Ser and estar with
adjectives
Mosaicos, pp. 38, 69, 70
Introduction
The verbs SER and ESTAR can be used
together with many adjectives. The
meaning of the sentence will change
depending on which one is chosen.
SER + adjectives

SER is used with adjectives to describe the
qualities of a person, place or thing (what
someone or something is like).

Examples:
Marta es fuerte
Marta is strong
La casa es roja
The house is red
Texas es un estado grande
Texas is a large state
ESTAR + adjectives


ESTAR is used with adjectives to describe
conditions that are true at a given time but not
inherit qualities. It is also used to describe how
we feel about a certain person or object.
Examples:
Marta está alegre
Luis is happy
Sara está delgada
Sara is thin
Jaime está cansado
Jaime is tired
Adjectives generally used
with ESTAR










Contento/a
Causado/a
Enojado/a
Cerrado/a
Abierto/a
Enfermo/a
Limpio/a
Ocupado/a
Seguro/a
Sucio/a
Happy
Caused
Angry
Closed
Open
Sick
Clean
Occupied
Safe
Dirty
Difference in meaning
Amelia es guapa
vs
Amelia está guapa
Amelia is beautiful
She is a beautiful girl
vs
Amelia is beautiful
Amelia looks beautiful at
this time
Pepe es delgado
vs
Pepe está delgado
Pepe is thin
Pepe is a thin boy
vs
Pepe is thin
He has lost weight
recently
Ana es lista
vs
Ana está lista
Ana is smart
Ana is ready
Práctica
What is true and what is correct?
Rusia __ un país grande
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
La bicicleta __ roja.
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Tomás __ enojado.
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Práctica (cont.)
What is true and what is correct?
Rusia __ una ciudad
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
La bicicleta __ verde.
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Tomás __ enojado.
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Práctica (cont.)
What is true and what is correct?
El perro __ gordo.
(the dog has gained weight lately)
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Laura __ aburrrida.
(Laura is a boring person)
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Javier __ listo.
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Práctica (cont.)
What is true and what is correct?
El perro __ gordo.
(the dog has gained weight lately)
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Laura __ divertida.
(Laura is a boring person)
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
Javier __ listo.
a) es b) está
TRUE FALSE
¡Buen trabajo!
Hoy hemos aprendido a usar los adjetivos con los
verbos SER y ESTAR
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b) está TRUE