El pretérito
Spanish II, unit 2B
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El pretérito
El pretérito = past tense
English translation: Verbed
The preterite indicates an action in the past that
is finished, an action that is over and done.
El pretérito
Important words for the preterite:
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ayer (yesterday)
anteayer (the day before yesterday)
anoche (last night)
el otro día (the other day)
en ese momento (at that moment)
entonces (then)
esta mañana (this morning)
esta tarde (this afternoon)
la semana pasada (last week)
el mes pasado (last month)
el año pasado (last year)
hace dos días, años (two days, years ago)
ayer por la mañana (yesterday morning)
ayer por la tarde (yesterday afternoon)
El pretérito
Endings for –ar verbs:
-ar verbs
yo -é
nosotros -amos
tú -aste
vosotros -asteis
Usted -ó
Ustedes -aron
él -ó
ellos -aron
ella -ó
ellas –aron
**ACCENTS ARE SUPER IMPORTANT!!**
El pretérito
AR verb example:
Lavar (to wash)
yo lavé
nosotros lavamos
(I washed)
(we washed)
tú lavaste
vosotros lavasteis
(you washed)
(you all washed)
Usted lavó
Ustedes lavaron
(you washed)
(you all washed)
él lavó
ellos lavaron
(he washed)
(they washed)
ella lavó
ellas lavaron
(she washed)
(they washed)
El pretérito
-AR verb example:
bañarse (to take a bath, to bathe)
yo me bañé
nosotros nos bañamos
(I took a bath, I bathed)
(we took a bath, we bathed)
tú te bañaste
vosotros os bañasteis
(you took a bath, you bathed)
(You all took a bath, you all bathed)
Usted se bañó
Ustedes se bañaron
(You took a bath, you bathed)
(You all took a bath, you all bathed)
él se bañó
ellos se bañaron
(he took a bath, he bathed)
(they took a bath, they bathed)
ella se bañó
ellas se bañaron
(she took a bath, she bathed)
(they took a bath, they bathed)
* Just put the reflexive before the conjugated verb!
El pretérito
Endings for –er and -ir verbs:
-er and -ir verbs
yo - í
nosotros -imos
tú -iste
vosotros -isteis
Usted -ió
Ustedes -ieron
él -ió
ellos -ieron
ella -ió
ellas –ieron
**ACCENTS ARE SUPER IMPORTANT!!**
El pretérito
-er verb example:
Beber (to drink)
yo bebí
nosotros bebimos
(I drank)
(we drank)
tú bebiste
vosotros bebisteis
(you drank)
(you all drank)
Usted bebió
Ustedes bebieron
(you drank)
(you all drank)
él bebió
ellos bebieron
(he drank)
(they drank)
ella bebió
ellas bebieron
(she drank)
(they drank)
El pretérito
-er verb example:
correr (to run)
yo corrí
nosotros corrimos
(I ran)
(we ran)
tú corriste
vosotros corristeis
(you ran)
(you all ran)
Usted corrió
Ustedes corrieron
(you ran)
(you all ran)
él corrió
ellos corrieron
(he ran)
(they ran)
ella corrió
ellas corrieron
(she ran)
(they ran)
El pretérito
-ir verb example:
Abrir – to open
yo abrí
nosotros abrimos
(I opened)
(we opened)
tú abriste
vosotros abristeis
(you opened)
(you all opened)
Usted abrió
Ustedes abrieron
(you opened)
(you all opened)
él abrió
ellos abrieron
(he opened)
(they opened)
ella abrió
ellas abrieron
(she opened)
(they opened)
El pretérito
-ir verb example:
salir – to leave
yo salí
nosotros salimos
(I left)
(we opened)
Tú saliste
vosotros salisteis
(you left)
(you all opened)
Usted salió
Ustedes salieron
(you left)
(you all opened)
él salió
ellos salieron
(he left)
(they opened)
Ella salió
ellas salieron
(she left)
(they opened)
El pretérito
Good news!
-No boot verbs in the preterite! (there will be a few, but
not yet….)
-Simply add the reflexive before the conjugated verb.
El pretérito
PROBLEMS!!
-ar verbs:
1. Verbs that end in CAR
-in YO form only
-change C to QU
-add ending é
El pretérito
Example:
tocar (to play)
yo toqué
nosotros tocamos
(I played)
(we played)
tú tocaste
vosotros tocasteis
(you played)
(you all played)
Usted tocó
Ustedes tocaron
(you played)
(you all played)
él tocó
ellos tocaron
(he played)
(they played)
ella tocó
ellas tocaron
(she played)
(they played)
Other –car verbs:
Tocar (to touch, to play)
Buscar (to look for)
Sacar (to take out)
Secar(se) (to dry (off))
Practicar (to practice)
Explicar (to explain)
El pretérito
PROBLEMS!!
-ar verbs:
2. Verbs that end in GAR
-in YO form only
-change G to GU
-add ending é
El pretérito
Example:
Entregar (to hand in)
yo entregué
nosotros entregamos
(I handed in)
(we handed in)
tú entregaste
vosotros entregasteis
(you handed in)
(you all handed in)
Usted entregó
Ustedes entregaron
(you handed in)
(you all handed in)
él entregó
ellos entregaron
(he handed in)
(they handed in
ella entregó
ellas entregaron
(she handed in)
(they handed in)
El pretérito
Other –gar verbs:
Entregar (to hand in)
Pagar (to pay for)
Navegar (to navegate, to surf)
Llegar (to arrive)
Jugar (to play a sport)
El pretérito
PROBLEMS!!
-ar verbs:
3. Verbs that end in ZAR
-in YO form only
-change Z to C
-add ending é
El pretérito
Example:
Empezar (to start)
yo empecé
nosotros empezamos
(I started)
(we started)
tú empezaste
vosotros empezasteis
(you started)
(you all started)
Usted empezó
Ustedes empezaron
(you started)
(you all started)
él empezó
ellos empezaron
(he started
(they started)
ella empezó
ellas empezaron
(she started
(they started)
Other –zar verbs:
Empezar (to start, to begin)
Comenzar (to start, to begin)
Almorzar (to eat lunch)
Organizar (to organize)
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Preterite spanish II 2B Ppt AG