Regular Present Tense
-ar, -er and –ir
Verbs
There are 3 types of regular verbs in Spanish:
verbs that en in –ar,
verbs that end in –er, and
verbs that end in –ir.
You’ve already learned –ar verbs:
yo hablo
tú hablas
él, ella habla
nosotros hablamos
vosotros habláis
ellos hablan
Now for –er verbs:
To form –er verbs, take off the –er and then add
the following endings:
comer (to eat)
-o
-emos
como
comemos
-es
-éis
comes
coméis
-e
-en
come
comen
Notice that the only difference between –er verbs
and –ar verbs is that you use e’s instead of a’s:
-ar
-er
-o
-amos
-o
-emos
-as
-áis
-es
-éis
-a
-an
-e
-en
Now for –ir verbs. Drop the –ir and add the
following endings:
-o
-es
-e
-imos
-ís
-en
abrir (to open)
abro
abrimos
abres
abrís
abre
abren
Do you see what the difference is between –er
and –ir verbs? They’re just alike except for the
nosotros and vosotros forms:
-o
-es
-e
-er
-emos
-éis
-en
-o
-es
-e
-ir
-imos
-ís
-en
So when you’re conjugating verbs, check if
the infinitive ends with an –ar, –er, or –ir, so
you’ll know what ending to put on it:
HABLAR You talk: hablas
COMER You eat: comes
ABRIR
You open: abres
we talk:
hablamos
we eat:
comemos
we open:
abrimos
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Regular Present Tense –er and –ir Verbs