5.2 The conditional
• The conditional tense (el condicional) takes the same
endings for all –ar, –er, and –ir verbs. For regular verbs,
the endings are added to the infinitive.
¿Te dijo en qué coche vendría?
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5.2 The conditional
¡ATENCIÓN!
Note that all of the conditional endings
carry a written accent mark.
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5.2 The conditional
• Verbs with irregular future stems have the same irregular
stem in the conditional.
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5.2 The conditional
Uses of the conditional
• The conditional is used to express what would occur
under certain circumstances.
¿Qué ciudad de Costa Rica visitarías primero?
Which city in Costa Rica would you visit first?
Iría primero a San José.
First I would go to San José.
¡ATENCIÓN!
The English would is used to express the conditional, but it can also
express what used to happen. To express habitual past actions,
Spanish uses the imperfect, not the conditional!!
Cuando era pequeña, iba a la playa todos los veranos.
When I was young, I would (used to) go to the beach every summer.
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5.2 The conditional
• The conditional is also used to make polite requests.
¿Podrías pasarme ese mapa, por favor?
Could you pass me that map, please?
¿Te importaría cuidar mis plantas?
Would you mind taking care of my plants?
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5.2 The conditional
• Just as the future tense is one of several ways of
expressing a future action, the conditional is one of
several ways of expressing a future action as
perceived in the past. In this case, the conditional
expresses what someone said or thought would
happen.
Dicen que mañana hará viento.
Creía que hoy haría viento.
They say it will be windy
tomorrow.
I thought it would be windy
today.
Dicen que mañana va a hacer
viento.
Creía que hoy iba a hacer
viento.
They say it’s going to be windy
tomorrow.
I thought it was going to be
windy today.
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5.2 The conditional
• The conditional may also be used to express conjecture
or probability about a past event. English expresses
this in various ways using words and expressions such
as wondered, must have been, and was probably.
¿A qué hora regresaría?
Serían las ocho.
I wonder what time he returned.
It must have been eight o’clock.
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5.2 The conditional
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5.2-8
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5.2 The conditional - Plain Local Schools