attached on to the present participle: me – myself te – yourself se – himself, herself, yourself nos – ourselves os – yourselves se – themselves, yourselves They were washing themselves. Estaban lavándose. You were getting dressed. Estabas vistiéndote. She was combing her hair. Estaba peinándose el pelo. I was falling asleep. Estaba durmiéndome. We were putting on our shoes. Estábamos poniéndonos los zapatos. She was putting on her make-up. Estaba maquillándose. ¿Tienen preguntas? Buena suerte clase. Adiós.