-ER & -IR Verbs
• As we saw in the
previous presentation,
there are three
conjugations of verbs
in Spanish: –AR, –ER,
and –IR.
• -ER and –IR verbs are
often studied together
because all of their
endings (except one)
are identical.
BEBER
• Let’s look at an
example, the verb
BEBER, which means
“to drink.” It ends in
–ER, so it is included
in this class.
BEBER
• The verb can be split into
two parts:
• The base: BEB• The infinitive ending: -ER
BEBER
• Now let’s say “I drink.”
• Start with the base:
BEB• When you talk about
yourself, add –O, just as
you did for the –AR
verbs.
BEBER
• yo bebo
• Are you surprised?
BEBER
• Now let’s talk about
you. When the
subject is tú, you add
–ES (remember that
it’s an –ER verb).
BEBER
• tú bebes
BEBER
• Let’s guess endings
for the other persons:
él, ella, Ud., nosotros,
ellos, ellas, Uds.
BEBER
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
él bebe
ella bebe
Ud. bebe
nosotros bebemos
ellos beben
ellas beben
Uds. beben
-ER endings
• The endings for regular
•
•
•
•
•
•
-ER verbs are the same
as for –AR verbs, except
that the vowel is –Einstead of –A-!
yo -o
tú -es
él, ella, Ud. -e
nosotros -emos
ellos -en
ustedes –en
What about the –IR Verbs?
• Well, take a look for
•
•
•
•
•
•
yourself. Can you find the
one difference?
beber
vivir
bebo
vivo
bebes
vives
bebe
vive
bebemos
vivimos
beben
viven
That’s right!
• The endings are
identical except for
the nosotros form:
beber: bebemos
vivir: vivimos
Let’s Practice
> ESCRIBIR
• Yo _______
muchas cartas,
pero mi hermana
no _______ cartas.
Escribir
• Yo escribo muchas
cartas, pero mi
hermana no
escribe cartas.
RECIBIR, DEBER
• Cuando yo
_______ (recibir)
una carta, _______
(deber) leerla [read
it].
RECIBIR, DEBER
• Cuando yo recibo una
carta, debo leerla.
• N.B. There was no
change in subject, so
“yo” was understood to
be the subject for both
verbs. It was not
necessary to repeat “yo.”
LEER, COMPRENDER
• Miguel ______
(leer) filosofía pero
no la ________
(comprender) muy
bien.
LEER, COMPRENDER
• Miguel lee filosofia
pero no la
comprende muy
bien.
• Don’t forget that the base of
leer is le-, so there is a
double –e on the él form.
VIVIR, CORRER
• Nosotros _____
(vivir) cerca de
[near] un parque y
______ (correr)
allí [there] por la
mañana.
VIVIR, CORRER
• Nosotros vivimos
cerca de un parque
y corremos allí por
la mañana.
Regular Present Tense
• To summarize, here are
•
•
•
•
•
•
the endings for the three
verb conjugations:
-AR
-ER
-IR
-o
-o
-o
-as
-es
-es
-a
-e
-e
-amos –emos –imos
-an
-en
-en
Regular Present Tense
• Now let’s look at
verbs that don’t fit
these neat patterns!
• Start the presentation
entitled Tener (#5).
Descargar

-ER & -IR Verbs - Auburn City Schools