Los pronombres - pronouns
What is a pronoun?
A pronoun replaces a noun.
You can have:
- Subject pronouns: eg I, you, he, she, we, they
- Direct object pronouns: eg me, you, him, her,
us, them
- Indirect object pronouns: eg to me, to you, to
him, to her, to us, to them
Subject pronouns in Spanish
yo
I
nosotros
we
Tú
you
vosotros
you
él
he, it
ellos
they (m)
ella
she, it
ellas
they (f)
Remember: you don’t always need to use the
subject pronoun in Spanish as the ending of the
verb tells you who is doing the verb.
Tengo = I have
Tienes = you have
etc.
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
Me
me
nos
us
Te
you
os
you
Lo
him, it
los
them (m)
La
her, it
las
them (f)
Question:
Where to put them?
What is a direct object?
The object that directly receives the action of the verb
is called the direct object.
Bill hit the ball.
"Ball" receives the action of the verb "hit."
Sherry reads the book.
"Book" receives the action of the verb "reads."
The direct object can also be a person.
Sherry hit Bill.
(DO=Bill)
The direct object answers the question "what?" or
"whom?" with regard to what the subject of the
sentence is doing.
Bill hit the ball.
Bill hit what?
Bill hit the ball.
Sherry hit Bill.
Sherry hit whom?
Sherry hit Bill.
Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the direct
object with a pronoun.
Example 1
Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers home
and gave the flowers to his wife.
Example 2
Paul bought the flowers. He took them home and gave
them to his wife.
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
You usually put the object pronoun before the
verb. In English we put it after the verb.
Ejemplos:
Me gusta esa falda. La llevo.
I like that skirt. I’ll take it.
Mi amigo está allí. ¿Lo ves?
Mi friend is there. Can you see him?
Más ejemplos:
¿Dónde están mis zapatos? ¿Los tienes?
Where are my shoes. Do you have them?
Tus hermanas vinieron a mi casa anoche. Mi madre
las vio.
Your sisters came to my house last night. My mother
saw them.
Fuimos a tu casa el sábado. Nos vio también.
We went to your house on Saturday. She saw us too.
But watch out!
You put the object pronoun after the verb in the
following cases:
•After a command – eg Tráigame el menú – bring me
the menu
•After an infinitive – eg Voy a darlo a John – I’m going
to give it to John
•After a gerund (-ing) – eg Estoy poniéndolos en las
mesa – I’m putting them on the table
Let’s practice!
Choose the correct pronoun.
1. They want the book.
_______________ quieren.
2. I know them. (Juan and Maria)
_______________ conozco.
3. Juan knows me.
_______________ conoce.
4. You love me.
_______________ amas.
5. You-all (formal) drink milk.
_______________ beben.
6. He buys the magazines.
_______________ compra.
7. They see Maria.
_______________ ven.
8. I have the pen. (la pluma)
_______________ tengo.
9. You-all (familiar) want the house.
_______________ queréis.
Estamos organizando una excursión en tren y todos
tenemos que llevar algo.
la fruta / Manolo
A: ¿Quién lleva la fruta?
B: La lleva Manolo
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
La verdura / Lola
El queso / Pepe
Las revistas / el señor Almodóvar
Las bebidas / Marta
El zumo de naranja / yo
Las patatas / nosotros
El pan / Paco
Las botellas de agua / los amigos de Rosa
La música / Jorge
Los bocadillos / todos nosotros
Indirect Object Pronouns
The indirect object (IO) tells us where the direct object
(DO) is going.
He gives the book to María.
DO=Book
Where is the book going?
To María.
IO=María
The indirect object answers the question "To whom?" or
"For whom?" the action of the verb is performed.
He gives María the book.
To whom does he give the book?
To María.
IO=María
He buys me flowers.
For whom does he buy the flowers?
For me.
IO=me
Sentences that have an indirect object usually also have
a direct object.
Remember, the IO tells us where the DO is going. Notice
how the sentences below just wouldn't work without a
direct object.
He gives María . . .
the book, the pen, the diamond, etc.
He buys me . . .
flowers, candy, an ironing board, etc
Indirect object pronouns in Spanish
These are quite similar to the direct object pronouns.
They mean to me, to you etc. although we don’t
always use ‘to’ in English eg she gave him the book =
she gave the book to him. In this case you would
have to say
Le dio el libro
Me
(to) me
nos
(to) us
Te
(to) you
os
(to) you
Le
(to) him, it
les
(to) them (m)
Le
(to) her, it
les
(to) them (f)
Let’s practice!
Choose the correct pronoun.
1. Juan compra flores para ella.
Juan _____ compra flores.
2. El camarero da el menú a ellos
El camarero _____ da el menú.
3. Ellos dan una propina a mí.
Ellos _____ dan una propina.
4. Compro el libro para ti.
_____compro el libro.
Translate the phrases. Do not abbreviate "usted" or
"ustedes.“
Model:
he gives her (dar)
él le da
1 we (masculine) give them (dar)
2. she gives us (dar)
3. they (masculine) give us (dar)
4. they (feminine) give her (dar)
5. you-all (formal) give me (dar)
6. Sara buys me (comprar)
7. they (masculine) buy you (familiar) (comprar)
8. we (masculine) tell them (decir)
9. Susana writes to them (escribir)
10. we (masculine) bring to you (familiar) (traer)
Here are the direct object pronouns and the indirect
object pronouns side by side:
DO Pronouns
IO Pronouns
English Equivalent
me
me
me
te
te
you (familiar)
lo, la
le
him, her, it, you (formal)
nos
nos
us
os
os
you-all (familiar)
los, las
les
them, you-all (formal)
When you have both a direct object pronoun and an
indirect object pronoun in the same sentence, the
indirect object pronoun comes first.
Ellos me los dan.
They give them to me.
IO pronoun: me
DO pronoun: los
Ella te la vende.
She sells it to you.
IO pronoun: te
DO pronoun: la
Whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l"
change the first pronoun to "se."
le lo = se lo
le la = se la
le los = se los
le las = se las
les lo = se lo
les la = se la
les los = se los
les las = se las
In negative sentences, the negative word comes
directly before the first pronoun.
No se lo tengo.
I don't have it for you.
Nunca se los compro.
I never buy them for her.
Let’s practice!
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronoun or verb
form.
Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are
masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú).
1. He gives it to me.
Él _____ lo da.
2. They give it to me.
Ellos me lo _____.
3. We give them (f) to you.
Nosotros te las _____.
4. I tell it to you.
Yo te lo _____.
5. They give it to you.
Ellas te _____ dan.
6. They write it (f) to you.
Ellos te la _____.
7. He buys them for you.
Él te los _____.
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronouns.
Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are
masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú).
Don't forget to change the first pronoun to "se" when
necessary.
1. He sings it (f) to her.
Él _____ canta.
2. We sing it (f) to you.
Nosotros _____cantamos.
3. We tell it to them.
Nosotros _____ decimos.
4. I tell it to them.
Yo _____ digo.
12. She buys them for you.
Ella _____ compra.
13. She cooks it (f) for him.
Ella _____ cocina.
14. We cook it (f) for him.
Nosotros _____ cocinamos
- . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - . -. - . - . - . - . - . - . - . - .
Write ten sentences using in each sentence two
object pronouns.
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Indirect Object Pronouns