Subject Pronouns in Spanish Los pronombres Pronoun: A word that takes the place of a noun. Examples: Mike is reading the book. He is reading the book. Alicia skates well. She skates well. The team plays football. They play football. A subject pronoun is simply a word that functions as the subject of a sentence – who or what the sentence is about. Examples: We are going to the beach. It is an exciting game. They seem to be nice. Subject pronouns are frequently organized into a wimpy looking chart called a verb tree. (Watch…we’ll draw one.) That”s it…That’s all there is to drawing a verb tree! ¡MUY IMPORTANTE! Spanish has 9 subject pronouns and 3 of them mean YOU in English. It’s not so unusual if you remember that English used to use words like ye and thee for you. So, with 3 words that mean YOU, it’s very important to learn them and when they’re used since they’re not interchangeable. Three ways to say YOU… here’s number 1 Tú is singular, called the informal form, and is used when speaking to a friend, a family member or someone your age or younger – anyone you call by their first name. Three ways to say YOU… here’s number 2 Usted is singular, called the formal form, and is used when speaking to an older stranger, someone older or someone you don’t call by their first name . Three ways to say YOU… here’s number 3 Ustedes is plural, and is used when speaking to a more than one person, somewhat like using “y’all” in the southern part of the United States, or “you guys”. A quick review… Try and remember how the word is used, before the answer appears. Tú means you when you talking to one person, a friend or a family member. Usted means you when talking to an older person you don’t call by their first name. Ustedes Means you when talking to more than one person. FINALLY! Here are the Spanish subject pronouns yo means I tú means you él ella usted means he means she means you nosotros means ellos ellas ustedes means we they means they means you That’s how theythe all verb fit into the verb tree. And, remember “tree” we drew? Oops! Two things to explain: First, this nosotros means we Girls, in a girls only group, use nosotras . Notice the –as on the end. If it’s a mixed group – boys and girls together, use the nosotros form, with the –os ending. And, this ellos ellas they means they means There are 2 Spanish words for they – ellos when talking about guys and ellas when talking about girls. With both boys and girls in the group you must use ellos. ¿ How much do you remember ? Guess what these pronouns mean before the answer is given. yo tú él ella usted nosotros/as ellos ellas ustedes I you - informal he she you - formal we they – only guys or a mixed group they – a group of girls you - plural How’d you do? ¿ How much do you remember ? Which subject pronoun would you use if you were speaking to the following people: tú, usted, or ustedes? La profesora de arte Tu papá Los amigos usted tú ustedes El Señor Allen usted Un estudiante tú ¿ How much do you remember ? Which subject pronoun would you use if you wanted to speak about… The President Alicia él ella Miguel y Beto ellos You and your friend The girls Nosotros or nosotras ellas Your assignment Make 9 flash cards, Spanish on one side and English on the other. Review them frequently until you know what they mean by heart. yo tú él ella usted nosotros/as ellos ellas ustedes I you – informal, for family & friends he she you – formal, respectful, strangers we they – only guys, or a mixed group they – group of girls You – plural, “y’all” or “you guys” Remember: “you” words are for talking to people, the rest are for talking about people. Now, sit back, watch and listen to how these pronouns work with Spanish verbs. Can you find the one extra pronoun that is used only in Spain? PowerPoint created by Bobb Jackson Hillside Middle School, Salt Lake City School District Pronoun song courtesy of S. Lewis Porky Pig courtesy of Warner Bros.