Conjugating -ER & -IR Verbs
Los objetivos
 What do all verbs in Spanish end in?
 What do you need to make a complete sentence?
 What does “conjugate” mean?
 How do I conjugate –ER AND –IR verbs?
Conjugating Verbs
 Ya sabes…
All verbs in Spanish end in
What is the infinitive?
If the verb has the –ar/-er/-ir ending… it is in the
infinitive form.
Example:
Cantar
Vivir
Bailar
Patinar
Comer
Abrir
There are a lot of –ER & -IR VERB
Infinitives to remember!
-ER VERBS
 Leer
to read
 Comer
to eat
 Comprender to understand
 correr
to run
 Creer (en) to believe (in)
 Deber (+ inf.)
should; must; ought to
 Aprender (a+inf.) to
learn
 Beber
to drink
 *Tener
to have
 *Querer to want
 *Poder
to be able
 *Ser
to be
-IR VERBS
 Vivir
to live
 Abrir
to open
 Venir
to come
 Assistir (a) to attend
 Compartir to share
 Escribir
to write
 Recibir
to receive
 Describir
to describe
 Decidir (+inf.)
to
decide
-ER and IR VERBS (CONT.)

Complete sentences
Every complete sentence in Spanish must have a
______________________________
and a
________________________________
Conjugating –ER & -IR Verbs
 There are steps to
conjugating
regular –er and –ir
verbs!
What are the steps?
Step 2:
Drop the –er
or -ir
Step 1:
Start with
the infinitive
Step 3:
Add the
appropriate
ending
-ER Endings
-IR Endings
Let’s Try it with “beber (to drink)”
(What if I want to say “I drink”)
Step 3
Step 2
Step 1
Let’s Try it with “abrir (to open)”
(What if I want to say “I open”)
Step 3
Step 2
Step 1
Beber (to drink)
Abrir (to open)
What do they mean?
 Bebo = I drink
 Bebes = you drink
 Bebo = He/She/It drinks or you (formal) drink
 Bebemos = We drink
 Bebéis = Ya’ll drink (Spain)
 Beben = They drink (m.) (f.)/Ya’ll open (formal)
What do they mean?
 Abro = I open
 Abes = you open
 Abre = He/She/It opens or you (formal) open
 Abrimos = We open
 Abrís = Ya’ll open (Spain)
 Abren = They open (m.) (f.)/ Ya’ll open (formal)
comer (to eat)
Compartir (To share)
What does the following mean?
 Abrimos
 Comparto
 Abren
 Compartes
 Abrís
We open
I share
They open
You share
Ya’ll open
Practica
1. Carlos ______________ (compartir) un
lapiz.
2. Los estudiantes ________________
(responder) las preguntas.
3. Maria y Selena _____________ (querer)
a su hermano.
Practica (cont.)
1. Los chicos ________________ (to watch)
la televisión.
2. La maestra _______________ (to open)
la sala de clase.
3. Yo _________________ (to study) todos
los dias.
Traduce
1. My mother looks for a book.
2. We prepare our homework.
3. I get a good grade in Spanish.
Contesta las Preguntas
1. ¿Estudias en la biblioteca?
2. ¿Compartes tus chocolates con tu mamá?
3. ¿Bailas en el clúb los sabados?
4. ¿A qué hora comienza la clase de español?
5. ¿Abren las ventanas de la clase de español?
Videos: -AR, -ER and IR verbs
 http://youtu.be/gmjWWphCx5k
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5k6KQ-OO2uU
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eK52jgxRklw
Self Check
 What do all verbs in Spanish end in?
 What do you need to make a complete sentence?
 What does “conjugate” mean?
 How do I conjugate –ER & -IR verbs?
 Can you name at least 10 –er or –ir verbs and give their
definitions?
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ER AND –IR verbs?