Unidad 1: pág. 16-17
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Adjectives describe nouns
They must agree in GENDER and NUMBER
with the nouns they describe
Adjectives ending in –o in the masculine form
become – a in the feminine form
MOST other adjectives have identical
masculine and feminine forms
End in –o masculine
Un amigo simpático
End in –a feminine
Una amiga simpática
Universal: both
masculine and
feminine
Un chico popular
Una chica popular
Universal ending
Un chico inteligente
Una chica inteligente
-or becomes –ora
Trabajador, trabajadora
-án becomes –ana
Holgazán, holgazana
-ón becomes –ona
-Preguntón, preguntona
Mayor, menor, mejor,
superior are universal
Mi hermano mayor
Mi hermana mayor
Most end in –a for
feminine
Un doctor español
Una doctora española
Un abogado israelí
Una abogada israelí
 To make an adjective ending
in a consonant plural, ADD “es”
 To make an adjective ending
in a vowel plural, ADD “-s”
 Same pattern as nouns
 Un chico serio, conservador,
feliz, inglés, y holgazán
BECOMES ?????????????????
Unos chicos, serios,
conservadores, felices,
ingleses, y holgazanes
Usually come after the
noun they modify
María es una estudiante
mexicana.
Masculine forms of
bueno, malo, primero,
tercero BECOME…..
Buen, mal, primer,
tercer in front of the
noun
Un artista bueno
Un buen artista
Becomes gran before both
masculine and feminine
nouns
Un gran problema/una gran
reunión
Some adj. have different
meanings depending on
whether they are before or
after the noun
Una ciudad grande
A large city
Una gran ciudad
A great/fabulous city
El hombre pobre
The poor (money) man
El pobre hombre
The poor (unfortunate)
man
Una amiga vieja
An old (elderly) friend
Una vieja amiga
An old (long time) friend
El chico único
-the unique boy
El único chico
-the only boy
Práctica
Abran el libro en la pág.
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