The Present
Subjunctive
SP4A
The Subjunctive

Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood,
which is used to talk about facts or actual events
» Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

Spanish has another way of using verbs called the subjun ctive
mood
We use it to say what one person does or doesn’t want, tell,
suggest, or recommend someone else to do.
A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has two parts
connected by the word que.
For example:



The Subjunctive

Quiero que tú respires lentamente.
»

I want you to breathe slowly.
Sugiero que bebas agua antes de correr.
»
I suggest that you drink water before running.
You can also suggest more general or impersonal ideas using
expressions such as es necesario…es bueno…and es importante…,
followed by que and a form of the present subjunctive.
 Es necesario que hagas ejercicio.
»

It’s necessary that you do exercise.
Es importante que los jóvenes coman bien.
»
It’s important that the young people eat well.
Verbos regulares

To form the present subjunctive we drop the -o of the presenttense indicative yo form and add the subjunctive endings.
For -ar verbs:
e, es, e, emos, éis, en
CONOCER
Conozco
Conozc_
SALTAR
Salto
Salt_
Salt + e
Salt + es
Salt + e
For -er/-ir verbs:
a, as, a, amos, áis, an
Salt + emos
Salt + éis
Salt + en
Conozc + a
Conozc + as
Conozc + a
Conozc + amos
Conozc + áis
Conozc + an
Irregular -yo form verbs

Irregular verbs that add a “g” to the stem in the present-tense yo
form also have a “g” in the present subjunctive.
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Caerse
Decir
Hacer
Poner
Salir
Tener
Traer
me caigo
digo
hago
pongo
salgo
tengo
traigo
me caiga
diga
haga
ponga
salga
tenga
traiga
-car, -gar & -zar verbs

Also verbs ending in –car, -gar, and –zar have a spell change in
order to maintain the original sound.
»
»
»
Buscar
Pagar
Cruzar
busco
pago
cruzo
busque
pague
cruce
Verbos irregulares
Memorize this acronym:
 DISHES
D
Dar (dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den)
I
Ir
(vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan)
S
Ser (sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean)
H
Haber (haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan)
E
Estar (esté, estés, esté, estemos, estéis, estén)
S
Saber (sepa, sepas, sepan, sepamos, sepáis, sepan)

Verbos con cambio de raíz


You know that stem-changing verbs in the present indicative have a
stem-change in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.
Stem-changing verbs ending in -ar and -er have the same stem
changes in the subjunctive as in the indicative.
AR
JUGAR (u > ue)
Juegue Juguemos
Juegues Juguéis
Juegue Jueguen
ER
PENSAR (e > ie)
Piense
Pienses
Piense
Pensemos
Penséis
Piensen
Stem changing verbs

Other verbs you know that follow these
patterns are:
»
o...ue: contar, poder, volver, costar, probar(se), llover, doler
»
e…ie: querer, sentarse, calentar, despertar(se), empezar,
entender
Stem-changing verbs ending in -ir have changes in all
forms of the present subjunctive.
PEDIR (e > i)
Pida
DIVERTIRSE (e > ie), (e > I)
Pidamos Me divierta Nos divirtamos
DORMIR (u > ue), (o > u)
Duerma
Durmamos
Pidas Pidás
Te divertas Os divirtáis
Duermas Durmáis
Pida
Se divierta Se diviertan
Duerma
Pidan
Duerman
Other verbs you know that follow these patterns are:



o...ue: morir
e…ie: sentirse, preferir
e…i: reír, repetir, servir, vestir(se), seguir, conseguir
»
»
»
Es necesario que pidas la llave.
Queremos que se diviertan.
Es bueno que duermas durante el vuelo.
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PPP Presente del subjuntivo TODAS LAS FORMAS