Gramática Básica VERBOS AUXILIARES El verbo “To Be” • Uso: Como verbo auxiliar para formar estructuras de presente continuo, pasado continuo, etc. Como verbo principal con significado pleno (ser o estar). CONJUGACIÓN EN AFIRMATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro I am I was I will be You are You were You will be He/she/it is He/she/it was He/she/it will be We are We were We will be You are You were You will be They are They were They will be CONJUGACIÓN EN NEGATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro I am not I was not I will not be You are not You were not You will not be He/she/it is not We are not He/she/it was not We were not He/she/it will not be We will not be You are not You were not You will not be They are not They were not They will not be CONJUGACIÓN EN INTERROGATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro Am I? Was I? Will I be? Are you? Were you? Will you be? Is he/she/it? Was he/she/it? Are we? Were we? Will he/she/it be? Will we be? Are you? Were you? Will you be? Are they? Were they? Will they be? El verbo “To Have Got” • Uso: Como verbo auxiliar en la formación de tiempos compuestos como el present perfect o past perfect. Cuando actúa como verbo auxiliar solo utiliza “have”. Ej: I have been to London. (pierde “got”) Como verbo con significado pleno, “tener”. CONJUGACIÓN AFIRMATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro I have got I had got I will have got You have got You had got You will have got He/she/it has got He/she/it had got We have got We had got He/she/it will have got We will have got You have got You had got You will have got They have got They had got They will have got CONJUGACIÓN NEGATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro I have not got I had not got I will have got You have not got He/she/it has not got We have not got You have not got They have not got You had not got You will have got He/she/it had He/she/it will not got have got We had not got We will have got You had not got You will have got They had not They will have got got CONJUGACIÓN INTERROGATIVA Presente Have I got? Have you got? Pasado Had I got? Had you got? Has he/she/it got? Have we got? Had he/she/it got? Had we got? Have you got? Had you got? Have they got? Has they got? Futuro Will I have got? Will you have got? Will he/she/it have got? Will we have got? Will you have got? Will they have got? El verbo “To do” • Uso: Puede funcionar como auxiliar. Se utiliza para expresar negación, para hacer preguntas, y en las oraciones afirmativas para dar más énfasis. Puede tener significado pleno, en cuyo caso, significará “hacer”. CONJUGACIÓN AFIRMATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro I do I did I will do You do You did You will do He/she/it does He/she/it did He/she/it will do We do We did We will do You do You did You will do They do They did They will do CONJUGACIÓN NEGATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro I do not I did not I will not do You do not You did not You will not do He/she/it does not We do not He/she/it did not We did not He/she/it will not do We will not do You do not You did not You will not do They do not They did not They will not do CONJUGACIÓN INTERROGATIVA Presente Pasado Futuro Do I? Did I? Will I do? Do you? Did you? Will you do? Does he/she/it? Did he/she/it? Do we? Did we? Will he/she/it do? Will we do? Do you? Did you? Will you do? Do they? Did they? Will they do?